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Central Africa says border nation 

bombed its troops and 

Russian allies

November 29th, 10:10am



The Central African government said a plane that flew 

back to a neighboring country bombed a base of its

 army and Russian paramilitary allies in the 

northwest on Monday, threatening



The aircraft "dropped explosives in the town" of 

Bossangoa "targeting the base of our defense 

forces, that of our allies as well as the cotton

factory," the government of this country --- 

where the army and hundreds of fighters 

from the Russian private security group 

Wagner are fighting rebels --- said in 

a statement.


This is the first time, at least publicly announced, 

that a suspected attack by a hostile aircraft 

has occurred at least since the civil war 

began in 2013.


The attack occurred in the middle of Sunday night, 

shortly before 3 a.m., according to Bangui.


-Material damage-


"These explosives caused significant material

 damage," the statement continued.


"This aircraft, after committing these crimes headed 

north before crossing our borders," the government 

said. Chad is located near the north of Bossangoa, 

a town that was, until recently, in the hands 

of rebels. 


An investigation has been opened to "establish

 responsibility" for "this despicable act 

perpetrated by enemies of peace 

(which) cannot go unpunished" 

and "all measures have already 

been taken, to deal with any 

eventuality," the statement



Relations are tense between Chad and the Central

 African Republic. Bangui accuses N'Djamena, of

 allowing armed groups to use its territory as a

 fallback base and of having granted asylum 

to their main leader, former president 

François Bozizé. 


In late May 2021, Chad accused the Central African

 army of killing six of its soldiers, five of whom were

 "abducted and executed," in an attack on a border 

post on its territory.


- "Without headlights" -


An aircraft "bombed the Russian base at 2:50 a.m., we

 heard at least four bombs but as it was night, we did

 not see the plane which was without headlights and

 made little noise," Etienne Ngueretoum, regional

 director of Water and Forests in Bossangoa, 

told AFP by telephone.


He said two bombs exploded in his garden, which

 adjoins a Russian-occupied cotton factory.


"The detonations were frightening, I'm fine, I just 

had a graze on my right leg from the shrapnel,"

 he said.


The mayor of Bossangoa, Pierre Denamguere, also

 confirmed the attack by phone to AFP. "It was a

 plane without lights... and that we could not 

identify, the target was the cotton factory 

that the Russians and the armed forces 

use as a base, there is not too much 

damage," he commented.


President Faustin Archange Touadéra's government 

called on Moscow to come to the rescue when the

 rebels were advancing rapidly toward Bangui in 

December 2020.


Russian paramilitaries, including from Wagner, 

landed by the hundreds, bolstering hundreds

 more present since 2018.


The armed groups, which then occupied two-thirds of 

the Central African Republic --- were quickly pushed

back from most of their strongholds, but continued 

to conduct sporadic guerrilla actions against the

 military and its allies, particularly between

 Bossangoa and the Chadian border.





Chadian lawyers down tools 

in protest of mass trial of 

anti-gov't demonstrators

November 29th, 8:14am




Chad is to try 401 people detained during and after 

deadly anti-government protests last month, 

prosecutors said on Friday.


Officially, around 50 people -- including 10 members of 

the security forces -- died when police opened fire on 

the demonstrators in the capital N'Djamena and 

several other cities on October 20.


But opposition groups say the actual toll was much

 higher, with unarmed civilians massacred.


Prosecutors said the 401 detainees would be tried on

Tuesday inside the high-security prison of Koro Toro 

in the middle of the desert, more than 600 

kilometres (370 miles) northeast of 

the capital.


"The hearings will be held from November 29th to 

December 4th," the N'Djamena prosecution said.


The 401 were being tried on several charges including

 taking part in an "unauthorised gathering", 

"destroying belongings", "arson", and 

"disturbing public order", it said.


Opposition groups had encouraged protests on 

October 20th to mark the date when the ruling 

military had initially promised to cede power -- 

a timeline General Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno

 has now extended by two years.


The 38-year-old.. took power from his father, Idriss 

Deby Itno, who ruled for 30 years before dying in 

an operation against rebels in April 2021.


The public prosecutor earlier this month said Chadian

 authorities has arrested 621 people, including 83

 minors, after the protests, all of whom were 

transferred to the Koro Toro prison.


Beyond the 401 to stand trial Tuesday, investigations

 were ongoing for 220 other people, including 83 

minors, the prosecution said.


Koulmen Nadjiro, the secretary of the Chad Bar

 Association, said nothing had been done to

 help lawyers defend detainees at the 

remote prison.


"We're being asked to go and defend these young

people on our own time. It's a way to prevent 

us from going to defend the innocent," 

she said.


"We expect the justice ministry to... put means at 

our disposal to allow us to go and defend our 

clients, and to guarantee our security," 

she added.


Additional sources • AFP




Africa: New Fund to Help 
African Cities Build 
Water Resilience 

by Jerry Chifamba


November 28th



Access to clean drinking water still remains a major 

challenge to many communities the world over and

 will increasingly be at the centre of dealing with 

the worst effects of the climate emergency.


After days of intense negotiations in Sharm el-Sheikh, 

history was made when countries at the latest UN

Climate Change Conference, COP27, reached

 agreement on an outcome that established 

a funding mechanism to compensate 

vulnerable nations for 'loss and 

damage' from climate-

induced disasters.


In another milestone at the conference, the African

 Cities Water Adaptation Fund (ACWA Fund) was

 introduced by the World Resources Institute 

and partners with the goal of allocating 

$5 billion by 2032 to urban water

 resilience measures in 100 

African cities.


City leaders will be able to directly access funding 

and technical support - to implement cutting-edge

 solutions...   addressing a range of water issues, 

including integrated governance...   watershed 

management, increasing sanitation services, 

improved stormwater management, and 

wastewater management.


All thanks to the ACWA Fund, which was introduced 

at the Race to Resilience 2030 Climate Implement-

ation Lab and its supporting coalition, the ACWA
Platform, which was introduced at the Multi-

Level Action Pavilion.


Guterres also reminded everyone of the need of

 maintaining the Paris Agreement's 1.5 degree 

Celsius limit -- and pulling humankind "back 

from the climate cliff" as top priorities for 

addressing the climate crisis. The UN 

chief said that, while a fund for loss 

and damage is essential, it's not 

an answer if the climate crisis 

washes a small island State

 off the map - or turns an 

entire African country

 into a desert.


In addition to reiterating his appeal for a climate

 solidarity pact that he made in his opening 

remarks at COP27, he restated the need 

for just energy transition partnerships
speed up the phase-out of coal and
up renewable energy sources.

With a 
U.S.$66 billion backlog in infrastructure 

investment across the continent and U.S.$9-
U.S.$14 billion needed each 
year to secure
water sources, the 
resources required to
these expanding requirements 

...are enormous.


Sub-Saharan Africa has received less than 1% of the 

$100 billion in private investment dedicated to water 

infrastructure since 1990. The greatest method to

 enhance access to safe and sustainable water

 services... and decrease cities' exposure to 

water-related risks is to combine private 

financing.... with coordinated public 

sector funds, aid for climate and 

development, and other 

funding sources.


WRI is working with partners, including the African

 Centre for Cities, ICLEI Africa, WaterAid, Resilient

 Cities Network, Arup, Cap-Net UNDP along with a 

strong steering committee with representation 

from key financial institutions and private 

sector investors, to develop a one-stop 

shop for African cities, offering full 

project lifecycle support.


The ACWA Fund will support local leaders to utilise

 the latest knowledge and resources to understand 

climate-water risks and socioeconomic impacts; 

identify, prioritise & prepare projects; structure 

deals and connect to grants and capital; and 

scale delivery by standardising project 

development manuals, deals and

 contracts, according to WRI.


Twenty three institutions have agreed to take action

in support of the ACWA Fund by committing to offer

rapid financing, plus technical help and knowledge
development. These organisations come together

 to establish the ACWA Platform, which provides
 centralised coalition of professionals and 

researchers to aid in the planning and 

development of projects. 


Stakeholders from the city will collaborate with 

the platform partners to create initiatives that 

are highly resilient and scalable and are 

ready for investment.


The ACWA Fund will help initiatives get off the 

ground by funding project preparation with 

grants, low-interest loans, and direct 

investments in the form of stock
subordinated debt. 


To assist in the implementation of resilient water

 solutions in 100 communities by 2032... the fund 

will provide U.S.$222 million in grants, U.S.$288

 million in direct investments ----- and indirectly 

leverage U.S.$5 billion in further investments.


Together, the coalition's goals ----- are to increase
 million people's access to sustainable water 

services, conserve 137 million cubic metres 

of water, and add 64,000 jobs.







Ghana: Gold 4 Oil Programme

From January 1st ------ BoG 

to Buy 20% Refined Gold 

From Mining Companies

for Purchase of Oil for 

Ghanaian Market

by Claude Nyarko Adams

November 28th

Ghanaian Times (Accra)



All large scale mining companies in the country are 

from January 1st next year, expected to sell 20%

of all refined gold at their refineries, to the Bank 

of Ghana (BoG).


The purchase would be made in Ghana 

Cedis, before the export of the gold.


This forms part of measures by government to ease 

the pressure on the Ghana Cedi through its "Gold 4 

Oil" programme --- aimed at purchasing oil for the

 Ghanaian market, with gold produced in 

the country.


A statement signed & issued in Accra, on Wednesday,

by the Minister of Lands & Natural Resources Samuel
Abdulai Jinapor ---- tasked the BoG and the Precious

Minerals Marketing Company (PMMC) to coordinate
with the large scale mining companies, to ensure

 compliance with the directive.


Also, it noted that, all Licenced Small Scale Gold 

Miners and Community Mining Schemes (CMS)... 

were also to mandatorily sell their gold outputs

to the government, through PMMC, in support 

of the programme.


"All small scale gold mining licences and Community

 Mining Schemes (CMS) licences, shall include a 

clause mandating licensees to sell their gold 

to the government," the statement added.


The gold to be purchased by the Bank of Ghana 

and the PMMC, it said, would be at spot price 

with no discounts.


The directives, according to the statement, was in

 exercise of government's pre-emptory right under

 section 7 of the Minerals and Mining Act, 2006 

(Act 703), and the powers conferred on the

 Minister responsible for Mines, by 

section 100(1) of Act 703.


It asked the Minerals Commission and PMMC to work

 with all gold mining companies, both large and
 scale, to ensure strict compliance
with the directives.


The Vice President, Dr Mahamudu Bawumia, on

 Thursday, announced... on Facebook, that the 

country is developing a new strategy, that 

would see it purchase oil products using 

gold, rather than U.S. dollar reserves.


He stated that the decision was intended to address

 Ghana's declining foreign exchange reserves and 

the demand for dollars from oil importers, a 

situation that had drastically weakened 

the Ghana Cedi and driven up 

living expenses.


The Vice President said that since domestic vendors 

would no longer require foreign currency to import 

oil products --- using gold would prevent the 

exchange rate from directly impacting 

the cost of fuel or utilities.


The demand for foreign exchange by oil importers, in

 the face of dwindling foreign exchange reserves, he 

explained, results in the depreciation of the cedi 

and increases in the cost of living with higher 

prices for fuel, transportation, and utilities, 

among others.


"If we implement it as envisioned it will fundamentally

 change our balance of payments --- and significantly 

reduce the persistent depreciation of our currency

 with its associated increases in fuel, electricity, 

water, transport, and food prices.''


''This is because the exchange rate (spot or forward)

 will no longer directly enter the formula for the

 determination of fuel or utility prices since all

 the domestic sellers of fuel will no longer 

need foreign exchange, to import 

oil products.''


''If implemented as planned for the first quarter of 2023, 

the new policy will fundamentally change our balance

 of payments and significantly reduce the persistent

 depreciation of our currency," Dr Bawumia said.


Read the original article on Ghanaian Times.




Thousands celebrate return
Charles Blé Goudé
to Ivory Coast

November 27th, 12 midday



Charles Blé Goudé returned 

to Ivory Coast on Saturday.

Thousands of supporters... cheered on Saturday, 

the return to Ivory Coast of Charles Blé Goudé 

---- a key figure involved in the violence that 

followed the 2011 presidential elections.


Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara, who earlier 

this year pardoned his predecessor Laurent 

Gbagbo.... in the name of national

reconciliation, has approved

 the return.


"In reality - when I was told to come, it was frank, it 

was sincere. That is why I thank here in Yopougon, 

the Ivorian authorities for having facilitated (my

 return, ed.) among you. If I see you today, it is 

thanks to them", said Charles Blé Goudé in 

front of a crowd.


Addressing supporters in Abidjan, Blé Goudé, thanked

 the Ivorian authorities for facilitating his return, and 

said his "duty" is -- to "support the peace process".


"I have arrived.. I will gather all the information. In this

 same place, we will hold a political rally, where I will

 discuss all the issues. And, as the press is here,

 I ask them to come in a few weeks, to a big 

press conference where we will discuss 

all the issues, I mean all the issues", 

promised Blé Goudé.


The former right-hand man to ex-president Laurent

 Gbagbo was acquitted of crimes against humanity

 by the International Criminal Court, last year.







South Africans rally against 

the release of the killer of 

an anti-apartheid activist

November 27th, 10:03am



Protests outside the Constitutional Court

 in Johannesburg, on Saturday.


Supporters of South Africa's ruling party, the ANC, 

and South Africa's Communist Party, staged a 

protest outside the Constitutional Court in

Johannesburg, on Saturday.


The demonstrators protested against the announced

 release of the killer of anti-apartheid activist Chris

 Hani, shot dead in 1993.


"When I heard about the judgement to release Chris 

Hani’s killer I was disgusted. I was disappointed 

about our Constitutional Court’s decision - to 

release a right-wing racist - who is viewed

by right-wing movements in Poland.. who 

want to receive him - by the way - as 

a hero", denounced protester 

Lenin Mpesi.


Last Monday, the constitutional court announced 

the release of Janusz Walus, a 69 year old Polish

 immigrant with links to the Afrikaner far right.


"For the right-wingers who wanted to plunge our 

country into chaos, they killed comrade Chris 

Hani and those right-wingers were arrested 

and they didn’t tell the truth, that's why 

they remained in jail. That is why there 

is anger in the country today, when

 they are about to be released. 

And they have been released 

by the Constitutional Court" 

--- said Solly Mapaila, the

General Secretary of 

the South African 

Communist Party.


Janusz Walus was sentenced to death: 

but the abolition of the death penalty 

in 1994, commuted his sentence to 

life imprisonment.







Ethiopia: Govt Delivers

32,000 Mt Food, Over 

360,000 Litres of Fuel 

to Tigray Region

November 27th

Ethiopian News Agency 

(Addis Ababa)

(Pan-African News Wire)


Some 32,000 metric tons of food and over 360,000

 litres of fuel have been made accessible to Tigray

 region after the peace agreement between the

 Government of Ethiopia and the TPLF, the

 Disaster Risk Management Commission 



Following the peace agreement, the government has

 also intensified its efforts in making humanitarian 

aid widely accessible to northern Ethiopia, 

including Tigray region, and other areas.


Ethiopian Disaster Risk Management Commissioner 

Ambassdor Shiferaw Teklemariam told ENA that

 access to humanitarian aid continues to be 

widely distributed in Tigray region.


In keeping with the promise the government made

 in the Pretoria Peace Agreement, it is providing 

unlimited humanitarian aid for Tigray region.


In addition to using its own capabilities... the 

government is undertaking wide campaigns 

for humanitarian aid, by coordinating with 

international aid organizations, the

 commissioner added.


Accordingly, humanitarian aid is being made 

accessible through four corridors, including

 via Mekele and Shire airports.


Commissioner Shiferaw elaborated that after 

the peace agreement and up until yesterday, 

the government has provided humanitarian 

aid of 13,000 metric tons of grains and 

nutritious food.


Humanitarian aid organizations have also 

distributed 19,000 metric tons of food

 to Tigray region, he revealed.


According to him, the humanitarian aid sent 

to the region in the last few weeks will 

benefit more than 2 million people.


The commissioner further stated that over 

360,000 litres of fuel has also been sent

 to the region and neighboring regions.


The fuel that arrived at Mekelle will be used 

for the objective set through the World 

Food Program (WFP).


On the other hand, the government is making

 accessible medical supplies, water and 

sanitation as well as materials for

schools and local residents.


Humanitarian support from the government 

will continue to be strengthened, the 

commissioner said, adding that 

the government is working 

in coordination...  with 

partners and citizens.


In addition to the government's efforts in helping 

the people affected by conflict in various areas

 of the Amhara and Afar regions, the 

participation of the community is 

commendable - and needs to be 

strengthened, Shiferaw stated.


The commissioner, who stated that there are

 approximately... 5.3 million beneficiaries of

 humanitarian assistance in Tigray region, 

said 4.5 million are receiving support
 a regular basis.


Moreover... he stated that the government has

organized a coordinating committee - to help 

displaced citizens to return to their villages, 

& rehabilitate them in a sustainable manner.


Besides resuming regular services, preparations 

have been made to continue strengthening

 humanitarian support ...until citizens

 return to normal lives, the added.


Noting that the government has been working 

to mobilize the capability of aid organizations,

 he urges the Ethiopian Diaspora to support 

the effort.


Read the original article on ENA.




Electoral authorities in DRC

announce next presidential 


November 26th, 2:13pm



The electoral authorities in the DRC have announced

 on Saturday that the next presidential election will

 take place on December 20th next year.


Current president, Felix Tshisekedi, who succeeded

 Joseph Kabila in January 2019 in a controversial

 election, has already expressed his intention

 to run again.


Tshisekedi may be running against Martin Fayulu, 

who continues to claim that he won the 2018 

election and was denied victory.


Former Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo (2012-

2016) has also announced his intention to run.


According to the electoral authorities, 

insecurity remains the main challenge.


Violence is still present, particularly in the east, 

where armed groups, including the M23 rebels

 have recently seized large parts of land 

north of Goma, the provincial capital 

of North Kivu.


A mini-summit held this week in Luanda decided on 

a ceasefire from Friday evening, followed, within 

two days, by a withdrawal of the M23 from

 occupied areas.








Somalia makes gains

November 26th, 1:20pm




In Somalia, the government is engaged in an 

"all-out war" against al-Shebab extremists.


The new strategy, in place since July, has 

already led to some gains in two regions 

in central Somalia.


Since 2007, the al-Qaeda affiliated group 

has been fighting the government.


The new strategy unveiled by the new president, 

Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud, seeks to combine 

military operations with ideological and 

economic measures.


On the military front, since September the 

government has engaged the army and

 is also supporting clan militias in

 the fight against extremists.


On the ground, al-Shebab fighters have been 

carrying out a campaign of attacks against 

civilian targets in towns.


At the end of October, Somalia saw its deadliest

 attack since 2017, 121 were people killed and

 333 injured in a double car bombing in the

 capital, Mogadishu.




  Tribute paid to Aghostino Neto

 and Fidel Castro --- in Angola

by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado

November 25th, 1:34pm

 (Prensa Latina) 


Angolan and Cuban representatives on Friday 

praised their friendly ties, at a ceremony to 

pay tribute to Fidel Castro and Agostinho 

Neto, key figures of the revolutionary 

struggles of both peoples.


Six years after the death of the Commander-in-chief of

 Cubans, this ceremony on November 25th, recalled

 his friendship with the patriot, doctor, writer, and

 poet, who went down in history in this African 

nation as the first president of the republic.


The anniversary of Angola’s Independence coincides

 with the beginning of bilateral relations, which 

“started an era of brotherhood, cooperation, 

and heroism that has lived on until present

 times,” Cuban Ambassador in Luanda,

 Esther Armenteros said.


Fidel said about Neto, “He is the noblest man I have

 ever known,” the ambassador recalled and thanked

 the recent initiative by former Angolan students 

who graduated from Cuban schools, the 

Caimaneros, of organizing a campaign

 to send donations to Cuba, after 

Hurricane Ian.


The National Museum of Natural History... was the

 venue of the fórum, where Angolan historian and

 researcher, Fernando Jaime, gave a lecture on 

Cubans’ internationalist feat in Africa, Fidel’s 

thinking and life, and the unwavering 

brotherly ties.


He said that defending Cuba is like defending our own

 blood as no other people in the world has sacrificed

 themselves so much to defend another, as Cubans 

did in Angola, the scholar and secretary general 

of the Angola-Cuba Friendship Association said.


For our part, “we have done very little to dignify that

 friendship,” Jaime, who has done continuous 

militant solidarity work, with the Cuban 

Revolution for nearly 40 years...
and gratefully noted.


Venezuelan Ambassador to Angola Marlon Peña, other 

members of the diplomatic corps, members of the

 Caimaneros group and the Cuban community 

that resides here -- plus several Angolan 

State institutions, attended this event.




Africa: Oil Giants Eye 

South African Coasts 

as Fuel, Climate 

Crises Merge

November 25th 2022



Cape Town — French energy giant TotalEnergies is

 preparing to submit its final application for 

approval to drill up to five wells for oil or 

gas between Cape Town and Cape 

Agulhas, writes Liezl Human 

for GroundUp.


The application is one -- in a rush of offshore oil and gas

applications along South Africa's coast. This is part of

 a wider expansion by multinational companies into

 Africa --- as a recent report by environmental 

research group Urgewald, in partnership 

with dozens of organisations in Africa 

and Europe, shows.


TotalEnergies faces additional scrutiny, over the

 multibillion euro East African crude oil pipeline 

project which it has funded together with the 

China National Offshore Company (CNOC). 

The pipleline's development gained new 

significance following the Russian-

Ukranian War.


Russia's invasion.. prompted moves by many countries,

 to reduce their dependence on imports of Russian oil

 & gas. These shifts, combined with western oil and

 gas companies dumping their Russian interests,

 presented an opportunity to other petroleum-

producing countries.. albeit one tempered 

by actions to address the climate crisis. 


This has led governments and commentators to

 discuss African producers... as potential 

beneficiaries of Europe's supply gap, 

with talk of a "seismic shift"


Currently under construction, the East African Crude

 Oil Pipeline (EACOP) pipeline will transport oil

 hundreds of kilometres, from Uganda,
to a port 
in Tanzania. 


The U.S.-based Climate Accountability Institute (CAI)

 has warned -- EACOP will emit 379 million tonnes of

 carbon over its 25-year lifespan - a so-called "mid-

sized carbon bomb" --- that exceeds France's 

own national estimates for 2020.


A discussion between the Centre for Sustainability 

Transitions (CST) and The South African Institute 

of International Affairs (SAIIA) weighed in on 

...how this war could impact the transition 

away from fossil fuels amid the climate 

emergency and whether it will hasten 

the transition or not.


While the war may have provided a short term set

 back to global climate goals, it is likely that in 

the long run... it will accelerate the energy 

transition. If companies and nations are

 incentivised.. to adopt of a range of 

lower carbon energy sources, the

 transition could happen faster.


The oil giant's move also comes in the wake of a

 similar case.. involving an application by Shell 

which seeks to perform a seismic survey off 

the Wild Coast, despite a high court ruling 

which deemed the authorisation it 

initially received to do so, as 

being "unlawful".


Furthermore, non-profit organisation Save the Wild

Coast has called for the urgent protection of the

coastline in order to preserve numerous

archaeological, palaeontological 

and historic sites.







War in DRC's east: Demonstrators call out 

'international community's complicity'

November 25th, 11:32am



Hundreds of Congolese marched in Goma 

eastern DRC, on Thursday (November 24).


The demonstration took place one day after a 

meeting in Luanda where the DRC, Burundi, 

Rwanda as well as the East African 

Community envoy called for a 

cease-fire to take effect 

on Friday.


"I mean, we are satisfied with this agreement signed

 (ceasefire signed in Angola on Wednesday), but we

 are still pessimistic about its implementation, 

especially since this is not the first 

agreement', Jean Claude 

Mbambaze, president

 of the civil society 

of Rutshuru said.


"There have been many summits, but the 

decisions have not been implemented."


After the summit in Angola, the participants released 

a statement calling for a cease-fire to begin Friday

 evening in eastern Congo, followed by a rebel

 withdrawal from the major towns it holds - 

Bunagana, Rutshuru and Kiwanja.


Some protesters carried banners in support of the

Congolese armed forces, who are fighting M23 

rebels. Other placards were hostile to the 

recent agreement. 


Demonstrators marched to the 

French and British consulates.


"We do not understand, when there are rebels who call

 themselves Congolese - they ask for negotiations, and

 it's Rwanda and Uganda who represent them. That is 

why we protest about this complicity, And there is a
notorious silence of the international community,
EAC (East African Countries bloc), the
African Union ----- 
all are accomplices",
demonstrator Jack Sizahera


The protestors delivered a letter to both French and

 British consulates with grievances: including an 

end to the international community's 

ambiguous response, in the face 

of the M23 aggression.


"We demand the international community - as a whole

 - to ask the Rwandan and Ugandan heads of state to

 urgently withdraw their fighters camouflaged under

 the label of M23/RDF/UPDF (rebel groups)", John

 Banyene, the president of the civil society of 

Nord-Kivu, read out.


Adding, we demand the international community 

"sanction Rwanda and Uganda --- for their 

aggression against DRC for more than
25 years".


In August, U.N. experts said they had "solid evidence"

 that members of Rwanda's armed forces backed the

 M23 rebels. Kigali denied the allegations.




Mozambican President 

Inaugurates Major

 FLNG Venture

November 24th,



"Mozambique joins the list of countries that 

produce gas on a large scale," Nyusi said.


On Wednesday, Mozambican President Filipe 

Nyusi inaugurated the Coral Sul Floating 

Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) venture in 

the city of Pemba in the province of 

Cabo Delgado.


The inauguration marks the official kick-off of the

 project's full-swing operation, although earlier 

this month the president already announced 

the export of the first cargo of FLNG 

produced by the venture.


The event means a renewed stage of emancipation of

 the country's economy. "Mozambique joins the list of

 countries that produce gas on a large scale," Nyusi 

said, inviting investors to choose his country as 

a destination.


In the coming years, there may be a global increase in

 demand for Mozambican gas, and an increase in the

 consumption of renewable energy is also expected. 


The Nyusi administration will continue to work for

 better wealth distribution, and 10 percent of the

 natural resource tax revenues will be allocated 

to the development of provinces where the 

extraction takes place.


"The resources allocated should be used exclusively

to finance infrastructure projects and programs that

have a multiplier effect on the local economy," Nyusi 

said, adding that his administration should reinforce

the Defense and Security Forces -- to improve 

security in the exploration zones of mineral

resources for better viability of the projects.


The Coral Sul FLNG project approved in 2016 is a

 benchmark for the national industry. The Italian

 Eni is the operator of the project with a 25%

stake. The other partners are ExxonMobil 

(25%), CNPC (20%), Mozambique's ENH 

(10%), the Korean Kogas (10%), and 

Galp from Portugal (10%).




Namibia pulls down statue

 of German coloniser

November 24th, 1:35pm



The authorities in Namibia's capital Windhoek

on Wednesday, took down and relocated
statue of a controversial German 

colonial officer after pressure 

from local activists.


The monument commemorated Curt von Francois, a 

German army commissioner who has been credited

 with founding Windhoek -- something local 

campaigners and historians dispute.


The statue, which stood on a high pedestal outside

 municipal buildings, depicted von Francois in a 

military uniform with a moustache, a large 

hat, and holding a sword.


"This moment is a recollection of dignity, our city 

has been white-washed," Hildegard Titus, an 

activist with the A Curt Farewell movement 

that pushed for the statue's removal, 

told AFP.


"There is an emotional tie to the statue
being taken 
down but it also has to do
with historical accuracy".


The city council said the statue... 

which A Curt Farewell described 

as "a reminder of genocide" 

...will now be kept at the 

Windhoek City Museum.


There --- it will be displayed with an explanation 

of the historical context, said Aaron Nambadi,
a curator at the museum.


"We, as historians and curators, were involved 

in this project to correct the false narrative

 that von Francois was the founder of

 the city," Nambadi told AFP.


Germany colonised Namibia from 1884 to 1915.


From 1904 to 1908, German settlers killed tens

 of thousands of indigenous Herero and Nama 

people in massacres historians have called 

the 20th century's first genocide.


Germany acknowledged the genocide 

last year, after lengthy, bitter 



It promised more than one billion euros ($1 billion)

 in financial support to descendants of the 

victims, whom many Namibians argue 

were not sufficiently involved in 

the negotiations.


Last month Namibia asked to 

renegotiate the terms of

the agreement.


The removal of von Francois' statue, comes two years

 after the statue of Cecil Rhodes, a British colonialist,

 was beheaded by activists at the University of Cape

 Town in neighbouring South Africa, during protests 

sparked by the death of George Floyd.





Nigeria: Presidential hopeful Peter 

Obi ---- holds a campaign rally

November 24th, 12:23pm



Presidential hopeful, and chosen Labour Party

candidate, Peter Obi, held a campaign rally

Wednesday (Nov 23rd) in Ibadan, south 

west Nigeria.


Large crowds gathered in the Oyo state 

capital to attend the electoral meeting.


Ahead of the February 2023 vote...  Obi 

pledged to bring about positive change.


"Let me assure you --- the government we intend 

to form will be building a new Nigeria, it will be 

beginning a Nigeria --- where Nigerians will be 

proud to say we are Nigerians, because we 

will secure and unite Nigeria."


There was a voter base of 84,004,084 for the 

2019 election and the electoral commission 

hoped to add at least 20 million new voters.


Insecurity, the economy and the fight against 

corruption, will be key election factors.


"Both of us, we will fight corruption, corruption is

 killing the future of the youth of Nigeria because

 people are stealing money that could be used to

 develop Nigeria. I and Baba-Ahamed - go and 

check our history - we are wealth creators," 

Obi told the cheering crowds.


Seventeen other candidates are running for the top

 job, including Bola Tinubu of the All Progressives

 Congress party and Rabiu Kwankwaso of the 

New Nigeria Peoples Party.






Zimbabwe: President calls for 

peace ------ ahead of elections

November 24th, 10:26am



On Wednesday (Nov 23), Zimbabwean president

Emmerson Mnangagwa, officially opened the 

Fifth Session of the Ninth Parliament 

of Zimbabwe.


He delivered his State of the Nation address in a 

newly built Parliament. The multimillion-dollar 

building was gifted by the Asian economic 

giant, China.


Mnangagwa called for peace  .....as the 

country prepares for general elections.


"Political players seeking the people’s mandate 

during the upcoming 2023 harmonized general 

elections, must maintain and consolidate the 

current peace, unity, harmony, and love that 

we have built."


In late October, Zimbabwe's ruling party, ZANU-PF, 

endorsed the president as the sole party 

candidate ahead of next year's polls. 


80-year-old, Emmerson Mnangagwa, came to power in

 2017 after toppling long-time ruler Robert Mugabe 

in a coup backed by the army.


Speaking before lawmakers, Mnangagwa 

also reiterated calls for an end to 

economic sanctions.


"The need for the unconditional removal of sanctions

 which have constrained socio-economic growth

 for decades remains urgent and imperative,"

 he urged.


The UN Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of

 unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of

 human rights, issued a report in October,

 recommending:--- the "lifting unilateral 

sanctions in line with the principles 

of international law". 


As well as "avoiding de-risking policies and ...over 

compliance in accordance with the due diligence 

rule; and engaging in meaningful structured 

discussions on political reform, the rule 

of law and human rights."




UNHCR urges to support 

humanitarian actions

 in Ethiopia

by Ana Luisa Brown

November 22nd, 3:39pm

(Prensa Latina)


 The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 

on Tuesday urged international institutions 

to complement government efforts in 

confronting the humanitarian crisis

 in northern Ethiopia.


A report by Fana Broadcasting Corporate television

 revealed that UNHCR’s representative in Ethiopia

 Mamadou Dian Balde urged UN agencies and 

partners but also addressed the appeal to 

all developed nations and to

regional organizations.


Many citizens required assistance to meet basic

 needs, and major reconstruction work is

 urgently needed.


The government is making significant efforts,

but needs help to speed up humanitarian 

and recovery operations, Balde stated.


Health, education, housing, water and sanitation

 needs of residents in the border areas of Tigray, 

Afar and Amhara states are enormous and 

require our attention, he said.


Balde explained that UNHCR in charge of protecting

 refugees and displaced people ‘works so close with

 federal authorities and maintains teams in several

 cities in the three regions’.


UNHCR is ready to increase aid and support the

 government’s efforts, but needs the support of 

the international community, he reiterated.


We support the African Union-led peace process.







Egypt calls to eradicate conflicts 

and achieve stability in Africa

by Alina Ramos Martin

November 22nd, 1:15pm

 (Prensa Latina)


 Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi called on

 Africans to work together to achieve stability 

and put an end to conflicts, considering that 

these are two of the main problems that the

 region is facing today.


In a message on the occasion of the 2nd African Union

 Week, the president assured that Egypt is making

 sincere efforts to support peace in the continent.


He affirmed that the day highlights the attention

 devoted by all parties --- to the problems of 

development and reconstruction in Africa.


These events coincide with various challenges 

and crises taking place at the regional and

 international levels, he warned.


El Sisi stressed the need to strengthen joint efforts to

 support national institutions, the principles of good

 governance, and the means to ensure lasting

 peace and prevent conflicts in the region.


As part of our efforts, we collaborate to achieve the

 objectives of the 2063 Agenda, whose goal is

 to achieve inclusive and sustainable 

socioeconomic development in 

Africa, he concluded.





Nigerian Forces Rescue 76

 Kidnapped People in Kaduna

November 22nd, 12:20pm 



Last week, gunmen wielding sophisticated weapons

 blocked a road with roadblocks in the Giwa local 

government area to abduct commuters.


On Monday, the Nigerian police said that security

 forces have recently rescued 76 travellers after

 they were abducted by unidentified gunmen 

from their truck, on a road in the restive 

northern state of Kaduna.


Mohammed Jalige, a police spokesperson in Kaduna

 State, said that the police received a report on 

Friday night, saying many gunmen wielding

 sophisticated weapons blocked a road 

with roadblocks in the Giwa local 

government area, to abduct

 innocent commuters.


"A combined team of police and military was

 immediately mobilized to the location," 

Jalige said, adding that on reaching 

the location, security operatives 

found a truck, with no one on 

board... and "information 

garnered indicated that 

the gunmen had moved 

a large number of 

passengers on 

the truck... off 

the road."


Security forces immediately launched a search and

 rescue operation into the adjoining forest, and 

encountered the gunmen during the process.


"Due to the sheer force of firepower and pressure

 mounted on them by security operatives --- they 

were forced to abandon their nefarious mission 

and flee with injuries," he said, adding that 76 

people held by the gunmen were rescued and

 a preliminary investigation, revealed that

 they were passengers on the truck.


Jalige said operatives are still operating within the

 general area, in search of the truck driver and two

 other passengers who are yet to be accounted for.


Armed attacks have been a primary security threat in

 parts of Nigeria, resulting in deaths and kidnappings.




Mali bans NGOs funded 

or supported by France

November 22nd, 11:43am



The Malian junta announced on Monday evening that 

it would ban the activities of all non-governmental

 organizations financed or supported by France,

 including those operating in the 

humanitarian field.


This decision is likely to affect many NGOs that 

France has continued to support despite the 

abrupt deterioration in relations between

 the two countries for more than a year.


The interim Prime Minister, Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga, 

justified the decision in a statement posted on social

 networks, by the recent announcement by France, 

that it had suspended its official development 

assistance to Mali.


The French Foreign Ministry had cited the use of 

the Russian paramilitary group, Wagner, by the

Malian authorities.


The junta, which came to power by force in August

2020 ---- has consistently denied having used this

company. It speaks of Russian army instructors
deployed in the name of a former collaboration
between the two countries.


The Quai d'Orsay had specified that France

 maintained its "humanitarian aid" and 

some support to Malian civil 

society organizations.


Colonel Maiga denounced in his statement, "fanciful 

allegations" and a "subterfuge intended to deceive 

and manipulate national and international public

 opinion for the purpose of the destabilization 

and isolation of Mali.''


"As a result, the transitional government has decided

 to ban, with immediate effect, all activities carried

 out by NGOs operating in Mali with funding or with

 material or technical support from France, 

including in the humanitarian field," 

it said.


A multitude of NGOs are working in Mali in the fields 

of health, food or education. The poor, landlocked

 country has been facing the spread of jihadism 

and violence of all kinds since 2012, but also 

a serious political and humanitarian crisis. 

Hundreds of thousands of people are 

displaced by the conflict.


Since May 2021 and a second coup d'état that

consolidated their grip, the colonels have 

turned away from France, which was 

pushed out and whose last soldier

left the country, in August. The 

colonels have turned militarily 

and diplomatically to Moscow.


A group of NGOs, including CCFD Terre-Solidaire, 

Handicap International, Médecins du Monde, 

and Oxfam, had expressed concern about 

France's suspension of its aid.


Recipients of a large part of this funding, these NGOs

said in a letter to President Emmanuel Macron that 

the withdrawal of such funding would lead to "the

 cessation of essential, even vital activities for 

the benefit of populations in situations of 

great fragility or poverty."


They pointed out, that 7.5 million Malians are 

in need of assistance, "or more than 35% of 

the population".. and that Mali was ranked 

184th on the Human Development Index.







The Ivory Coast and Ghana

note progress ---- in making

buyers pay cocoa premiums

November 22nd, 10:49am



Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world's two largest 

cocoa producers noted on Monday, "efforts" by 

some manufacturers, to better pay producers, 

after giving them an ultimatum, earlier 

this month.


In a joint statement, the national cocoa management

 bodies of the two countries, as well as the Ivory

 Coast-Ghana Cocoa Initiative (CIGCI), created 

to guarantee a minimum income to farmers... 

"noted the efforts made by some companies

--- and their willingness to find solutions 

together for a sustainable production 

of cocoa that places producers at

 the heart of this strategy.''


They "encourage all manufacturers to take action

 and show that they sincerely believe in 

sustainable cocoa production".


For several weeks, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana

 reproached the chocolate manufacturers 

for not paying the decent income 

differential (DRD) - a premium of 

400 dollars (390 euros) per ton, 

introduced in 2019 - to ensure 

a decent income for farmers.


They had given the industry until November 20th

 to meet their commitments, threatening to "ban

 access to plantations to make crop forecasts" 

and "suspend sustainability programs.''


These programs, aimed at fighting deforestation and 

child labour, allow manufacturers to claim that their

 chocolate is sustainably produced, a criterion 

often favored by consumers.


But Monday, the producer countries announced to

 continue discussions, and the establishment of 

"a working group of experts" who will provide

 "recommendations by the end of the first 

quarter of 2023...'' to find 

sustainable solutions.


Questioned on the subject at a press conference,

 Ivorian Prime Minister, Patrick Achi, hoped that 

an "intelligent compromise" would be found.


"The solution is to process 100% of our cocoa" in

 Côte d'Ivoire, he continued. Currently, about a 

quarter of Ivorian cocoa is processed locally.


Ivory Coast's cocoa, which accounts for 45% of 

global production, accounts for 14% of the 

country's GDP and feeds 24% of the 

population of this country of 

about 27 million people.


Côte d'Ivoire is also considered a major
destination for child trafficking
neighboring countries, to work on
its crops.


Many farm families still face persistent poverty 

on less than a dollar a day, a situation that is

 one of the factors contributing to child 

labour on cocoa farms.


But according to Matthias Lange, executive director 

of the International Cocoa Initiative (ICI), a Swiss

 foundation created by the chocolate industry 

to fight child labour, "a lot of progress has

 been made."


Mr. Lange praised the establishment of the Child 

Labour Monitoring and Remediation System 

(CLMS), "a mechanism that has reduced 

child labour by 35% in three years and 

has helped remove several tens of 

thousands of children from the 

plantations," he said.







Burkina Faso: 30,000 

new army auxiliaries

 to fight terrorism

November 22nd, 9:53am



People from all walks of life... are signing up to 

join Burkina Faso's new volunteer programme

 in Ouagadougou.


At this military processing station in Ouagadougou,

 men with different backgrunds enrol in Burkina 

Faso's new volunteer programme. 


The nation, grappling with a jihadist insurgency 

which has continually extended its deadly grip, 

called for civilian backup in October.


"Considering what is happening to my nation, we 

have lost our land, as a butcher I have made 

many trips but I can no longer travel", 

Ablassé Kaboré explains.


"And I have lost too many friends...  I have friends 

who used to pan for gold in the bush to the east, 

all of them have returned to Ouagadougou and 

others are dead... when I speak I feel like

crying even...  I am ready to die for

my country."


Burkina Faso launched a drive to recruit 50,000

 civilian defense volunteers. Among them, the 

volunteers for the defense of the homeland. 


These men and women are on a mission to protect 

the people & property of their localities of origin,

 alongside the defense and security forces.


"We women have our strategies, it is like a family, 

the nation is your home, it is your house", 

Edwige Nikiéma says. 


"How can you make your house, your home, a

 success? We mustn't expose our strategies 

or people can exploit them! no! We have
 strategies, the men also have their 

strategies, we are all here to 

defeat terrorism."


Jihadi violence has killed thousands of people since

 2015. The last elected president was deposed 

after he faced a wave of anger over the 

insurgency. According to professor 

Zakaria Soré, the army is 

adjusting its tactics, to

 swell its ranks.


"The reality of the country is that the army and other 

security and defense forces are not able to cover 

the entire territory, so when we look at it, there 

is a networking problem that means that there 

is a lot of territory that is not covered by the 

defense and security forces, so recruiting 

50,000 volunteers means hoping to have 

a few fighting forces throughout the 

country", the socio-anthropologist 

and research professor at Joseph

 Ki-Zerbo University, details.


Enlistment officially ended on November 18th

and more than 30,000 people registered, 

according to the government data.


The volunteers receive 14 days of civic and 

military training before being armed and 

provided with means of communication.



 Mali: 150,000 displaced children 

have no legal identity (NGO)

November 21st, 2:07pm



The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has said that

nearly 150,000 children displaced by the conflict in 

Mali, do not have birth certificates and are at risk 

of exclusion and disenfranchisement, because

 they cannot prove their identity.


"Thousands of children are excluded from society

 when they should be in school," said Maclean

 Natugasha, NRC's director for Mali, in a 

statement released by the NGO 

to AFP.


These 148,000 children are among the 422,620 people

displaced by the war in Mali.... according to ''august''

figures, from a joint UN and Malian monitoring tool.


In this country of about 20 million people, 7.5 million

 people are in need of emergency humanitarian

 assistance, according to the UN.


These 148,000 children have either lost their birth 

certificates when they fled their homes or "never 

had them because of the limited functioning of 

civil registry services in some regions", says

 the NRC.


Since 2012, Mali has been in the grip of a security

 crisis that has left thousands dead and of which

 civilians are the main victims. The state has 

only a limited presence in the vast bush 

where jihadist fighters affiliated to Al-

Qaeda and the Islamic State, bandits

 and traffickers of all kinds -- armed 

militias & politico-military groups 

that have signed a peace 

agreement -- are active.


If this problem of civil status "is not resolved before

 these children reach adulthood", the NRC warns, 

"they risk being deprived of their freedom of

 movement, the right to vote, and the 

possibility to own or rent property".







Kenyan, Congolese presidents,

 holds talks in Kinshasa

November 21st, 2:02pm



Kenyan President William Ruto says a new East

 African Community force will ‘impose’ peace 

on the warring groups in the eastern 

Democratic Republic of Congo.


He was speaking after holding talks with his

 Congolese counterpart, Felix Tshisekedi, 

while on a one-day official visit to the 

DRC amid efforts to try to bring 

peace to the country.


‘There are a lot of (UN) peacekeeping troops in 

the region,’ he said, ‘but we think there is

 not much peace to keep.’


Ruto suggested that the East African troops would 

be more forceful, saying the regional force would

 ‘impose peace on those who are hellbent on 

creating instability’.


Contributing troops


Kenya is one of several nations that are contributing

troops, tasked with trying to calm deadly tensions

 fuelled by armed groups..  in the troubled eastern

 DRC. The region has been plagued by violence --

 from multiple armed groups for nearly 30 years.


The first of over 900 Kenyan soldiers have already

 arrived in Goma, the capital of North Kivu, which

 is under threat from an offensive by M23 rebels.

The largely Congolese Tutsi militia has seized 

large swathes of territory in the region.


Ruto and Tshisekedi were also expected to discuss

 various other areas of mutual interest, including 

trade and investments, and regional integration.







Kenya: Konza Technopolis, 

the new green city tackling

 crowded populations

November 21st, 11:54am



With urbanisation, Kenya's capital population has

 grown rapidly, doubling over the last 20 years.

 In 2019, nearly 4.5 million people lived 

in Nairobi.


This population density means that buildings have 

been built very close to each other. For this 

supermarket manager, it's a problem.


"The building is quite big and we have to use the

 electricity throughout the day, because we can 

not manage to do anything here without lights. 

So, when the power is out, we opt to turn on 

the generator because that is an immediate 

alternative that we have and we can't use

 the solar panels because the building 

here is much too congested," says

 Samuel Mburu.


Over-population has led to the creation of many new

 satellite neighbourhoods that sprawl around the

 capital with very little planning, or regulation. 

The density of buildings means natural light 

struggles to reach residents -- who have
 turn on the lights most of the day.


"Here where I live, there is a problem with light, even 

if you open the window it does not let the light in

 because of the congestion. There is a problem 

when it rains because we don't collect rain-

water, we use borehole water and there is 

a problem with sewage," says Angela 

Mutuku, a Nairobi resident.


Rainwater is left to run down the streets, causing 

floods and overwhelming sewage systems. One 

of the solutions being considered is to build 

satellite cities from scratch, with the 

environment in mind.


One such project ----- already under 

construction is Konza Technopolis.


Just 64 kilometres (40 miles) south of Nairobi, the

 upcoming smart city is supported by the Kenyan

 government with architectural designs that 

factor in rainwater collection and its

utilisation, as well as the use
solar power.


According to the developers, affordable residential

 homes, universities and student accommodation 

will be built in the new city ---- as well as 

commercial buildings, technology 

hubs, offices, hotels... and 

entertainment centres.


The city will occupy 5,000 acres and will be developed

 in four phases. Phase one - covering 400 acres - is

 estimated to create 12,960 residential units 

housing about 30,000 residents.


Developers say the housing project will cater for both

 ends of the market through provision of affordable

 housing units, although the majority will be 

targeted towards professional middle-

income families.


For sustainability, construction materials used in the

 city must be green with low embodied energy. The

 technopolis has set aside green spaces - and 

adopts green building practices geared at 

reducing greenhouse gas emissions.. 

within the city and ensuring a clean 

environment, a sustainable use of 

water, clean, efficient renewable 

energy, clean sanitation and 

waste management.


Announced in 2008, the city was expected to be

 completed by 2019. According to promotional 

material still available on its website it was 

set to contribute $1.3 billion to Kenya's 

GDP by 2020.


Running behind schedule, the developers of the

 project are not losing hope, and are going all

 in on eco-friendly features.


This building features double-glazed windows, solar

 panels, smart lighting, sensored toilet flushes and

 rainwater collection.


"For ensuring that water is consumed adequately,
we ensure that the buildings are designed with

 sensors in the flushing of toilets and also in 

the washing of hands. For this... we also 

encourage water harvesting; especially 

during rainy seasons we have storage 

tanks under there, so that you can 

pump them up -- and they can be 

used for the flushing of toilets," 

explains Beryl Omollo... 

the environmental and 

sustainability officer, 

Konza Technopolis.


The developers are fully aware of the environmental 

cost of building these offices and encourage to 

source as many materials as possible locally.


"In construction, there is so much material that are

 produced in terms of waste... I can give you an

 example, there is a lot of timber that is used 

for shuttering for use for construction of the

scaffolding. Our approach to ensure that is

 sustainable: we have the multiple use of a 

simple resource such as timber. So that 

rather than using it for a single use, it 

is reused for a different application, 

as mentioned. In doing so, you find 

that we do not have to go and cut 

additional trees... for different 

applications of timber used

 in construction.'' 


''Other waste that is generated at Konza is segregated

 primarily for recycling," says Antony Sang, engineer

 and chief manager of construction operations, 

Konza Technopolis.


Real estate contributes up to 30 percent of global

 greenhouse gas emissions, according to the 

United Nations Environmental Programme.


"We look at the building through its entire life cycle

 from the design, construction, to the use of the

 building and the demolition," says Nickson 

Otieno, architect and environmental 

design consultant, Niko Green.


"All those phases... of the development of the built

 environment have an impact on the environment.

 So we are looking at the impacts serrated to

 extraction of materials, manufacturing, 

transporting these materials... and 

putting them up in the building.'' 


''They contribute to environmental degradation if not

 properly managed, and we use a lot of energy to be

 able to extract, process materials, and use them 

in the building. And depending on which type of 

energy is used, that energy used in the 

processing of materials and 

construction contributes 

significantly... to 

climate change."


The Kenyan government allocated $73,840,680 this

 financial year (2022), towards the development of

 Konza city. The project also received a $6 million

 grant from South Korea in March to help fund the

 Kenya Advanced Institute of Science and 

Technology (KAIST) planned for the site.


Neighbourhoods like Konza which are planned from

 the outset, to allow for energy efficiency, space 

and quality of life are very rare, but the Kenya

 government says it wants to build more.







French-speaking nations summit

 ends in Tunisia as block seeks 

to step up leadership

November 21st, 11:52am



The world's French-speaking leaders gathered 

in Tunisia, ended Sunday (November 20th),

their two-day meeting.


The conference took place against the backdrop of

growing instability in the Sahel, the Great Lakes

regions ------ and popular discontent in 

francophone Africa.


The secretary general of the International 

Organisation of La Francophonie (IOF) 

was elected for a second term. She 

promised to do more to 

resolve crises.


"We are headed towards a Francophonie of the future,

 modernised, much more relevant in the midst of 

change which is not easy", Louise 

Mushikiwabo said. 


"We feel an obligation to offer our fellow Francophones

 the fruits of the organisation's work. We feel an

 obligation to give more hope to 

Francophone youth."


The head of the 88-member IOF bloc, said Sunday 

that "all the conflict zones were the subject of 

long debates".


"The IOF is an organisation that can support and

 catalyse (efforts) to mediate between parties

 in conflict," she added.


But tensions crept into the International Organisation

 of La Francophonie (IOF) conference itself.. when the

 Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo,

 Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde --- refused to pose for a 

photo next to Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda.


The DRC accuses Rwanda of supporting M23 rebels

 who have seized swathes of territory in its eastern

 region, displacing tens of thousands of people and

 igniting regional tensions.


The IOF founded was in 1970, aims to promote the

 French language, develop economic cooperation 

and help mediate international conflicts.


Many African leaders have expressed dismay at the

 West's rapid response to the war in Ukraine, in

 contrast to conflicts in their own countries.


The organisation --- whose annual budget is under 100 

million euros, has been accused of being "powerless" 

in the face of fraudulent elections, power grabs and 

coups in many of its member states.


French president, Macron, said the IOF should reclaim

 its diplomatic role, moments before Paris announced

 that it would seek to take on the organisation's

 rotating presidency, from 2024.




COP27 agrees 'loss and damage' deal 

to support vulnerable nations

by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP

November 20th, 8:42am



The United Nations COP27 climate summit has

 approved the creation of a special fund to 

cover the damages suffered by vulnerable 

nations affected by global warming.


The two-week talks have switched from fears 

the whole process could collapse, to hopes 

of a major breakthrough on a fund for 

climate "loss and damage".


Delegates applauded after the fund was adopted 

early on Sunday November 20th, following days 

of marathon negotiations over the proposal.


Senior Coordinator of the African Group on Loss 

and Damage, Alpha Kaloga, said it was an 

important step.


"Today is a symbolic day, it is a symbolic day 

in terms of the impact that this decision will

have on the future. 


"Developing countries have been fighting for 30 years

 to have a fund, to have recognition of the losses and

 damages associated with climate change. 


"Today, in the morning, when I left [the hotel] at 2am, 

I didn't think we were going to get this deal. And 

there was understanding from everyone. The

deal we have, is a deal that reflects the 

collective will of all the countries."


An informal coalition of "high ambition" countries

 called for strong language on cutting emissions, 

moving away from planet-heating fossil fuels 

and to reaffirm the 1.5C goal.


The European Union even threatened, Saturday, 

to walk out, rather than having a "bad" decision.


The talks still need to approve a range of decisions

 and a final COP27 statement including a call for a

 "rapid" reduction of emissions in order to meet 

the ambitious goal of limiting global warming

 to 1.5 degrees Celsius.... from 

pre-industrial levels.


Tasneem Essop from the Climate Action Network said: 

"It is a huge achievement to get an agreement to 

establish loss and damage fund after 30 years 

of small island states vulnerable countries, 

developing countries, trying to get this on

 the agenda. Now, sitting here at the 

COP27 to get this agreed to, is the

 result of a collective struggle."


Zambia's Minister of Green Economy and Environment,

 Collins Nzovu: "Collins Nzovu, added: "Excited. Very,

 very excited. This is a very positive result from 1.3

 billion Africans. Very exciting because for us, 

success in Egypt was going to be based on 

what we get from loss and damage."


The deal on loss and damage originally 

struggled to make it onto the

 negotiation agenda.


Attention now turns to ----- whether the 

summit will agree on a final statement.


Scientists say limiting warming to 1.5C 

is a far safer guardrail --- against 

catastrophic climate impacts, 

with the world currently far 

off track and heading for 

around 2.5C.. under the

current commitments 

and plans.




Cocoa producers demand 

promised payment of 

bonuses amid

 rising prices

by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP

November 19th, 2:46pm



The two largest cocoa producers in the world 

are demanding manufacturers pay more to

 their growers.


The argument focuses on the Living Income

 Differential, a policy that Ivory Coast and 

Ghana introduced in 2019, to fight 

poverty among cocoa farmers 

in the global $130-billion 

chocolate market.


Venance Brou Kouadio is a cocoa producer.  He says: 

"The cocoa you ask for, is made for you. But you
 buy it for the price you have to
pay for it.'' 


"The premiums you have to give us --- we don't receive

 them, so it's like stealing. You steal from us. The big

 groups steal from us. They don't respect the 

contract and they don't respect us, they 

don't respect the farmers."


Cocoa farmer, Julien Kouamé Konan, agrees. 


"The Westerners who come to buy 

cocoa - are getting rich," he says.


"Meanwhile, we are suffering. We earn nothing. We

 suffer, cultivating the fields, that's why we ask

 the government to help us"


Farmers should receive around 6 percent of the value

 generated by the chocolate market but, while the

 cost has been factored into the price of the 

chocolate, chocolate giants are clawing 

that back --- by putting pressure on 

other premiums, based on the 

quality of cocoa beans.


If the multinationals do not respect their commitments

 by November 20th, the two countries are threatening 

to "prohibit access to plantations to carry out 

crop forecasts" and to "suspend 

sustainability programmes."


Appoline Yao Ahou is cocoa producer and says: "I am

 angry. I am angry because farmers are working, but

 when the government sets the price per kilo of 

cocoa, the buyers on the ground do not 

respect that price.''


"As farmers, we don't earn enough money 

- while the cost of living has increased."


Virtually all of Ivory Coast's crop is purchased 

by roughly half a dozen majors. Of this, 

around 80 percent heads to Europe.







UN secures deal with Moscow 

to secure grain supplies

 to West Africa

by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP

November 19th, 12:22pm



United Nations officials announced on Friday, the 18th
November, a second shipment of Russian fertiliser will
go to West Africa after a first attempt was blocked in
European ports, because of sanctions imposed due 

to the conflict in Ukraine.


The move follows talks between Moscow and the UN .


Secretary General of UN's trade and development

agency, UNCTAD, Rebeca Grynspan... told 

journalists:  "There are around 300,000 

tonnes of fertiliser in the different 

European ports.''


"The first shipping will get out of a Netherlands port

going to Malawi, the vessel is loading right now. 

And the date that has been established for the 

vessel to go, is on the 21st of November, to 

Malawi, through Mozambique."


As part of the implementation of the two agreements,

signed on July 22nd in Istanbul to ensure unhindered 

access to food and fertilisers from Ukraine and 

Russia,  the WFP earlier announced, it would 

facilitate the donation of 260,000 tonnes of 

fertiliser by the Russian fertiliser company 

Uralchem-Uralkali, to the neediest 

countries in Africa, with Malawi 

as its first destination.


Grynspan added: "Beyond Malawi, with the help 

again with the donation from Uralchem/Uralkali,

the intervention of WFP, and the help of the 

World Bank and France, we hope, that the 

next destination of the fertilisers will be 

West Africa. That has been very 

affected by the affordability 

crisis of fertilisers."


Agricultural products and fertilisers do not fall under

the sanctions against Russia, but because of the

risks linked to the conflict in the Black Sea, 

shipowners no longer wanted to hire out
ships, because they could not 

find insurance.


After intensive discussions, Russia and the UN have
established a framework for insurance, financial
transactions, and other matters, which is 

compatible.... with the three existing 

sanctions systems (the US, UK and

EU) put in place, following the 

Russian invasion of Ukraine 

on February the 24th.


Last week, the Black Sea Grain Initiative, signed on 

July 22nd, between Turkey, Ukraine, Russia and the 

UN allowing Ukrainian grain exports from Ukrainian 

ports, was extended for 120 days, from November

the 19th.




Russia and Mozambique, to 

sign economic cooperation

 program, says ministry

November 18th, 3:27pm (TASS)


Russia and Mozambique, will sign a program for

economic and scientific-technical cooperation 

in 2023-2026, according to a statement 

released by Russia’s Economic 

Development Ministry, Friday,

after a meeting of the inter-

governmental commission, 

between the two countries 

on economic & scientific

-technical cooperation.


"Following the meeting it was decided to develop 

a program for economic and scientific-technical

 cooperation between Russia and Mozambique

 in 2023-2026 shortly," the statement reads.


During the meeting the parties discussed the 

current state of trade-economic cooperation, 

as well as outlined the ways of further 

cooperation in the areas of energy, 

and geology, industry, agriculture, 

education, and sports...  as well 

as information-communication





 Tunisians protest over 
Sfax garbage crisis

November 18th, 10:44am



Over 1,000 people demonstrated in Tunisia's second

city, Sfax, on Thursday, amid an ongoing trash crisis 

exacerbated by a landfill fire polluting the city's air.


Rubbish has been piling up in the streets of Sfax for

 months, as available dump sites reach capacity 

with local residents forced to burn their 

own refuse.


Protestors, including refuse collectors, gathered in

 front of the provincial government headquarters

 chanting: "Sfax is forgotten, rubbish is eating

 it in every street".


They demanded the resignation of Sfax's governor

 Fakher Fakhfakh, who the previous day attempted

 to play down the dangers of a landfill fire near the

 city's port.


On Wednesday, he called on residents not to 

talk about the fire, threatening to arrest

 those responsible.


"It's a bit of smoke that we have to put up with, and

 thank God because it could have been worse," he

 said. "Help us with your silence".


Social media users had posted images of thick smoke

 covering the port area, prompting Fakhfakh to call for

 Facebook to be shut down in Sfax and say that

 people had "false information that is harming

 the country's economy".


Sfax, a key economic hub with a million residents, has 

seen a string of protest movements since 2021, over

 trash in the streets and on pavements.


In November 2021, a general strike paralysed the city

 as authorities reopened a controversial toxic landfill

 site in nearby Agareb. A 35-year-old man died of 

tear gas suffocation... during a protest.


President Kais Saied, who froze parliament and seized

 near-total power in July 2021, has vowed to resolve

 the situation, but residents say little has changed.


On Wednesday, Saied ordered Environment Minister

 Leila Chikhaoui to "take immediate action" to 

solve the crisis.


Tunisia's household waste is mainly buried, either 

at official landfills or in fly-tips, and authorities 

are struggling to find new sites for the 

2.6 million tonnes the country 

produces annually.







Cameroon: Entrepreneur 

recycles charcoal into 

green gas

November 18th, 10:35am



Tonnes of coal waste are thrown away each year 

in Douala, the economic capital of Cameroon.


The waste can pollute both the air and 

water supplies and is also a fire hazard.


Eric Tankeu came up with a environmentally-friendly 

solution - recycling the charcoal and turning it into 

a usable "green gas".


Tankeu is no stranger to going green - for years 

he worked on different projects to help protect 

the environment.


He says the "gas" project has helped to repurpose

 many hectares of forest by reusing the discarded

 charcoal waste.


Tankeu explains that the "gas" is a synthetic gas, 

produced from carbon-containing materials. Not 

only charcoal waste, but also biomass, plastics, 

household waste or similar materials.


The end product is bottled in a cylinder that 

can be used for a household stove.


Tankeu explains that his "gas" stove offers a 

safer and more sustainable way of cooking 

food or heating water.


A large part of Cameroon's population has no 

access to electricity and domestic gas is 

expensive or even unavailable in 

some areas.


As a result, many Cameroonians rely on firewood 

and coal for cooking and covering basic needs.


According to Global Forest Watch (GFW), 

Cameroon's forests are feeling 

the pressure. The platform, 

provides data and tools for 

monitoring forests online.


It says Cameroon lost 1.7 million hectares 

(4.2 million acres) of tree cover between

 2002 and 2021, more than 5% of 

its total.


The main causes were harvesting wood 

for fuel, logging, and the conversion of 

forests into agricultural land, 

GFW reported.







Electoral campaign ends

 in Equatorial Guinea

November 18th, 9:39am



The election campaign is in full 

swing..... in Equatorial Guinea. 


Voters are going to the polls this Sunday 

November the 20th, to elect a new 

President of the Republic.


The candidate of the ruling party Teodoro Obiang

 Nguema will be running for a sixth term as head 

of state.


He will face Buenaventura Monsuy, candidate of the

 Social Democratic Coalition party and Essono Ondo

 Andress, president of the opposition Convergence

 for Social Democracy.


"These elections, which will take place on November

20th, are taking place in a formal atmosphere..... of

 international observers, civil society is coming 

as you yourself have seen in town", said

 Equatoguinean journalist Luciano 

Ndong Alberto.


On the ground, the two opposition parties are not very

 visible. The campaign is dominated by the meetings

 and posters of the outgoing president who has

 teamed up with 14 opposition parties, for

 these elections. 


These are combined elections where deputies,

 senators and mayors will also be elected.


The opposition believes that the

time for change...... has arrived.


"We are convinced that Equatoguineans want to listen

 to a different message than the one conveyed by the

 ruling party. They need a message of hope and we

 can give it to them. We are saying through this

 election that staying at home will not help to

 solve our problems" said opposition 

candidate, Essono Ondo Andress, 

president of the Convergence
Social Democracy.


This presidential election... was 

brought forward, by five months. 


The government had justified the anticipation of the

 elections in Equatorial Guinea by the concern to

 reduce the costs of organization in a context

 of economic crisis.


Africanews reporter in Malabo, 

Lambert Ngouanfo, adds: 


"The electoral campaign is in its final stretch. 

The closing meetings.. will be organised this 

Friday, because Saturday is not a campaign 

day. On Sunday, the day of the elections, a 

little more than 427,000 registered voters

 are expected to go to the polls".




WHO Says Urgent Funds 

Needed --- to Support 

Uganda Ebola 


November 17th, 2:47pm



Since September 20th, when Uganda declared the

 Ebola outbreak, there have been 141 confirmed 

and 22 probable Ebola infections in Uganda, 

and 55 confirmed and 22 probable deaths.


On Thursday, Matshidiso Moeti, regional director for

 Africa of the World Health Organization (WHO) said

 urgent funds are needed to support the Ebola

 response in Uganda and the readiness in 

neighboring countries.


So far, only 20 percent of the US$88.2-million appeal

 has been collected. "We plead -- that time is of the

 essence," Matshidiso said, as she concluded her

 three-day trip here, where she was observing 

the country's Ebola response.


Since the Sudan strain of the virus was announced in

 the country on September 20th, it has now been

 detected in a ninth district, which has a large 

urban population. Cities favor the spread of 

the virus due to their highly-mobile 

residents and often crowded 



WHO figures show since September 20th, when

 Uganda declared the Ebola outbreak, to date, 

there have been a total of 141 confirmed and 

22 probable Ebola infections in Uganda, and 

55 confirmed and 22 probable deaths.


"We, as partners, all need to expand and intensify

 our support to the response, so that we bring this

 outbreak to an end," Matshidiso said, noting that 

the WHO Africa region office has deployed 80 

experts to support the fast-paced response, 

and assisted Ugandan health authorities to 

deploy a further 150, including over 

60 epidemiologists.


She said several health workers and village health

 teams have been trained in contact tracing and

 infection prevention and control in 

health facilities.


Personal Protective Equipment was also delivered to

 protect health workers caring for patients. "Most

 unfortunately, 19 health workers have already 

been infected, and tragically, seven of them 

have died," Matshidiso said.




Interpol SA arrests Israeli fugitive

wanted for several attempted 


November 17th, 2:22pm



South African police have announced the arrest of an

 Israeli suspected of belonging to a mafia gang and

 wanted for attempted homicide.


The 46-year-old man is associated with a major crime

 organization called Abergil, named after brothers 

Meir and Yitzhak Abergil who were extradited 

more than a decade ago to the US, and had 

been the subject of an Interpol red notice 

since 2015, the police said in a 

statement on Thursday.


"Israel's most wanted man," according to South

African police --- was arrested in the early hours 

of the morning along with seven other suspects 

in a house in Bryanston, an affluent suburb 

north of Johannesburg.


Photos and videos of the arrest, shared by the police, 

have circulated widely on social networks, showing 

stocky men in shorts or pajamas, sitting on the 

floor hiding their faces or lying on their 

stomachs, their hands shackled with 

plastic handcuffs.


According to information from their Israeli

 counterparts, the South African police 

say the main suspect belongs to "a 

notorious gang involved in drug 

trafficking, extortion, and other

 criminal activities.


In 2003 and 2004, he "allegedly placed a bomb under

 a man's car in Israel on two occasions. As a result of

 the first explosion, five people were seriously injured,

 but all miraculously survived," the statement said. In

 the second incident, again targeting the same 

person, this time he placed a bomb on the 

roof of a vehicle, leaving three people 

seriously injured.


The police also seized 12 firearms, including five

 assault rifles and seven pistols, 40,000 U.S.

 dollars and three stolen motorcycles, the

 statement said.





 African students face 

discrimination in battle

 for Canada visas

 November 17th, 2:13pm



Long viewed as a multicultural and inclusive nation, 

Canada admitted recently that its immigration 

system is tinged with racism and concern 

has risen over high rejection rates for 

African students.


"I have met people who have had their visas refused

 more than five times," says Serge Nouemssi, white

 coat and pipette in hand.


Originally from Cameroon, the 33-year-old biology

 student has been working on his doctorate for

 more than three years in a laboratory at the 

University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres 



Surrounded by greenery, the campus located halfway

 between Montreal and Quebec City hosts more than

 15,000 students, including the largest proportion of

 Africans in the province -- 65 percent of 

international students.


But "we have seen rejections of up to 80 percent of

 applicants coming from Africa," says the school's

 rector, Christian Blanchette, who noted it has 

been an ongoing problem "for several years."


In a report quietly released at the end of September,

 the national immigration department said it

 "recognizes the presence of racism in 

Canada --- and within our 

own organization."


According to federal data, Quebec is the Canadian 

province with the highest rejection rate of African

 students -- around 70 percent from French-

speaking African nations between 2017 

and 2021.


The data says applications from France, Britain or

 Germany to study in Quebec are almost always

 accepted -- approximately a 90 percent 

approval rate.


'Absurd' refusals


As well as having to pay tuition ranging on average

 from Can$17,000 (US$12,750) to Can$19,000 per

 academic year to study in Quebec and rising up 

to Can$50,000, African students must also 

provide financial guarantees.


"For us Africans, generally they (immigration officials) 

insist on proof of financial means" to be able to

 afford to live and study in Canada, 

explains Nouemssi.


"There are cases where we have demonstrated

 financial resources...  that were close to one 

million dollars," explains Caroline Turcotte

-Brule, an immigration lawyer. "The agent 

replied that our client did not have 

enough financial resources."


"I have the impression that it's a bit random," she

 adds, specifying that the reason for refusal is 

often the same: "a fear that the person will 

not return to his country of origin after"

 his studies.


"It's a bit of hypocrisy," said Krishna Gagne, 

another lawyer, who notes that students 

have the legal right to consider staying

 in Canada after their studies.


Ottawa has even been encouraging foreign students

to do so as it rolled out incentives in recent months

 in order to help deal with a labour shortage.


Sitting at her desk in a small laboratory at the end of a

 maze of underground corridors, Imene Fahmi says

 that she had to try twice, before being able to 

come and study in Quebec.


"I encountered a lot of difficulties", explains the

 Algerian-born doctor, who was refused the first 

time, because the program she'd chosen was 

"not related to her previous studies," even 

though she had been aggressively 

recruited by her future 

research director.


She had to apply a second time and 

wait eight months, before finally 

getting approvals.


"In regards to immigration, there doesn't seem to be

 an understanding, of the nuances and backgrounds 

of certain students, so we have refusals which are 

a bit absurd," her research supervisor Mathieu 

Piche says, unable to hide his frustrations.


Refusals and delays have consequences on the

 students but also "on the work of the 

teachers," he adds.


'Systemic racism'?


The problem does not only affect students. In July, 

Canada faced a backlash over its denials of visas 

for hundreds of delegates, including Africans,

that were to attend the AIDS 2022 

conference in Montreal.


In its September report, the government

promised ---- better training for its 

immigration agents, to consider 

creating an ombudsman post 

to manage disputes and 

review its much 

maligned case 




Those efforts are welcomed by Turcotte-Brule, 

but she underscores -- that there has been "a

problem of systemic racism for a long time"

in Canada -- and that "it will not be 

resolved overnight."







Climate change induced by 

human activity behind

 floods in Nigeria

November 17th, 10:12am



Climate change was the main cause of the floods that

 killed over 600 people in Nigeria this year, according

 to scientists.


In a study revealed on Wednesday, scientists claim:

that the floods that affected Nigeria, but also Niger,

Chad, and neighbouring countries, were directly 

linked to human activity.


According to the experts the floods between June 

and October this year displaced more than 1.4 

million people and were 80 times likelier to 

occur because of human activity.


The report comes as COP27 climate talks continue in

 Egypt's Sharm el-Sheikh, where developing nations

 are demanding rich polluters pay for climate-

change-linked calamities.


Africa is home to some of the countries least

 responsible for carbon emissions but 

hardest hit by weather extremes, 

with the Horn of Africa currently 

in the grips of a severe drought.




Libya: risk of partition with 

the delay of the elections 

- UN

November 16th, 12:46pm



The UN's new special envoy for Libya warned Tuesday

 that the first anniversary of the postponed elections,

 was fast approaching and that further postponement

 of the polls could lead the country to even greater

 instability, putting it "at risk of partition.


Abdoulaye Bathily told the U.N. Security Council
that the October 2020 ceasefire still held 

despite escalating rhetoric and the 

build-up of rival governments' 

forces in the east and west 

of the country.


Oil-rich Libya plunged into chaos after a NATO-

backed uprising toppled and killed longtime 

leader, Muammar Gaddafi, in 2011. 


In the chaos that followed, the country was divided

 between rival administrations supported by rebel 

militias and foreign governments.


The current political crisis stems from the failure of

 elections on December 24, 2021, and the refusal of

 Prime Minister Abdelhamid Dbeibah - who headed 

a transitional government in the capital, Tripoli - 

to resign. 


In response, the country's eastern-based parliament

 appointed a rival prime minister, Fathi Bachagha, 

who has been trying for months to install his 

government in Tripoli.


Bathily, a former Senegalese minister and diplomat

 who arrived in Libya in mid-October.. and has 

traveled to all parts of the country, told the 

council, that he has seen Libyans hope for 

"peace, stability & legitimate institutions."


"However, there is a growing recognition, that some 

institutional actors are actively impeding progress 

toward elections," he said.


He warned that further prolonging the elections "will 

make the country even more vulnerable to political, 

economic, and security instability" - and could risk

 partition. And he urged Security Council members

 to "join efforts to encourage Libyan leaders to 

work with determination to hold elections 

as soon as possible.''


Bathily urged the Council to "send an unequivocal

 message to the obstructionists that their actions 

will not go without consequences."


He said the Security Council must make it clear that

 ending the ceasefire and resorting to violence and

 intimidation "will not be accepted and that there

 is no military solution to the Libyan crisis."


Russia requested this preparatory meeting and its

 deputy ambassador, Dmitry Polyansky, described

 the situation in the country as "very tense" and

 "rather unstable", with no sign of an end to

 the rival governments soon.


This "means that there will be no inclusive national 

elections or unification of Libyan state bodies in

 the short term," he said.


Mr. Polyansky warned that "the situation risks getting

 out of control under the influence of the divergent

 interests of external stakeholders.''


He accused Western nations, especially the United

 States, of prolonging the Libyan crisis by using the 

turbulent situation in the country to pursue their 

own interests, namely unfettered access to

 Libyan oil.


Polyansky asserts that Western governments have set

 themselves the goal of "turning Libya into a 'gas

 station' -- to meet their energy needs." And he 

asserted that the U.S. administration.. "still 

views the Libyan political process solely 

through the prism of U.S. economic 

interests ... with the aim of 

preventing the growth of 

'black gold' prices."


U.S. Deputy Ambassador Richard Mills countered by

 saying, "The United States rejects accusations 

that somehow access to Libyan oil reserves
 the cause of the political impasse in 

Libya today."


Referring to Russia, he said the U.S. was dismayed

 that a Council member that violated the U.N. 

Charter by invading and occupying its 

neighbor continues "to divert the 

attention of this Council with 

baseless conspiracy 



"This is simply a failed attempt to shield itself from

 legitimate criticism," Mills said. "Libyan leaders 

must take responsibility for achieving lasting 

peace, good governance, and ultimately 

prosperity for the Libyan people. And 

the United States stands ready to 

support them."





Rumours about rebel advances 

cause scramble to safety

 in eastern DRC

November 16th, 9:51am



In eastern DRC, rumours of an imminent advancement

 of the M23 rebels have sent scores of people fleeing

 towards the city of Goma on Tuesday.


"It hurts us a lot to see that we are still fleeing, we

 have fled from Kibumba, and now, we are fleeing 

again from here, we are heading to Goma. We 

were told that the M23 was a few metres 

away, that's why we are worried 

because we were told that one 

person was killed here", said 

Alexis Bahunga, one of

 the displaced.


The arrival of the displaced in Goma coincided with a

 visit to the region of peace mediator, former Kenyan

 president, Uhuru Kenyatta, who appealed

 for dialogue.


"People are now becoming displaced in their own

 country, what I have to say, no matter what our

 differences are, even if we have our problems, 

please let us stop this war, these children, 

these mothers, these old men who don't 

know why people are fighting let us 

have mercy on them, let us stop 

this war and start dialogue", 

said Uhuru Kenyatta, former 

president of Kenya and 

peace mediator. 


The M23 rebels, whom Congo accuses of receiving

 support from neighbouring Rwanda... have more

 than doubled the territory they hold in recent 

weeks... as they've grabbed control of
key towns.


''I ask you to remain calm and to return to your

 business freely. I would like to reassure you 

that the loyalist forces (Congolese Armed 

Forces, Ed.) are performing well, in the 

field of operations, and are containing 

the enemy in the heights of Kibumba", 

reassured General Constant Ndima, 

military governor of North Kivu.


Rwanda denies any involvement. 


The M23 rebels signed a peace agreement 

with the government but re-emerged late

 last year, saying the terms had not 

been met.




Nigerian monarch shot 

dead inside palace

November 15th, 12:10pm



Police in Nigeria say suspected Biafran separatists

 have shot dead the traditional ruler of Obudi 

Agwa, in Oguta Local Government Area of 

Imo state, Eze Ignatius Asor, and two of 

his aides.


The state Police Public Relations Officer, Mike

 Abattam, confirmed the incident, local 

media reports.


The gunmen visited the palace in Oguta, under

the guise of reporting an emergency situation,

before opening fire.


It was not immediately clear why the monarch, 

Eze Ignatius Asor, was targeted in the attack

on Monday (November 14th).


The Nigerian authorities.. said the gunmen also

attacked the office of a community vigilance 

group as they fled --- killing at least one 

person and stealing three motorbikes.


The secessionist group, Indigenous People 

of Biafra – which police blamed for the 

killing – has not yet commented.


The group is campaigning for a breakaway 

state of Biafra in the southeast of

 the country.






UN Security Council extends 

peacekeeping mission in CAR

November 15th, 11:12am



The UN Security Council voted on Monday 

to extend for another year the UN Peace

keeping mission in the Central 

African Republic.


The vote was 12 in favour with three abstentions, 

namely those of Russia, China and Gabon.


The French-drafted resolution maintains the robust

 mandate of the 17,500 peacekeeping mission,

 focusing on protecting civilians, whilst 

encouraging President Faustin-

Archange Touadera and his 

government to promote 

lasting peace and 

stability through 

a reinvigorated 

political.... and 

peace process.


Intercommunal fighting has raged in the 

mineral-rich but impoverished Central 

African Republic, since 2013.


The government.. controls the capital, 

but much of the country is controlled

 by armed groups.


The resolution adopted Monday

urges all parties to respect 

the ceasefire, and urgently 

implement a reconciliation 



CAR’s Foreign Minister, Sylvie Valérie Baipo-Temon,

denounced “an alarming humanitarian situation,”
adding the country needs a mandate to 

address the armed groups.







UK announces 

withdrawal from Mali

November 15th, 10:15am



The British government announced on Monday 

the early withdrawal of its military contingent

 currently deployed in Mali as part of the 

UN mission to the country.


Behind the decision is the ruling junta's use 

of the Russian paramilitary group, Wagner.


According to the Ministry of Defence, the commitment 

was supposed to last three years, but faced with the

 rising instability in the country, London decided to

 anticipate the withdrawal of its troops, who 

should leave the country in the next 

six months.


France, the main country intervening militarily in Mali, 

notably through the Barkhane force, alongside its

 European partners announced in February their

 withdrawal from the country. The last French 

soldiers left Mali this summer, after nearly 

a decade.


Almost 300 British soldiers have been in Mali since 

the end of 2020, as part of the deployment of a UN

peacekeeping mission in the country, launched

in 2013 (Minusma, Ed.), aimed, in particular, at

stabilising the security situation in a country

plagued by jihadist attacks.







Fighting in eastern DRC 

continues as peace

 efforts gather pace

November 15th, 10:10am



Fighting in eastern DRC continued on Monday 

between government forces and the M23 

rebels near the strategic city of Goma 

in North Kivu province.


Former Kenyan president and EAC mediator Uhuru

 Kenyatta arrived in Kinshasa on Sunday for peace

 talks set to take place on November 21st.


"The message that we have today is that all groups

who currently bear arms should lay those arms 

down -- and choose the path of peace through 

dialogue -- because there is nothing that can 

be gained through the barrel of a gun", said 

Uhuru Kenyatta, former President of Kenya, 

and East African Community's facilitator on

 the Peace Process in the Eastern region

 of the Democratic Republic of Congo.


The Congolese government accuses Rwanda 

of supporting the rebels, an accusation

 rejected by Kigali.


"Silence the guns and join in a political process. 

That is to the local groups. To foreign based 

groups, it is basically saying.. that the DRC 

is no longer the battleground for problems 

that are not from this country", added 

the former President. 


Eastern DRC was the theatre of two bloody 

regional wars in the 1990s leaving scores

 of armed groups that remain active in

 the region.




 Sudan: Thousands of 

supporters of Islam

march for democracy

November 13th, 1:06pm



Protesters holding placards reading "No to foreign

 interference" and "Volker out", in reference to 

the UN's Khartoum envoy, Volker Perthes, 

marched in Khartum, this Satursday.


Thousands of Sudanese Islamists gathered Saturday

 - for the second time in two weeks - to call out what 

they see as "interference" in the country’s affairs. 

They are opposed to the UN's efforts to mediate 

between the Sudan's military junta and civilian 

leaders, following last year's coup, staged by 

general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan.


"Any compromise will bring this country into a 

real crisis and we, the youth of Sudan, do not 

want these parties and their agreements", 

protestor Mohammed warned. 


"If a government is supposed to emerge, 

it should be the result of elections."


"We will take to the streets, to the squares, every 

day, in every city, in every corner to protect this 

country, to preserve its unity and its security. 

No to (foreign) agents!", Luay exclaimed.


The protestors also expressed anger at a transitional

 constitution proposal by the Sudanese Bar

 Association --- which plans on banning 

activities by the National Congress 

Party, the Islamist movement of

 former leader al-Bashir.


The army chief last week warned the Islamists to

 steer clear of the military, saying: "The army 

does not belong to any party."


His warning came a week after some 3,000 

Islamists staged a similar march in front 

of the UN headquarters.


It comes, despite repeated accusations from 

civilian factions that the army was colluding 

with the Islamists, pointing to the recent

reappointment of Islamist figures

in positions of power.






Export of Russian fertilizers

unblocked – UN World

Food Program

November 13th, 12:28pm



Director of the UN World Food Program David Beasley

said that the first ship has already been chartered to

transport Russian fertilizers to African countries,

TASS reports.


“This is the first vessel.. that will carry shipments of

Russian fertilizers.. which are of critical importance 

for African countries. The Black Sea Grain Initiative 

is vital to stem the tide of global hunger in the 

coming months,” Beasley said.


It also became known that the first 20 thousand tons

 of fertilizers will be loaded next week. In total, WFP

 will help export 260,000 tons of Russian fertilizers

 to Africa.




Ethiopian govt, rebels, agree on 

humanitarian access to Tigray

November 13th, 11:10am



Warring sides in the Ethiopian conflict agreed

on the peace roadmap, on Saturday (Nov 12).


The Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces 

and the Head of the Tigray Forces, signed an
agreement in Nairobi, Kenya, that they said 

calls for adisengagement from all forms 

of military activities.


Both parties assented to protect civilians and

facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid in 

the war-torn northern region of Tigray.


The African Union-led talks in Nairobi, followed 

the cessation of hostilities agreement signed 

by Ethiopia and Tigray leaders in South 

Africa, last week.


"We want to express our full commitment for 

bringing peace and stability to our people 

and country. Therefore, we will fully 

dedicate our service to implement 

the Pretoria agreement and this 

declaration", Field Marshal 

Birhanu Jula, the chief of 

staff of the Ethiopian 

Armed Forces said.


"To this end, we would like to affirm our full 

commitment to the people of Ethiopia, 

to this panel and to the world", 

he concluded.


"We have suffered a lot of misery.... over the last two

years and still continue to suffer. The commitment 

we are making today, is with the hope and 

expectation, that our people's suffering 

will come to an end... soon", General 

Tadesse Werede, the commander

-in-chief of the Tigray forces,

doubled down.


The commanders, who have been meeting 

since November, signed the agreement 

on November the 12th.


The agreement states that disarmament will be 

"done concurrently with the withdrawal of 

foreign and non-(Ethiopian military) 

forces" from Tigray.


Former Nigerian President, Olusegun Obasanjo, 

who is helping to facilitate the talks... said on

Saturday that “humanitarian aid should have 

resumed... yesterday."

The former Kenyan 
president, Uhuru Kenyatta,
who is also 
involved in the talks, thanked 

the commanders ------ for their 

commitment to peace.


According to the lead negotiator for the Ethiopian

 federal government, the next meeting of military

 leaders will "most likely" be held in Tigray in 

mid-December, before a final meeting in 

Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital,

 in January.


The Tigray conflict began in November 2020. The

 brutal fighting spilled into Amhara and Afar 

regions as Tigrayan forces tried to break 

the military blockade of their region. 


The war - in Africa’s second-most populous country -

which marked two years on November the 4th, has

seen abuses documented on both sides, with 

millions of people displaced... and many 

near famine.


It reignited in August, after months of a lull 

that allowed thousands of trucks carrying 

humanitarian aid into Tigray.


Phone and internet connections to Tigray are still

 down, and foreign journalists and human rights

 researchers remain barred, complicating 

efforts to verify reports of ongoing 

violence in the region.





Africa: Buhari Calls for More 

Western Commitment On

 Climate Action

by Timothy Obiezu

November 13th, 2022

Pan-African News Wire


Abuja — As world leaders meet in Egypt for a two-

week climate change summit, COP27,  African

 leaders.. have been emphasizing the need for 

their western counterparts to increase their

 commitment to addressing climate 

change's impact on Africa.


Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari is the latest 

African leader to weigh in on the issue, saying 

African leaders are frustrated by what he 

called Western hypocrisy. 


His op-ed in The Washington Post this week --- titled, 

"How Not to Talk With Africa About Climate Change"

came amid discussions by delegates at the United

Nations climate change summit.. to compensate

poor nations, for the mounting damage linked 

to global warming.


The president said that Western development has

unleashed climate catastrophe on Africa and that

part of his nation was under water caused by the

severe flooding that has affected 34 of Nigeria's

 36 states and displaced 1.4 million people.


Buhari also cited drought-driven famine in the 

Horn of Africa, wildfires across the north, 

and intensifying cyclones in the south, 

as part of the consequences of

climate change in Africa.


Only about 3 percent


Africa is the continent most affected by climate

change, despite contributing only about 

3 percent of global emissions, 

according to the U.N.


Nigeria's head of the International Climate Change

 Development Africa Initiative, Seyifunmi Adebote, 

said the president's charge was very timely.


"I think - for the first time - African leaders beyond the

 negotiating room are putting up very strong opinions,

 statements about what they believe, and it's coming

 from a pain point ------ of what they've witnessed at

 different levels in their respective countries," 

said Adebote. "From Nigeria - to Niger - to 

Rwanda - to Kenya - you've seen African 

leaders come out to voice very 

strong opinions."


The Nigerian leader said Western governments

- repeatedly - have failed to honour a 2009 

agreement ---- to pay $100 billion for 

climate adaptation and mitigation

in developing nations.


He said most financing currently flows toward 

mitigation projects such as renewable energy.


Africa advised to embrace renewable energy


Buhari said Africa's future must be carbon free 

but said the continent's current energy 

demands cannot be met by weather-

dependent solar and wind power.


Even if Africa used up all its reserves of natural gas,

 its share of global emissions would only rise from 

3 percent to 3.5 percent, he said.


But ''program coordinator'' at the Social Development

Centre, Isaac Botti, said African leaders must stay 

on course with best practices for climate... by 

embracing renewable energy sources.


"For me, I feel that fossil fuel productions..  should be 

stopped, and if president Buhari is saying we should

look at the energy available to us, that is inimical
the reduction of climate change globally,"

said Botti. 

"For instance, the solar system provides the biggest

option for energy production globally, particularly 

in Africa, considering our climatic situations."


Seyifunmi said poor accountability also could 

be the reason why Africa is not getting 

much-needed support.


"We -- also -- do not have the structures to maintain or

utilize -- or to be accountable for -- the resources we 

get from them," said Seyifunmi. "It will not excite 

them to keep pumping money if there are no 

structures to process the money 

or mechanisms to reflect the 

outcomes of what those 

funds are used for."


As COP27 proceeds, many are hoping the outcome 

of this year's climate summit will be different.


Read the original article on VOA.

[Rhondda Records adds, that ''lack

of accountability'' ...doesn't stop

Western states from throwing

billions ------ into supporting 

war in Ukraine.]




 'Pay for loss and damage' 

activists demand during 

protest at COP27

November 12th, 9:44am



Demonstrators called on wealthy and more polluting

nations... to pay fair compensation for the global 

impacts of the climate crisis, on Friday.


Chanting "pay up for loss and damage" and "no 

more bla bla bla", the small group was led by 

seven activists. 


Outside the Egyptian resort hosting the COP27, they

participated in a Fridays for Future protest, calling 

for money for climate action.


Ina Maria Shikongo, a climate activist and member of

Fridays For Future organization, was one of them.


"We have to stop fossil fuel extraction - not only for

Africans but for the entire planet and that is what 

the people need to realize - this is not just an 

African issue anymore, or a Global South 

issue", she said.


"This is an issue that is actually affecting humanity."


Demonstrations had been slightly muted at 

the United Nations climate summit... so far.


Friday has become a day for climate protests

worldwide, since Swedish activist Greta 

Thunberg launched the Fridays for 

Future movement in 2018.


To finance climate adaptation, some developing

 countries rely on loans --- which have citizens 

worried about the burden of debt.


For the sake of climate justice, others, including

the UN chief, urged wealthier countries to 

meet their financial commitments - 

to back poorer nations.




Africa: Agroecology Is the 

African-Led Solution

We Need From COP27

by Sena Alouka

November 12th

(African Arguments)


Industrialised agriculture is big driver of emissions. 

Agroecology is sustainable, resilient, high yield,

 and gives farmers sovereignty.


It is a welcome shift to see nations recognise the 

inextricable link - between agriculture and the 

climate crisis at COP27 - the first UN Climate

 Conference to be held in Africa in six years. 


It has never been clearer that we cannot protect our 

people and planet without tackling the problems in

 our food systems, one of the biggest contributors 

to the climate crisis. But.... recognition and 

conversation are not enough. We cannot 

allow false promises and abstract 

commitments to derail the swift, 

transformative action this 

crisis demands. 


We need real solutions, which will only be effective

if devised in partnership with impacted 

communities and local

 food producers.


The Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA) 

- representing more than 200 million farmers, 

pastoralists, fisherfolk, Indigenous peoples,

 and women's and youth movements 

across the continent - is therefore 

calling on COP27 to prioritise 

agroecology as an African-

led solution to tackle the 

climate crisis.


Agriculture - particularly industrialised agriculture - is

 responsible for at least 10-12% of global human-

driven emissions. This doesn't even include 

emissions from transporting, storing, or 

refrigerating food, nor from changes
land use.


 In the last 20 years, industrial agriculture has

 expanded across Africa --- even as the 

continent and its food systems bear 

the brunt of the climate crisis. 


Rising temperatures, droughts, and floods, are hitting

 communities relentlessly, with the greatest impacts

 felt among small-scale farmers and women. 


Estimates suggest, that global warming, will reduce 

Africa's overall food production capacity by 10-20%, 

putting the food security of hundreds of millions of 

Africans at risk.


Despite this growing threat, both international and

 African policy makers and donors are neglecting 

to substantially invest in locally-led solutions... 

and sustainable models of African agriculture 

like agroecology. This cannot continue. 

Rising food prices, increased hunger, 

and disruption of the global food 

supply chain in the face of 

increasingly extreme 

weather expose the 

failures --- of our

 current model. 


We must change course toward food systems that 

will not only mitigate the climate emergency, but 

also offer African communities stability in, and

 sovereignty over, their own nutrition.


Governments at COP27 have an opportunity to

recognise --- the expansive potential of agro-

ecology, to address these challenges. From 

Puerto Rico to Kenya -- food producers are 

putting agroecological principles to action, 

working with the land, in an ecologically-

sound way, to sustain themselves and 

their communities. 


But many proponents of agroecology do not hold the

 same microphone as multinational corporations or

 funders. They receive far less consideration and

 financing than industrial or technological 

agricultural approaches that pursue 

mass production... at the expense

 of climate resilience.


Agroecology is a farmer-driven system of sustainable

 agriculture that unites Indigenous knowledge and

 science-based innovation with an ecosystem's 

natural processes. It focuses on growing a 

diverse range of crops suitable for the 

climate and land in which they are 

grown, as opposed to industrial 

approaches that mass produce 

one crop for export. 


Without a dependence on fossil fuel-based pesticides, 

fertiliser chemicals, and other industrial techniques

 that release greenhouse gasses, agroecology fights

 climate change while allowing farmers to feed their

 communities and protect their livelihoods.

keeps food systems localised, building resilience

 .....as communities become more self-sufficient

 and capable of withstanding global shocks.


In Benin.... we can see the benefits of a transition to 

agroecology in action. While farmers are living with 

the impacts of the climate crisis, many have been

 encouraged... to adopt industrial approaches like

 growing a single crop and using harsh chemicals

 that leave the soil unable to retain moisture and

 nutrients. Yields have fallen year after year, and

 80% of households say their food security is 

under threat. 


But farmers in Kom'dè, a small village in north-west

 Benin, have developed agroecology-based

 sustainable farming methods... that are 

delivering increased yields by 50-60% 

and even bringing back some crops

 once thought lost.


Agroecology is not only the most sensible climate 

solution - there is also a clear economic case. 


Transitioning away from industrial agriculture toward

sustainable food systems ----- will have far reaching

effects... saving the $12 trillion spent worldwide 

on the "hidden costs" of food and eliminating 

8.5% of global emissions attributed 

to agriculture.


We do not have the luxury of time. COP27 offers 

a global opportunity to begin a just transition 

----- away from high-emitting industrial 

agriculture, corporate monopolies 

of food systems --- and false 

climate solutions toward 

agroecology, food 

sovereignty, and 



Leaders at COP27 must put food systems at the centre

 of climate adaptation plans for Africa --- and integrate 

agroecology into the climate negotiations. Systemic

 change will require a permanent body to coordinate 

agriculture talks.. and monitor the implementation 

of decisions within the United Nations Framework 

Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).


 Funders who claim to prioritise climate resilience 

and locally-driven approaches must also commit 

to providing new, direct, and accessible climate 

financing to agroecology.


Ultimately, solutions will only be long-lasting if they

can be owned and driven by the very people whose 

way of life the climate crisis is upending. Small-

scale food producers and Indigenous 

communities, especially youth and 

women.... must be meaningfully 

engaged and their voices and 

needs must be prioritised.


With the right support ---- Africa can lead 

the rest of the world in developing just 

and sustainable food systems.


Sena Alouka is Chair of the AFSA Climate and

 Agroecology Working Group and Executive 

Director of Young Volunteers for the 

Environment in Togo.


 AFSA (the Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa)

 represents more than 200 million farmers, 

pastoralists, sherfolk, Indigenous 

peoples, faith groups, women's 

movements, plus youth and 

consumer associations, 

across 50 countries.


Read the original of this report, 

including embedded links and 

illustrations, on the African 

Arguments site.




 First batch of Russian fertilizers 
to be shipped to Malawi 

next week — UN

November 11th, 9:27pm (TASS)


The first batch of Russian fertilizers, which are

blocked at European ports, will be shipped to 

Malawi next week, the United Nations said 

on Friday.


"The UN also briefed... on recently issued General

Licenses & shipments of fertilizer to developing

countries’ destinations and its ongoing 

engagement with private sector and

member states. It is anticipated 

that the first shipment of 

donated fertilizers will 

depart for Malawi, in 

the coming week."


This was  said in a UN press statement, released 

after a meeting between the Secretary-General 

of the UN Conference on Trade & Development, 

Rebeca Grynspan, the Under-Secretary-

General for Humanitarian Affairs and 

Emergency Relief Coordinator... 

Martin Griffiths, and a Russian 

delegation, led by Deputy 

Foreign Minister, Sergey





Angolan president 

left for Uganda for 

mediation efforts

by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado

November 11th, 11:56am

 (Prensa Latina) 


Angolan President João Lourenço left on Friday for the

 city of Kigali, Rwanda´s capital, as a mediator in the

 conflict between that country and the neighboring

 Congo Democratic Republic.


According to Spokesman Luis Fernando, the president

 will try to reconcile the parties in dispute in an

 attempt to reach a negotiated solution 

to the current crisis.


Before leaving, Lourenço paid tribute to the heroes of

 his homeland, at a ceremony held at the National

 Museum of Military History, in Luanda, on the 

47th anniversary of Angola’s independence.


In every province there were several commemorative

 activities, including a central ceremony in this city

 in which various government personalities,

 Parliamentarians, politicians, scientists 

and civil society organizations 

took part.



People in Mozambique could

 lose humanitarian aid

by Alina Ramos Martin

November 11th, 11:47am

 (Prensa Latina) 


The World Food Program (WFP) of the United Nations

notified that it is about to stop its humanitarian

 assistance to 1 million people in Mozambique, 

due to the lack of funding.


This statement was made in Geneva, by the head of

 the agency in the African nation, Antonella D’Aprile.


The only way to avoid this outcome, she added, is to

 receive the $51 million in additional funding required

 to continue providing aid, particularly in Cabo 

Delgado province, where the situation 

continues to worsen, due to armed 

violence in recent months.


He said that WFP’s funding situation has long been a

 cause of concern, as the agency is running out of

 options and all these activities are in danger.


WFP’s funding is heavily dependent 

on contributions from the world’s 

wealthiest nations.







MPLA praises Angola’s 


 by Alina Ramos Martin

November 11th, 11:44am

 (Prensa Latina) 


The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola´s

 party (MPLA) praised the struggle of this African

 nation for its independence and significance

 in the current goals of socioeconomic 



In a message for the 47th anniversary of

 independence, the party recognized the 

direct and selfless commitment of 

thousands of countrymen, in the 

confrontation with Portuguese 

colonialism, which led to the 

establishment of a 

national State.


As a political force in the Government, the MPLA

 stressed this Friday, its decision to reassure 

itself at the forefront of the promotion and 

political, economic & social reintegration 

of all the vital forces of the country.


According to the MPLA, the party observes with

 optimism the actions of the Executive aimed at

 ensuring the right to decent and quality work, 

the qualification of personnel... and the 

encouragement of entrepreneurship, 

especially for the youth, based on a

 serious commitment to a national 

vocational training system.


Finally, he pounded all Angolans to contribute, 

with acts of citizenship and high patriotism,

 to the necessary development tasks of a

 democratic state, based on the rule

 of law.




South African News Briefs 

by André van Wyk

November 11th, 2022


South Africa:
Water Crisis a Greater Threat 

than Energy Crisis, Infrastructure


According to the US multinational infrastructure

 consulting firm, AECOM.. a looming water crisis 

in South Africa will eclipse the nation's current 

struggle for a stable supply of electricity, 

Business Tech reports. 


Darrin Green, Africa MD at the globally trusted
infrastructure firm AECOM, said: The energy 

crisis is confronting us first, or maybe it is 

the most obvious, but for me, the current 

water shortage in Gauteng is absolutely 

a worse crisis. While the fundamental 

issues are the same, it is going to be 

a much more difficult situation for 

people to live with on a day-to-

day basis". 


Green added that, as climate change becomes 

increasingly important, South Africa has 

failed to make the topic more note-

worthy and, thereby, changing its 

current reactive stance to 

one that is more 



''Clients are not perceiving this as a priority.   It must 

start with an overall understanding of sustainability 

and its key drivers. The South African market has 

not reached a sufficient level of maturity in this

 regard," Green said. An additional example 

was made... of integrated hydrological 

models of South Africa's coastlines 

not being updated or maintained.



Civil Servants Return to Work 

After Nationwide Stay-Away


Civil servants have returned to work after a national

 wage strike organised by the Public Servants

 Association of South Africa (PSA), Eye-

witness News reports.


The PSA has maintained its call for a 10% wage hike

in the face of a unilateral 3% increase instituted by

the government. Workers have called on the 

government to honour 2018's wage agree-

ment... following its failure to provide 

increases in the final year of 

the bargain. 


President of the PSA Lufuno Mulaudzi said: 

"Government failure to implement decent 

salary increases for public service is a 

result of years of fraud and corruption."


 Unions --- have given government a 7-day 

ultimatum to respond to their demands 

and threatened to stage a national 

shutdown if negotiations are not




R10 Billion French, German Loans 

Aim to Lessen South Africa's 

Reliance on Coal


France and Germany have signed loan agreements

 totaling R10 billion to expedite South Africa's Just

 Energy Transition, Business Tech writes. 


The loans, made available by he French and German

public development banks, Agence Française 

de Développement and Kreditanstalt für 

Wiederaufbau - are directed squarely 

at the National Treasury which said 

on the matter: The loans are highly 

concessional as their terms are 

substantially more generous 

than what the government 

of South Africa would be 

able to raise in capital 



The Treasury added that this is a critical stage in 

attracting investment to the nation, as it forms 

part of the Just Energy Transition. 


''South Africa requires more support for its just energy

 transition - given the large scale of the required

 transition in the context of the current socio-

economic challenges - and will therefore 

continue discussions with various 

multilateral lenders to pursue 

this objective," said 

the Treasury.




Angola reviews problems of

 national refugees in Zambia

by Alina Ramos Martin

November 10th, 4:08pm 

 (Prensa Latina) 


A multisectoral commission of the Angolan

 Government analyzed the problems of 

national refugees in the neighboring 

Republic of Zambia.


The Secretary of State for International Cooperation

 and Angolan Communities, Domingos Custódio 

Vieira Lopes, headed a preparatory meeting, 

which was dedicated specifically to 

examining the situation of the 

Angolans of Cazombe --- and 

the refugees in the district 

of Ikelenge, in the north-

west province of Zambia.


As reported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Mirex), 

the multi-sectoral team discussed possible effective

 methods for the return of migrants and their 

relocation in the Angolan province of 

Moxico in the east of the country.


In later September, delegations from the two States 

discussed, in Lusaka, the ways to operationalize a

 memorandum of understanding, with the purpose 

of... guaranteeing the integrity of the common 

border. and deepening cooperation in the 

fight against drug trafficking. and the

 illegal movement of people.





Festival of Russian Culture

to be held.. in Zambia, 

Tanzania and Ethiopia
November 15th-19th

November 10th, 3:30pm



The Festival of Russian Culture will take place 

in three African states, Zambia, Tanzania and 

Ethiopia... the press service of the Russian 

Ministry of Culture reported on Thursday.


"The festival is intended... to popularize the diversity 

of Russia’s cultural heritage, and will introduce the 

foreign audience to the best examples of Russia’s 

unique vocal folklore performed traditionally and 

in modern adaptation, as well as the popular 

pieces of musical academic art," its 

statement said.


Additionally, the festival will include a photo exhibit of

picturesque locations of Russia’s Far North. Visitors

will view the landscapes of the northern parts of 

Russia, from Murmansk to Kamchatka Regions.


The festival is held to bolster intercultural interaction

 with African countries, on the eve of the second 

Russia-Africa Summit, which will take place

 in St. Petersburg, in 2023.




Sudan’ s former president

 ....in prison again

by Ana Luisa Brown

November 10th, 12:31pm

 (Prensa Latina) 


The Sudanese judicial authorities have ordered the
overthrown President, Omar Hassan al-Bashir --- 

convicted of corruption, to return to a capital 

city prison after his release from hospital,
defense lawyer said on Thursday.


Hashim Ali told local media that the announcement

 about the return of the former head of State to 

prison, after recovering from an illness, was 

informed on Wednesday by representatives 

of the aforementioned prison.


The source said that, in addition to Al-Bashir, other

 Islamist representatives, such as the former Vice

 President, Bakri Hassan Salih, and the former 

Interior Minister, Ali al Haj, among others, 

were also imprisoned.


The former head of State and some 30 high-ranking

 members of the National Islamic Front are 

currently being prosecuted for their 

alleged involvement in a coup 

d’état in June 1989, which 

brought al-Bashir himself 

to power.




Kenya to invest $37 million

in force protection
to Congo

November 10th, 11:39am



Kenya's parliament.. has approved the deployment 

of nearly 1,000 troops for a new regional force in

 eastern Congo, amid questions about the $37 

million cost for the first six months of 

the mission.


A parliament committee report says the money will be

spent on equipment, allowances, and operations for 

the more than 900 troops joining the East African

 Community Regional Force that will support 

Congolese forces against armed groups.


Kenya's President, William Ruto, last week, called the

mission "necessary and urgent" for regional security. 

Violence by armed groups in eastern Congo, has

led to a diplomatic crisis between Congo and 

neighboring Rwanda, which is accused 

of backing certain groups.


The Kenyan forces will be based in Goma, eastern

Congo's largest city. The regional force, agreed 

upon by heads of state, in June, and led by 

a Kenyan commander, also has two 

battalions from Uganda, two from 

Burundi and one from S. Sudan.


There is a possibility that international financing 

may be secured for the mission, the committee

 report said.







South Africa: Public Servants