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Poisoning Earth and our terrible fate, if, if, if


Lula attends COP27 to 

reposition Brazil on 

climate issues

by Ileana Ferrer Fonte

November 14th, 7:16am

 (Prensa Latina) 


President-elect Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva will travel 

to Egypt, on Monday, to participate in the United

Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27) 

so as to reposition Brazil in the 

environmental scene 

and diplomacy.


According to sources from the Workers’ Party (PT),

quoted by O Globo newspaper, the former unionist 

will arrive at the Egyptian resort of Sharm 

El-Sheikh, the venue of COP27,

 on Tuesday.


He expects to coordinate bilateral contacts 

with environmental representatives of the

 United States, China, and Germany

 on the same day.


Lula, invited to the Conference by Egyptian President

 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, with whom he expects to meet 

on Friday, will also hold talks with US Special

 Presidential Envoy for Climate Change 

John Kerry. Still, the parties are 

working to align their agendas.


In the exchange with Kerry, the former labour leader

 will redefine the relationship between Brazil and the

 United States, starting with the environmental issue.


According to the sources, he will also make two

 important announcements: creating a climate

 authority in Brazil and requesting the 

country to host COP30 in 2025.


On Wednesday, Lula will attend an event where

 participants will show an initiative called 

Charter of the Amazon: a common 

agenda for climate transition.






Brazilian indigenous leader

denounces effects of 

climate change

by Martin Hacthoun

November 13th, 10:10am

 (Prensa Latina) 


Climate change deeply affects the lives of indigenous 

peoples due to fires, floods and other similar

 phenomena, warned here, today, Ze 

Bajaga Apurin --- the leader of a

Brazilian indigenous community.


''In the past, the rainy season was very regular, but

 today it is different --- a situation that also occurs 

with floods,'' Bajaga Apurina who is also general

 coordinator of the Indigenous Organization 

and Community Federation of Pura said.


Now we can’t work all day in the fields, because of 

the high temperatures, he said, in an interview 

with the Egyptian daily Al Ahram.


Wearing his traditional feathered attire, Bajaga Apurina

 said it was for these reasons that he decided to

 attend the 27th Conference of the Parties to 

the United Nations Framework Convention 

on Climate Change, which is being held 

in this city, located in the north-

western Sinai Peninsula.


''We are here to bring a message to all governments

 and businessmen: what they are doing is not only

 endangering indigenous peoples, but the entire 

planet and all living beings,'' he stressed.




Rwanda Reduced 126,000 Tons 

of Carbon Emissions: in 9 Years

November 10th, 2022



At least 47,000 hectares of forests and agro-forestry

 were planted while 31,000 hectares of watershed 

and water bodies have been protected.


Rwanda has cut 126,000 tonnes of carbon emissions

 over the last nine years owing to strategic climate

 resilience investments made across the country,

 official data released during Finance Day at the 

27th session of the Conference of the Parties 

(COP27) in Egypt showed.


The data on green investments released by the

 Rwanda Green Fund showed that since 2013, 

funding worth US$247 million... has been 

mobilized for strategic climate resilient 

investments. The funding was invested 

in 46 green projects across the country 

that helped to cut carbon emissions. 


At least 47,000 hectares of forests and agro-forestry

 were planted while 31,000 hectares of watershed 

and water bodies have been protected.


 Over 88,000 households were given access to off-grid

 clean energy while 120,000 people were supported
 cope with the effects of climate change,
according to
 the data.


Rwanda needs an estimated US$11 billion
to mitigate,
 and adapt to climate change
effects up to 2030,
 Rwanda's Economic
Planning Minister 
Claudine Uwera said.


"COP27 is an opportunity to engage development

 partners, to meet the remaining financing of 

US$6.5 billion to accelerate momentum to 

deliver on Rwanda's climate agenda," 

she added.


Jeanne D'arc Mujawamariya, Rwandan Environment

 Minister called on rich nations to deliver on the US

$100 billion per annum pledge. Since 2009, the 

pledge of US$100 billion ------- by developed 

countries every year, by 2020, to support
developing countries ----- 
to cope with
climate change, 
is yet to be met.


During the Finance Day heads of governments and

 activists called for immediate and innovative

 solutions to drive the global climate finance 

landscape to complement public finance. 


Rwandan President Paul Kagame has said 

- questioning whether Africa is ready to 

make use of climate finance, should 

not be used as an excuse to 

justify inaction.




Seychelles to Protect
of Mangroves
& Seagrass in 2023

 Says President At COP27

November 8th,

Seychelles News
Agency (Victoria)


Seychelles will move to 100 percent protection of all

 its mangroves and seagrass meadows, in 2023,

 adding to the already 32 percent protection 

of its ocean and 50 percent of its forest, 

President Wavel Ramkalawan said 

on Monday.


Ramkalawan made the announcement in his

 statement.. at the high-level segment for 

heads of state and government in the 

27th Conference of the Parties

(COP27) --- taking place in 

Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.


"Like other islands - we contribute less to the 

destruction of the planet, yet we suffer the 

most. For example, the carbon emissions 

of Seychelles are very low and we clean 

up through our mangroves & seagrass 

meadows, thus making us a zero 

contributor.. to the destruction 

of the planet, yet our islands 

are disappearing and our 

coasts are being 


 he said.


Seychelles has one of the most biologically diverse

 marine ecosystems on the planet while the carbon

 ecosystems cover over two million hectares, with

 seagrass beds accounting for 99 percent of the 

blue carbon extent. 


The other carbon ecosystem in the island nation 

is mangrove forests with more than 80 percent 

located within the Aldabra atoll.


Ramkalawan took the opportunity to express

 Seychelles' support and solidarity -- with all 

nations that have experienced the terrible 

effects of climate change, lately.


The head of state of Seychelles, an archipelago 

in the western Indian Ocean, asked if the 

Conference of the Parties is a counting 

game or a real countdown to saving

 the planet.


"I pray that we leave Egypt with good decisions and 

pledges, that will be followed by concrete actions 

--- instead of another set of empty promises," 

he said.


Ramkalawan reiterated the need for the Multi 

Vulnerability Index (MVI) to be the new order 

as "SIDS [Small Island Developing States] 

are vulnerable and we need access to 

concessionary funding, in order to 

defend ourselves against climate 

change, while fulfilling the SDGs 

[Sustainable Development Goals] 

to give our people a better life."


"Industrialised nations must pay greater attention 

to the Damage and Loss agenda. We, the oceanic 

states that receive the harsh effects of your 

activities, have to be assisted in repairing 

the damage you cause to us," he added.


Ramkalawan said that Seychelles is playing

a leadership role... and building strong 

partnerships... however small the 

island nation is.


He spoke about the Ocean Race Summit the 

island nation hosted to discuss the urgency 

of saving the ocean.


"Later... we offered the venue for the first European 

Blue Invest Forum outside Europe to put emphasis 

on financing the Blue Economy and late last 

month we welcomed Prince Albert of 

Monaco and the Monaco research 

expedition in the search for 

resilient corals, plus we 

are active in promoting 

the Great Blue Wall 

project," he said.


"Let us be good partners, let us give our youth 

a better planet and may we leave Egypt with

 enhanced hope and commitment: to save 

our one and only blue planet," 

Ramkalawan concluded.




China launches promotion 

of bamboo as a substitute

 for plastic

by Alina Ramos Martin

November 7th, 11am

 (Prensa Latina) 


China and the International Bamboo and Rattan 

Organization (Inbar) launched an initiative that 

seeks to promote the use of the first resource 

as a substitute for plastic, including durable 

types such as PVC.


The project aims to formulate policies at national, 

regional and global levels, identifying industries 

and coordinating standards for trade in


It calls for scientific research, expanding
technological innovation and defining 

standards in the development of this 

area, promoting the expansion of
marketing, advertising and 

consumption of this plant as
a durable material -------- in 

construction, decoration,

furniture, paper making,

and disposable items.


The initiative is expected to serve as a roadmap 

to progress in mitigating plastic pollution and 

the effects of climate change.


China and Inbar prepared it as part of measures 

aimed at strengthening global partnerships and

 achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda for 

Sustainable Development.


The parties presented the program during the opening

of the 2nd Bamboo and Rattan World Congress (BARC

2022), which is ongoing in Beijing until tomorrow with
the attendance of representatives from governments,
research institutes, international organizations, non-

governmental organizations and private sectors.


This meeting is seeking to create new platforms to 

support producers and achieve carbon neutrality,

 including high-level dialogues between 

policymakers, parallel sessions and 

a small exhibition of goods.




New UN Weather Report 

'A Chronicle of Chaos

- UN Chief

Monday, November 7th, 2022

Pan-African News Wire

The world's only international 

daily Pan-African News source


UN News Service


The latest report from the UN World Meteorological 

Organization (WMO), released on Sunday, shows 

that the last 8 years have been the warmest

on record ------ fueled by ever-rising 

greenhouse gas concentrations.


The provisional 2022 State of the Global Climate study

 outlines the increasingly dramatic signs of the

 climate emergency, which include a doubling 

of the rate of sea level rise since 1993, to a 

new record high this year; and indications 

of unprecedented glacier melting on the 

European Alps.


The full 2022 report is due to be released in the Spring

 of 2023, but the provisional study was brought out

 ahead of COP27, the UN climate conference, 

raising awareness of the huge scale of the 

problems that world leaders must tackle, 

if they are to have any hope of getting 

the climate crisis under control.


"The greater the warming, the worse the impacts", 

said WMO chief Petter Taalas, who launched the

report.... at an event held in Sharm El-Sheikh, 

Egypt, the venue for this year's conference. 


"We have such high levels of carbon dioxide in the

 atmosphere now that the lower 1.5 degree of the

 Paris Agreement is barely within reach. It's 

already too late for many glaciers and the

 melting will continue for hundreds, if 

not thousands of years, with major 

implications for water security".


Critical conditions in all parts of the world


The report is a dizzying catalogue of worrying climate

 events, taking place against a backdrop of record

 levels of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous 

oxide - the three main greenhouse gases that 

contribute to global warming - which is 

currently estimated to be around 

1.15 degrees Celsius above 

pre-industrial levels.


Throughout the alps --- an average thickness loss of 

between three and over four metres was recorded, 

whilst in Switzerland, all snow melted during the

 summer season, the first time this has 

happened in recorded history; since 

the beginning of the century, the 

volume of glacier ice in the 

country, has dropped by 

more than a third.


The increasing ice melt worldwide has led to sea

 levels rising... over the last 30 years, at rapidly

 increasing rates. The rate of ocean warming 

has been exceptionally high over the past 

two decades; marine heatwaves... are 

becoming more frequent, and these

warming rates are expected to 

continue in the future.


The study, details the effects of both droughts and

 excessive rains. Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia are 

facing crop failure and food insecurity, because of

 another season of below-average rains, whilst 

more than a third of Pakistan was flooded in 

July and August, as a result of record-

breaking rain, displacing almost 

eight million people.


The southern Africa region, was battered by a series 

of cyclones over two months at the start of the year, 

hitting Madagascar hardest with torrential rain and 

devastating floods, and in September, Hurricane

 Ian caused extensive damage and loss of life

 in Cuba and southwest Florida.


Large parts of Europe sweltered in repeated episodes

of extreme heat: the UK saw a new national record 

on July 19th, when the temperature topped more 

than 40°C for the first time. This was 

accompanied by a persistent and 

damaging drought and wildfires.


Early warnings for all


In a statement released on Sunday, the UN 

Secretary-General, António Guterres, 

described the WMO report as a 

"chronicle of climate chaos," 

detailing the catastrophic 

speed of climate change, 

which is devastating 

lives and livelihoods 

on every continent.


Faced with the inevitability of continued climate

 shocks and extreme weather across the world, 

Mr. Guterres is to launch an action plan at 

COP27 to achieve Early Warnings for All 

in the next five years.


The UN chief explained that these early warning systems

 are necessary, to protect people and communities

 everywhere. "We must answer the planet's 

distress signal with action, ambitious, 

credible climate action," he argued. 

"COP27 must be the place - and 

now must be the time."



Scientific Plan for Nature-

Based Climate Solutions

October 13th, 2:23pm (FNA)


Agricultural engineering professor, Ben Runkle, has 

co-authored a leading ecosystem scientists and 

policy experts report --- calling for a scientific 

approach to nature-based climate solutions 

in the United States.


The report is the result of dozens of scientists and

policy experts --- gathering in Washington, DC, in 

June, to confront the consequences of climate 

change and ensure a scientific footing for 

nature-based climate solutions.


The report reviews the current knowledge in the field

 and offers a multidisciplinary plan for the science, 

tools and technologies needed to support a 

policy that will mitigate the effects of 

climate change.


The researchers are calling for a roughly $1 billion

 investment in science and infrastructure 

development to ensure nature-based 

climate solutions are robust and 

credible, that ground-based 

experiments & monitoring, 

inform rigorously bench-

marked maps, model 

predictions and also

protocol evaluations.


"Although... the investment necessary to generate this

 information is not small, it is a fraction of the amount

 already allocated, to implement nature-based 

solutions," Runkle said. "Investing in sound 

science to predict, monitor and verify the 

benefits of these strategies is 

fundamental to ensuring 

their success."


Nature-based climate solutions include reforestation, 

as well as climate-smart agriculture, and wetland

 restoration. They harness natural processes to

 reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the 

atmosphere and slow climate change.


These approaches have substantial and growing

 support from bipartisan lawmakers, the private 

sector and conservation-minded organizations, 

but the scientific evidence to support their

 effectiveness is not fully developed.


The authors identify critical gaps in the science needed..

 to support large-scale implementations of nature-based

 climate solutions and chart a research agenda to

 address these gaps. They also provide a set of

 principles to guide future assessments of the

 effectiveness and viability of nature-

based climate solutions.


Among the numerous strategies for achieving the

 overall goal, Runkle's research group focuses on

 ecosystem-scale measurement. They use 

micrometeorological flux towers to 

measure basic atmospheric 



 The measurements will enable the team to enhance

 and expand ground-based monitoring networks 

and distributed experiments.


This effort includes: • Creating robust datasets against 

which models, mapping tools and monitoring protocols

 can be evaluated and compared. • Creating networks

 of distributed field trials and experiments to evaluate

 emerging or understudied strategies for nature-based

 climate solutions. • Enhancing existing environmental 

observation networks with more representative sites 

and data. • Creating a national soil-carbon-

monitoring network.


"Essentially we can use the many agricultural fields of

 Arkansas... as test-beds for research under real-world

 management conditions," Runkle said. "This provides

 a quicker and more thorough understanding of how

 field and farm management can be used to boost 

sustainability outcomes -- quicker because we

 don't have to work first in a greenhouse and

 then an experimental farm."


Runkle has already started. He recently received $1

 million from the USDA Climate Smart Agriculture

 Initiative, a project led by USA Rice and Ducks

 Unlimited. The award is part of $80 million in
funding from US Department of Agriculture 

to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions 

associated with rice production.


The grant was one of 70 announced in September, 

totaling a $2.8 billion investment.. in the creation
Partnerships for Climate Smart Commodities
the USDA.


US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack visited Isbell 

Farms in central Arkansas on Sept. 16 to highlight 

the project. Runkle has collaborated with the 

Isbells for several years, focused on making 

rice production more sustainable and 

climate friendly.



$10.1 billion to be allocated to 

environmental programs for

 2023-2025: Russian minister

October 7th, 3:46pm (TASS)

 Funding for environmental protection, natural 

resources reproduction and use and forestry

 development programs... will amount to 

628 bln rubles ($10.1 bln) ..over the 

next three years, Russian Minister 

of Natural Resources Alexander 

Kozlov said on Friday.

"The Environment Protection state programs - 320 bln

 [rubles] ($5.1 bln) --- for the three-year period. We
have such positions here as hydrometeorology, 

environmental supervision, Arctic research 

and hunting, and such federal projects as 

Clean Country, Clean Air, Integrated 

System of Solid Communal Waste

 Management, and Preservation 

of Lake Baikal, Biodiversity 

and Eco-tourism," the 

Minister said.

Funding for the state program... of natural resources

 reproduction and use, will amount to 156 bln rubles

 ($2.5 bln) in the three years to come, and 152 bln 

rubles ($2.45 bln) will be provided for the state 

program of forestry development, 

Kozlov added.



Microplastics are 

now discovered
plant leaves

September 12th, 10:37pm 



The University of Presov in Slovakia said that in the

 studied samples of plant leaves, scientists, for
first time, found traces of microplastics.

findings are published
in the
 journal BioRisk.


Plants from the genus of villi (Dipsacus) have

 characteristic leaves growing in pairs on 

several tiers --- which forms a kind of 

receptacle that collects water and 

attracts insects into it.


 In the samples taken, experts found fragments and

 fibres of multi-coloured microplastics -- some of 

which were up to 2.4 millimetres long. No third

-party sources of pollution around the territory 

were recorded, so the plastic got into the 

flowers from the polluted atmosphere, 

the researchers say. 


Another suggestion is that it could have been

 introduced by snails from the soil or from 

other plants.


In the future, experts plan to thoroughly study the

 impact of microplastics on ecosystems of flora 

and insects. In addition, they suggest using 

villi as bioindicators of environmental 



In June 2022, the University of Canterbury 

announced the first detection of micro-

plastics in fresh snow.. in Antarctica.




Cuba will host the International 

Agroforestry Convention in

by Elsy Fors Garzon

August 27th, 3:43am

(Prensa Latina) 


Cuba will host the 2022 International Agroforestry 

Convention next October, a macro-event aimed 

at researchers, academics, businessmen and 

communicators, it was reported at a

 press conference.


The director of the Agroforestry Research Institute 

(INAF), Pedro Pablo Henry, highlighted that the VIII 

Forestry Congress of Cuba, the IV International

Congress of Coffee and Cocoa, the VIII 

International Meeting of Young 

Researchers and the VII Cuban

 Congress of Beekeeping, will 

meet, as part of the event.


Henry pointed out that for 4 days the event’s agenda

will occupy the link between forests and society, 

biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate 

change, production, as well as the 

interactions of forests and water 

and sustainable agricultural

production technologies.


Similarly, the director of the INAF, highlighted, that 

the integrated management of soils and nutrients, 

agroforestry activity  ....facing the challenges
achieve the UNs Sustainable Development
Goals, the quality, benefit 
and by-products
of coffee, and cocoa, 
will be discussed &
the improvement 
and breeding of bees.


Henry stressed that the convention will be an opportune

 moment - to exchange endorsed scientific experiences 

that directly affect the increase in productive activity.


The director of the INAF reported that the presence of

 about 400 participants is estimated, and that to date 

specialists from Italy, Peru, Panama, Mexico, 

Colombia and Ecuador, have confirmed.




Many Ways Nature 

Nurtures Human 


August 7th, 10:31am (FNA)


 A systematic review of 301 academic articles, 

on "cultural ecosystem services" has enabled
researchers to identify how the nonmaterial 

contributions from nature, are linked to and 

significantly affect, human well-being. 


They identified 227 unique pathways through which

 human interaction with nature - positively or 

negatively - affects well-being. These were 

then used to isolate 16 distinct underlying 

mechanisms, or types of connection, 

through which people experience 

these effects.


The comprehensive review brings together observations

from a fragmented field of research, which could be 

of great use to policymakers --- looking to benefit 

society through the careful use and protection 

of the intangible benefits of nature.


Do you ever feel the need for a bit of fresh air... to

 energize yourself, or to spend time in the garden 

to relax? Aside from clean water, food & useful 

raw materials, nature provides many other 

benefits, that we might overlook, or find 

hard to grasp and quantify. 


Research into cultural ecosystem services (CESs) the

 nonmaterial benefits we receive from nature, aims to

 better understand these contributions, whether they 

emerge through recreation and social experiences, 

or nature's spiritual value and our sense of place.


Hundreds of CESs studies have explored the

 connections between nature and human 

well-being. However -- they have often 

used different methods and measure

-ments -- or focused on different 

demographics and places. 


This fragmentation makes it difficult to identify

 overarching patterns or commonalities, on 

how these intangible contributions really 

affect human well-being. Better under-

standing them could aid real-world 

decision-making --- about the 

environment, which could 

benefit individuals and 

the wider society.


To try to get a "big-picture" view, graduate student

 Lam Huynh, from the Graduate Program in

 Sustainability Science at the University 

of Tokyo, and team... conducted a 

systematic literature review of 

301 academic articles. 


After a critical reading, they were able to identify 

hundreds of links. "We identified 227 unique 

linkages between a single CES (such as 

recreation or aesthetic value), and a 

single constituent of human well-

being (such as connectedness, 

spirituality, or health). 


''We knew that there are many linkages, but we were

 surprised ---- to find quite so many of them," said
"Then, through further critical reading,
we could 
identify major commonalities."


In particular, they identified 16 distinct underlying 

"mechanisms," or types of connection, which 

refer to the different ways that people's 

interaction with nature... affects


For example, there can be positive interactions through

 "cohesive," "creative" and "formative" mechanisms,

 but also, negative interactions, through "irritative" 

and "destructive" mechanisms. Previous studies 

had identified some of these mechanisms, but 

10 were newly defined --- including the more 

negative effects, clearly showing that our 

well-being is linked to the intangible 

aspects of nature, in many more 

ways than previously thought.


According to the paper, the negative contributions 

to human well-being came mainly through the

 degradation or loss of CESs, and through 

ecosystem "disservices" ------ such as 

annoyance at wildlife noise, which 

can affect some people's mental 

health, in particular. 


However, on the other hand, the highest positive 

contributions of CESs, were to both mental and 

physical health, which were generated mainly

 through: recreation, tourism and 

aesthetic value.


"It is particularly interesting to note that the identified

 pathways and mechanisms, rather than affecting

 human well-being independently, often interact

 strongly," explained co-author, Alexandros 

Gasparatos, associate professor at the 

Institute for Future Initiatives (IFI)
the University of Tokyo. 


"This can create negative trade-offs in some contexts, 

but also important positive synergies that can be

 leveraged, to provide multiple benefits to 

human well-being."


Despite the comprehensiveness of the review, the

 researchers acknowledge that there may still be

 more links, that have not yet been identified,

 especially as the review revealed gaps in

 the current research landscape. 


"We hypothesize... that missing pathways and

mechanisms could be present in ecosystem

-dependent communities, and, especially, 

traditional and Indigenous communities, 

considering their very unique relations 

with nature," said Gasparatos.


"Another of the knowledge gaps we identified --- is 

that the existing literature on these nonmaterial 

dimensions of human-nature relationships 

--- mainly focuses... on the well-being of 

individuals, rather than on collective 

(community) well-being," 

explained Huynh.


 "This significant gap hinders our capacity to identify

 possible synergies and trade-offs in ecosystem

 management research and practice."


The team has now received a grant, to explore the

 effects of CESs provision to human well-being in

 the urban spaces of Tokyo. "This project is a 

logical follow-up, to test whether and how 

some of the identified pathways and 

mechanisms unfold in reality and

 ...intersect with human well-

being," said Gasparatos.


The researchers hope that this study and similar efforts,

 will make it possible to apply the key findings from this

 complex and diverse body of knowledge, to enable a

 real-world impact. 


Professor Kensuke Fukushi from IFI, and study co-

author, summarized their hope that: "an improved 

understanding of nature's many connections to 

human well-being & the underlying processes

 mediating them, can help policymakers to 

design appropriate interventions. Such 

coordinated actions - could leverage 

the positive contributions of these 

connections - & become another 

avenue to protect and manage 

ecosystems sustainably."




EU Climate Plan Doomed 

Unless Anti-Russia 

Sanctions Lifted: 


July 10th, 10:29am

(al Manar)


The controversial EU green transition plan, also known

 as Fit for 55, which was designed to reduce the bloc’s 

greenhouse gas emissions by 55%... by 2030, is

 unfeasible --- unless sanctions against Russia 

are lifted, EU lawmaker, Roman Haider, 

told Sputnik.


“They don’t know how to save their unrealistic

 and dangerous, Fit for 55 strategy --- without 

canceling the sanctions against Russia,”
Haider considered.


On Wednesday, the European Parliament backed EU 

regulations designating nuclear and gas energy: as

 environmentally sustainable economic activities, 

saying that private investment in gas and 

nuclear projects... may play a role in
green transition process.


Massively harmful to the environment


Haider indicated that the European Parliament 

decision signaled that EU governments are 

facing a stark reality, recognizing that 

more time and more realistic goals 

are required to transform the 

energy infrastructure

 in Europe.


“This package is a massive threat to businesses in

 Europe. It makes Europe even more dependent
 imports and drives the price spiral further 

upwards. It destroys jobs, promotes the

 impoverishment of Europeans --- and is 

massively harmful to the environment.

In short, Fit for 55 - is a serious threat 

to Europe,” the EU lawmaker warned.


He also stressed that to achieve carbon neutrality

 by 2040.. and meet the goals of the Paris climate

 agreement, Austria would have to cut emissions,

 by 95% over the next 18 years, as a recent study

 shows that the country’s CO2 emissions in 2021 

reached 1990 levels.


Source: Agencies (edited by

 Al-Manar English Website)




Colombians Reject Judicial 

Authorization for Fracking

July 8th, 2022



The decision disregards the risk of serious and

 irreversible damage that this experimental 

technique represents --- for the human 

environment, health, and integrity.


On Thursday, Colombian environmental defenders

 rejected a decision whereby the Council of State

 facilitates oil exploitation through hydraulic

 fracturing (fracking).


"The decision disregards the environmental 

precautionary principle -- and the risk of 

serious and irreversible damage that 

this experimental technique 

represents: for the human 

environment, health, and 

integrity" ...the Fracking 

Free Colombia Alliance

 (ACLF) stressed.


“Fracking is dangerous, in the context of the 

climate crisis and openly inconsistent with 

the international commitments acquired 

by Colombia,” it recalled.


The ACLF also recalled, that the implementation 

of this technique will increase risks to the lives 

of environmental defenders and Indigenous 

peoples in Magdalena Medio, "a territory 

that has suffered oil exploitation and 

armed violence, for more than 

a century."


The Colombian debate about fracking's environmental

 and social consequences intensified during the

 administration of President Juan Manuel 

Santos (2010-2018), who signed a 

decree that opened the doors to

 the use of fracking in so-called 

"unconventional deposits''.


Later, despite the social rejection of the pollution and

 violence associated with the operations of fracking

 companies, the far-right President Ivan Duque
implemented this exploitation practice, 

arguing that it would contribute to 

the country's energy security.


During the last electoral campaign, the Historical 

Pact candidate Gustavo Petro openly took a 

position against hydraulic fracturing.


On Thursday, ratifying his political promises, 

the President-elect Petro said "there will be 

no fracking in Colombia."



The Brazilian Amazon Lost 

3,987 SQ KM of Vegetation

July 8th, 12:53pm (teleSUR)


Since Jair Bolsonaro came to power, in 

January 2019, the rates of devastation 

in the jungle have increased by 73%.


On Friday, Brazil's National Institute for Space

Research (INPE) revealed that deforestation

in the Brazilian Amazon broke a record in 

the first half of the year, with 3,987 

square kilometres of devastated 

vegetation, 10.6 percent more 

than the same period in 2021.


The area of lost vegetation is equivalent to 483 

football fields. In June alone, 1,120 square 

kilometres of native vegetation were 

destroyed in that region of the 

country, 5.5 percent more 

than in the same month 

of 2021.


These are the highest rates - for the month and for 

the semester - registered since 2016, when the

 measurement began. The data corresponds to
the Legal Amazon Deforestation 
System in Real Time 
(DETER) which uses
images to offer early warnings 

about the areas that are being 
deforested in the Amazon.


This system captures monthly deforestation alarms in

 Brazil and differs from the PRODES system, which

 only issues annual information between August 

and July of the following year, which is 

considered the reference period for 

measuring environmental 



However, the figures are beginning to worry, as the 

trend shows that the deforestation of the jungle 

will grow for the 4th consecutive year, 

something that environmentalists 

attribute to the lack of controls 

and supervision of President 

Bolsonaro's administration,

to stop the activities that 

destroy the forest, such 

as illegal mining or the 

illicit trade in wood.


In fact, the far-right politician defends the 

exploitation of natural resources in the 

Amazon and in indigenous territories, 

where the law prohibits 

extractive activities.


Since Bolsonaro came to power in January 2019, 

the rates of devastation in the jungle have 

increased by 73 percent to reach 13,038 

square kilometres in 2021. In 2018, a 

year before the former Capitan took 

office, only 7,536 sq. kilometres 

of jungle were devastated.


The largest tropical forest on the planet 

concentrates 72%of Brazil's mining 

extraction and 99% of the wood 

sold by the country is illegally 

extracted from the Amazon.




Did you know...?


Russia is the only country in the world

where bio-resources... are increasing

every year: forests, fish and wildlife.

Image: Cuba-proteccion-medio-ambiente

Environmental protection 

--- a priority in Cuba’s

legislative framework

by Ileana Ferrer Fonte

June 5th, 11:07am (Prensa Latina) 


The protection of the environment in Cuba has 

solid foundations in a regulatory framework 

adapted to the peculiarities of the 

Caribbean island, which faces 

the severe impacts of 

climate change.


The Government’s will to promote sustainable 

development is expressed in the design and

implementation of specific policies --- such 

as the Natural Resources & Environment 

Macro Program... that, in turn, responds
the priorities established in Cuba’s 

National Economic and Social 

Development Plan.


Odalys Goicochea, general director for the 

Environment at the Ministry of Science, 

Technology and Environment (CITMA), 

explained how regulations respond

to the existing social demands

and problems.


“Tarea Vida” (Task Life), a Cuban State Plan to 

Face Climate Change, for example, underwent 

adjustments, in order to provide more specific 

attention to social aspects, and the need to 

involve scientists and the population 

--- to solve community problems, 

Goicochea said.


Several strategies... including the 

National Environmental Strategy 

- approved for the 2021-2025 

period - will allow measuring 

progress made in this area, 

thanks to indicators:- such 

as the ecological footprint 

index, the environmental 

quality index - & climate

resilience - are proof of 

the efforts made in the 

regulatory field.


The highest expression of Cuba’s political 

willingness to protect the environment, 

is the recent approval by the National 

People’s Power Assembly, of the 

Law on Natural Resources and 

Environment System.

Image: Cuba-dia-mundial-del-medio-ambiente

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel 

marks World Environment Day

by Ileana Ferrer Fonte

June 5th, 10:17am (Prensa Latina) 


President Miguel Diaz-Canel on Sunday marked 

World Environment Day, which is celebrated 

in Cuba with firm steps to preserve nature.


On Twitter, the president recalled that Cuba has a 

new law on Natural Resources and Environment, 

includes the natural sphere in the Heritage 

Protection Law, & ''types'' environmental 

crimes in the Penal Code.


On #WorldEnvironmentDay, recalling that speech 

made by #Fidel in #RiodeJaneiro in 1992 is 

essential. It seems that it has been said 

for today, Diaz-Canel tweeted, in 

another of his messages.


The president referred to the speech given by the

 historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel 

Castro, at the United Nations Conference on 

Environment and Development in Brazil, 

where he warned 30 years ago about 

the negative impact of humankind 

on nature.


“Enough of selfishness. Enough of schemes 

of domination. Enough of insensitivity, 

irresponsibility and deceit. Tomorrow 

will be too late to do what we should 

have done a long time ago,” said 

Fidel Castro on that occasion, 

when he advocated for a just

 international economic order.


World Environment Day has been celebrated since

1973 --- to raise awareness among the world’s 

population -- about the importance of caring

 for ecosystems and promoting respect 

for nature.




Plastic waste has more

than doubled since 2000

by Pavel López Lazo

February 24th, 6:35pm (Prensa Latina) 


A report entitled Global Plastics Outlook on

Thursday, revealed that the amount of 

plastic waste has more than doubled 

globally since 2000 --- and nearly a 

quarter, is dumped in uncontrolled 

sites, burned in open pits or leaks 

into the environment.


Plastic waste has more than doubled
worldwide, since 2000, with a
whopping 353 million tons
produced in 2019.


After taking into account losses during
recycling, only 9% of plastic waste 

was ultimately recycled, while 

19% was incinerated and 

nearly 50% went to 

sanitary landfills.


“The remaining 22% was disposed of in

 uncontrolled dumpsites, burned in 

open pits, or leaked into

 the environment.”


On the other hand, a scientific study shows 

the oceans already accumulate 24.4 billion

 pieces of microplastic.


Experts estimated that amounts range from

 82,000 to 578,000 tons, or the equivalent 

of roughly $30 billion 500-ml plastic 

water bottles.


According to the journal Microplastics and

 Nanoplastics, the study aimed to assess 

the true impact these particles have, on 

aquatic organisms and the environment.


Microplastics – up to 5-mm size – can travel

thousands of kilometres in the open sea 

and, depending on their degradation, 

remain at certain distances from 

the ocean surface.


Although more research is needed to know the 

effects of microplastics, several studies have

confirmed a real impact on people’s lives, as 

they can suffer from alveolar lung disease, 

and altered hormones, leading to other 

disorders, including infertility 

or hypothyroidism.


According to a report published by the World

 Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), people are at 

risk of ingesting around 5 grams of
plastic, per week.






 "A recent publication by a European commission
on soil health found up 
to 70% of soils in the
EU, a
re losing the capacity to provide
crucial ecological 


"When soil is healthy, it stores and drains water.
It also grows 95% of the 
food humans eat.''

''When soil is 
degraded, its basic
processes don't
properly. "

Go to this site before it's ''lost'':



Illegal gold mines flood

 Amazon forests with

 toxic mercury

by Elsy Fors Garzon

 January 29th, 3:02am (Prensa Latina)


 Illegal gold mines in the Amazon jungle of Peru

 contaminate with mercury at levels as high as

 those found in the industrial regions of China,

 a new investigation revealed today.


The levels, 137 micrograms per square metre 

of soil each year, were higher than in any 

forest tested near coal-fired power plants

 in Europe and North America... the 

authors reported...  in the British

 journal Nature Communication.


They behaved on a par with industrial cities in China 

such as coal-dependent Chongqing, they described, 

adding that the findings suggest a sponge-like

 behaviour of the rainforest trees.


The leaves, which are coated with contaminated dust,

 also absorb gaseous mercury as they take in air,

 they noted in the article.


The metal, eventually, finds its way to the ground 

as leaves fall or rain washes away dust and after

capturing the dripping water, they discovered 

more than twice as much rain washout, 

compared to any other site.


The results indicated that forests can buffer some 

of the harmful effects of mercury, by hiding it in

 leaves and soil, the study participants noted.


People and wildlife are generally not at risk from 

this locked-up mercury, explained Luis 

Fernandez, a tropical ecologist and 

executive director of Wake Forest 

University’s Amazon Science

 Innovation Centre.


You could walk, swim in the water, bury yourself in

 the leaves... and you’re not going to get toxicity 

doing that -- a reason to keep tropical forests 

standing, the expert emphasized.


Still, the airborne form of mercury can become very

 dangerous when it seeps into water and sediment 

and is converted to something else, 

methylmercury, by bacteria in

 the liquid, he warned.


The team involved found sobering signs, that

 methylmercury is reaching forest creatures, 

and by testing three species of songbirds 

they had levels two to 12 times higher 

than similar species caught in a 

forest far from a mine.


This shows that it is entering the food web, said 

Emily Bernhardt, a subject supervisor for

 biogeochemistry and analysis at Duke 

University in North Carolina.


Research data shows that gold mining recently

overtook coal burning, as the world’s largest 

source of airborne mercury pollution, 

annually releasing up to 1,000 tons 

of the potent brain poison into 

the atmosphere.




Media report


 impact of sea

 by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado

January 11th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 


Sea traffic in Europe accounts for 13.5 percent 

of the emission of greenhouse gases and 

carbon microparticles into the airways 

of crews working on ships, 

media reported.


The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) made

 public its 2021 report on the environmental impact 

of those operations, which revealed that container 

ships, bulk carriers and oil tankers account for 60

 percent of the emission of those particles (soot).


It noted that cruise ships, despite making up a low

percentage of the total fleet, emit 10 tons per ship 

a year, a figure lower than the 1.7 recorded for 

an oil tanker.


The report warned about wastewater discharge: large

 ships discharge huge quantities of dirty, oily, bilge

 and ballast water and solid waste (plastics, 

packages, food waste) into the sea, 

causing damage to the 

sea's ecosystems.


According to EMSA, the main dirty waters discharged

 into the sea are used to clean exhaust gases of 

chimneys through filters installed to retain

 polluting particles.


On the other hand, the report warned about the

 accidental loss of huge amounts of containers 

with all their content, which ends up at the 

bottom of the sea.


Another negative impact is the so-called underwater

 noise, caused by ships, which disturbs the life of 

cetaceans and other species that use

 frequencies to communicate with

 each other.





2022 to be among 

hottest years 

since 1850

by Ana Luisa Brown

January 7th, 00:30am (Prensa Latina)  


The average temperature in 2022 will be 

between 0.97 and 1.21 degrees Celsius

 (°C), among the warmest years since 

1850, the World Meteorological 

Organization (WMO) noted 

regarding the estimates 

from the UK Service.



The fact that the central figure has exceeded 1.0°C

 since 2015 masks the considerable international 

variation, explained one of the leading experts 

in climate prediction, Doug Smith, who added 

that in some places, such as the Arctic, 

temperatures have risen several 

degrees... since pre-

industrial times.


According to the head of Long Range Forecasting 

at the British Met Office, Professor Adam Scaife, 

the predicted temperature illustrates that the 

increase in greenhouse gases in the 

atmosphere is now warming the 

planet at an exponential rate.





China's 'man-made sun' 

sets new world record

December 31st, 2:22pm (PressTV)


Chinese scientists have set a new world record

 by achieving a 1,056 second-long operation of 

a "man-made sun".


The breakthrough was made on Thursday during 

the latest round of experiments at the 

experimental advanced super-

conducting tokamak (EAST),

 or China's "man-made sun".


The scientists achieved a temperature of 70 million

degrees Celsius of long-pulse and high-parameter

 plasma, lasting for 1,056 seconds, according to 

Gong Xianzu, a researcher at the Institute of 

Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of 

Sciences. The scientist is in charge of the 

experiment conducted in Hefei, capital 

of east China's Anhui province.


They had earlier set a world record of achieving 

a plasma temperature of 120 million degrees 

Celsius for 101 seconds on May 28 this year.


The latest round of experiments started in early 

December this year, and will last until at least 

June 2022.


The ultimate goal of EAST, located in Hefei, is 

to create nuclear fusion like the Sun, using 

deuterium abounding in the sea, to 

provide a steady stream of 

clean energy.




World faces largest
species extinction 

since dinosaur era,
WWF warns

December 31st, 1:09pm (RT)


Around a million species might disappear 

within the next few decades.....  the 

conservation organization reports


The Earth is facing the biggest extinction event.. 

since the end of the dinosaur era, with a million 

species at risk of becoming extinct, within the 

next few decades, the World Wildlife Fund

 (WWF) has said in a report.


Titled ‘Winners and Losers of 2021’, the article, 

published on Wednesday, lists the endangered 

animals whose populations have shrunk or 

grown the most this year.


“African forest elephants, polar bears, tree frogs, 

cranes and species of fish such as sturgeon and 

huchen --- these are just some of the losers in
They represent thousands of
endangered animal 
the WWF said.


Among the ‘winners’, the organization lists the Iberian

 lynx – one of the rarest cats in the world – along with

 Nepalese rhinos and great bustard birds. Noting that
the success of these species is a tribute to

 the efforts of conservationists, the WWF 

emphasizes that the situation 

remains serious.


“Around a million species could become extinct within

 the next few decades, which would mark the largest

 species extinction since the end of the dinosaur

 era,” the organization claimed.


According to a WWF board member Eberhard

 Brandes, species protection, now involves 

the question of “whether humanity will 

someday end up on the red list in a 

hazard category and become the

 loser of its own way of life.”


There are more than 40,000 animal and plant species

 currently on the International Red List, qualified as

 threatened with extinction by the International 

Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 


In total the Red List includes almost 

142,600 endangered species.



Fully biodegradable food 

packaging developed 

in Russia

December 21st, 2:55am (TASS) 


The first food packaging made of laminated 

cardboard, which decomposes in soil in 

six months, was developed in Russia, 

OSQ press service told TASS.


"Laminated craft packaging, when it gets into the

ground, 100% decomposes within six months

& has no analogs in Russia. For comparison, 

plastic food packaging begins to decompose 

in the ground only after 400 years. The 

products of the company’s previous 

brand underwent 70% 

decomposition in the 

environment," the

 statement said.


The company specified that the production of 

cardboard containers, cups, and other types 

of packaging has been established at the 

company's plant in Vidnoye, Moscow 

Region. In the future, additional 

capacities will be added to the 

plant in Kaliningrad - with the

investments in construction

of 1.1 bln rubles
($14.85 mln).




Biden electric vehicle push 

hits ''setback'' in US Senate

December 20th, 11:04am (PressTV)


A bid by the White House to dramatically boost 

electric vehicle tax credits hit a major road-

block on Sunday, when a key Senate 

Democrat...   said he would not 

support Biden's $1.75 trillion 

domestic investment bill.


West Virginia's Joe Manchin appeared to deal a fatal

 blow to President Joe Biden's signature domestic

 policy bill, known as Build Back Better, which 

also aims to expand the social safety net 

and tackle climate change.


The bill includes increasing the current $7,500 EV tax

 credit to up to $12,500 for union-made US vehicles 

as well as creating a credit of up to $4,000 for 

used vehicles. The bill would also, again, 

make General Motors and Tesla Inc... 

eligible for tax credits after they hit

 the 200,000-vehicle cap on the 

existing $7,500 credit.


The bill also includes a 30% credit
commercial electric vehicles.


GM and Ford are both launching electric pickup

 trucks in 2022, and new tax credits could be 

crucial to meeting initial sales targets,
well as meeting rising vehicle 

emissions requirements.


Biden wants 50% of new US vehicles to be electric or

 plug-in electric hybrid, by 2030. The administration

 is expected, as soon as this week, to finalize

 tougher new vehicle emissions rules 

through 2026, automakers say.


Manchin opposes a $4,500 tax credit for union-made

 vehicles that is part of the $12,500 proposal. He 

calls the union credit "wrong" and 

"not American."


The EV tax credits are backed by Biden, many 

congressional Democrats and the United
 Workers (UAW) union and would 

disproportionately benefit Detroit's
Big Three auto
makers - GM, Ford
 Co and Chrysler parent 

Stellantis NV - which 

assemble their US-

made vehicles in 

union plants.


Tesla, and foreign automakers operating in the 

United States do not have unions representing 

assembly workers --- and many have fought 

UAW efforts to organize US plants.


Toyota Motor Corp, which has a plant in West 

Virginia, but whose US employees are not 

union members, has ''lobbied'' against 

the $4,500 union credit.


Toyota announced this month it is building a $1.29

 billion battery plant in North Carolina, while EV 

startup, Rivian Automotive, said on Thursday 

that it will build a $5 billion plant in Georgia.


Vehicles would have to be made in the United States 

starting in 2027, to qualify for any of the $12,500 

credit, which includes $500 for US made 

batteries. It has faced criticism from 

Canada, Mexico, Japan and

 the European Union.

(Source: Reuters)



‘Doomsday Glacier’ 

--- melting at an

alarming rate

December, 15th, 11:54am (RT)


A massive glacier in Antarctica, seen as crucial to
global sea level rise, could lose its ice shelf in

“as little as five years,” a team of scientists

has warned.


The Thwaites Glacier in western Antarctica is

 sometimes called the Doomsday Glacier 

because of its great potential to raise 

sea levels once melted. The glacier

 is about 74,000 square miles... 

which is roughly the size of 

Florida, according to 

CBS News.


A team of US scientists reported at a US Geophysical

 Union meeting, this week, that new cracks were

forming on the eastern ice shelf --- which 

supports one third of the glacier.

 shelf, which “acts as a dam to slow 

the flow of ice off the continent into 

the ocean,” appears to be “losing 

its grip” ...due to warm water 

seeping under the glacier, 

researchers said, citing

 satellite images.


“If this floating ice shelf breaks apart, the Thwaites

 Glacier will accelerate, and its contribution to sea

 level rise, will increase by as much as 25%,” the

 scientists wrote, adding that the shelf could
 broken up in “as little as five years.”


According to the study, one of the fastest-melting

 glaciers in Antarctica is contributing as much as

 4% of global annual sea level rises, today, while 

the cracks are expanding into the central part 

of the ice shelf, at rates as high as 2km 

(1.2 miles) per year.


“There is going to be dramatic change in the front 

of the glacier, probably in less than a decade. 

Both published and unpublished studies 

point in that direction,” geology 

professor Ted Scambos, US 

lead coordinator for the 

International Thwaites 

Glacier Collaboration.. 

told the BBC, Tuesday.




New FAO report on land, 

water resources, paints

 an alarming picture

by Pavel López Lazo

December 9th, 5:13pm (Prensa Latina) 


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United

 Nations (FAO) on Thursday launched a landmark

 report highlighting the worsening state of the 

earth’s soil, land and water resources and 

the challenges it poses... for feeding a 

global population expected to near 

ten billion by 2050.


“The pressures on soil, land and water ecosystems...

 are now intense, and many are stressed to a critical

 point,” FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, wrote in

 the foreword to the synthesis report, entitled the 

State of the World´s Land and Water Resources 

for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking

 points (SOLAW 2021)....  “Against this back-

ground, it is clear our future food security 

will depend on safeguarding our land, 

soil and water resources.”


The report says if we keep to the current trajectory,

 producing the additional 50% more food needed

 could mean water withdrawals for agriculture 

increasing by up to 35%. That could create

 environmental disasters, increase 

competition for resources, and 

fuel new social challenges

 and conflicts.


Among other aspects, it stands out that human-induced
soil degradation affects 34% (1,660 
billion hectares)
of agricultural lands. Over 
95% of our food is
produced on land, but 
there is little room
for expanding areas 
of productive land.
Urban areas occupy 
less than 0.5% of
the Earth’s land 
surface but the rapid
growth of 
cities... has significantly
 land & water resources, 

polluting & encroaching on prime
agricultural land 
that’s crucial...
productivity & food security.


With limited arable land and freshwater resources - a 

rapid scaling-up of technology and innovation is vital. 

We must strengthen the digital architecture needed
 provide basic data, information & science-based 

solutions for agriculture... that make full use of 

digital technologies and are climate-proofing.


Land and water governance must be more inclusive

 and adaptive, to benefit millions of smallholder

 farmers, women, youth, and indigenous 

peoples. They are the most vulnerable

 to climatic and other socio-economic 

risks, and face the greatest food



Sustainable soils, land and water are the foundations

 for resilient agrifood systems. So the sustainable 

use of these resources... is key to achieving 

climate mitigation and adaptation targets.





Earth is Getting Its Own

Black Box 

That Will Tell What Caused 

Humanity's Demise

December 6th, 1:08pm (Sputnik)


The device will be placed on an empty plain in

 Tasmania, Australia. The researchers behind

 the project, say the area was chosen for its 

geological as well as geopolitical stability. 

Other locations proposed, were located 

in Malta, Norway, and Qatar.


Researchers from the University of Tasmania... 

have partnered with the Australian marketing

 communications company, Clemenger 

BBDO, to create a black box for our 

planet, which they say.... will tell 

future generations (and maybe 

extraterrestrial guests, who 

knows)....... what caused

 humanity's demise.


Black boxes installed on airplanes and automobiles

 play an invaluable role in establishing the causes 

of accidents - so why shouldn't Earth have one, 

researchers apparently wondered. Jim Curtis,

the executive creative director at Clemenger 

BBDO, told ABC --- that the project is 

completely non-commercial.


The box will be made from 7.5 centimetre-thick steel

 ...and will be filled with a mass of storage drives, 

which, according to researchers, will record 

"every step we take... towards" a potential 

catastrophe, meaning they are gathering 

information: on pollution, the extinction 

of species, ocean acidification, as well 

as climate change-related events such

 as average temperatures, and levels 

of carbon dioxide. The latter traps 

heat radiated from the Sun and 

consequently leads to

 climate change.


The black box will have an internet connection and 

will also collect contextual data ...such as news 

about key international events like the United 

Nations Climate Change Conference, 

meetings between world
leaders, etc. 


Although the construction of the structure to house the

 box will begin in the middle of 2022, the hard drives 

have already begun recording information.


The black box, which will be the size of a bus, will also

 have solar panels to provide backup power storage.


Jonathan Kneebone, a co-founder of the artistic 

collective, Glue Society, which is also involved

 in the project, said the device is "built to 

outlive us all".


Researchers say that while the main objective is to

 help future civilisations, or whoever accesses the

 black box, to understand what should be done to

 prevent catastrophes, they also hope that it will

 make politicians... put their money where their 

mouths are, when it comes to preserving the 

environment and protecting life on Earth.


"It's also there to hold leaders to account – to make

 sure their action - or inaction - is recorded. When 

people know they're being recorded... it does 

have an influence on what they do and say",

 said Jonathan Kneebone.


FAO calls for urgent action on

 sustainable soil management

by Luis Linares Petrov

December 4th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 


FAO Director General Qu Dongyu called to take

 urgent action - to improve information and 

capacities in favoor of sustainable soil.


The head of the United Nations Food and Agriculture

 Organization (FAO)took part in a video conference 

of the eighth edition of World Soil Day, which has 

been celebrated every December 5th, by 

decision of the General Assembly,

 since 2014.


Stopping salinization is the central topic this year, 

which according to Qu is one of the main threats

 to having healthy soils around the world.


The director general recalled that some 833 million

 hectares are affected by salinization in all corners 

of the planet, as shown in the World Soil Map 

presented in October.


He pointed out that it is a problem present in all

 regions, particularly in the Near East, South 

America, North Africa, as well as in the

 Pacific and Central Asia.


The effects of salt on soils pose a significant risk

 to world food security, he noted, and called to 

seek innovative ways to make agri-food 

systems more efficient, inclusive,

 resilient and sustainable.



Shell oil company abandons 

controversial project in

 British seas

 by Erich Tellez Corrales

December 3rd, 9:24am (Prensa Latina) 


The Anglo-Dutch multinational Royal Dutch Shell 

announced, today, that it will abandon a 

controversial oil exploration project 

in the North Sea, in a decision 

welcomed by the British 

environmental groups.


According to the company, a comprehensive 

analysis of plans to exploit Cambo, a field 

..outlined west of Scotland’s Shetland

 islands, showed that the economic 

benefits are not strong enough at 

the moment, plus there are 

possibilities of delays 

to put the project 

into motion.


The announcement by Shell, which held 30%

of the shares, was greeted with rejoicing by

environmental organizations, and environ-

mental defenders who have been demand-

ing for years.. that the British government 

prohibit exploration & exploitation permits.


Shell is out! This is the beginning of the end of 

Cambo, said on Twitter the environmental 

group, Stop Cambo, which warned, 

however, that it will not rest until 

the entire project is shut down.


Greenpeace’s UK affiliate, which last October lost a

 legal challenge to force the government to reverse

 a permit granted to British Petroleum to operate
a neighbouring North Sea field, said the
Dutch oil company’s withdrawal
should be 
seen as a death blow
to Cambo.


The right decision to ensure the UK’s energy security

 is to speed up the introduction of renewable sources

 and ensure that the interests of oil and gas workers

 are protected through a fair transition, said Labour 

MP and well-known environmentalist Ed Miliband.


The company Siccar Point Energy, which shared

 the Cambo project with Shell, promised to look 

for alternatives to continue exploration, while 

the government limited itself to saying that
is a commercial decision... taken 

independently by the Anglo-

Dutch transnational.




The US – the world’s biggest polluter – 

calls out countries that need to

 'step up' on climate change

December 2nd, 11:26am (PressTV)

US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John 

Kerry, has called out a number of countries 

that need to “step up” on climate change, 

despite the fact that the United States 

has contributed more than any other

country - to the atmospheric carbon 

dioxide that is scorching the planet.

According to studies, the US military is the 

largest consumer of hydrocarbons on 

the planet and one of the largest 

polluters in history.

However, Kerry, in an interview at the Reuters 

Next conference, on Wednesday, accused 

other countries of falling short on their 

commitments to stave off the worst 

effects of global warming.

“And that means you have China, India, Russia, 

Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, South Africa, a 

group of countries that are going to

 have to step up,” Kerry said.

“And we... have to help them. This, is not just 

unloading responsibility on them,” he added.

Kerry has said the current climate situation 

cannot be rectified... without the “full 

engagement and commitment” 

from China.

Democrats in the US House of Representatives 

and Senate --- have already called on US 

President Joe Biden to use targeted 

sanctions to punish individuals 

and companies that are 

worsening the global 

climate crisis.

In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken 

and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last month,

 Democratic lawmakers particularly targeted 

China and its companies.

The lawmakers urged the US administration to use

 sanction authorities under the Global Magnitsky

 Human Rights Accountability Act --- to target 

individuals and companies that are found 

to be involved in climate-related 

corruption and human rights 

abuses abroad.

Both the Trump and Biden administrations used 

the Magnitsky Act, to target individuals and
companies they said were engaged in 

corruption or human rights abuses

 around the world.

Largely, individuals and companies from Russia,

 China, Belarus, Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Eritrea, 

and Cuba, have been targeted.

Last month, scores of countries convened in 

Glasgow, Scotland, for the COP26 climate 

summit, where they reached a deal that 

calls for cutting global carbon dioxide

emissions by 45% by 2030, when

 compared to 2010 levels.

Kerry on Wednesday said private investments for 

clean-energy technologies are also essential for 

fighting climate change, according to Reuters.

“No government on the planet has enough money 

to effect this transition... But, the private sector 

does have that money. I believe the private 

sector has the ability to win this battle

 for us,” he said.

US is world's biggest
plastic polluter:

According to a new report submitted to the US 

federal government on Wednesday, the US is, 

by far, the biggest contributor to global 

plastic waste in the world.

Entitled "Reckoning with the U.S. Role in Global

Ocean Plastic Waste," the report calls for... a 

national strategy to tackle the growing crisis.

The US contributed around 42 million metric tons

 (MMT) in plastic waste in 2016: more than twice

 as much as China has --- and more than all the 

countries of the European Union combined,
according to
 the analysis.

Every US citizen generates 130 kilograms of plastic

waste in a year, with Britain next on the list --- at 

99 kilos per person, per year, followed by

South Korea, at 88 kilos per year,

 AFP reported.  

"The success of the 20th-century miracle invention (sic) 

of plastics, has also produced a global scale deluge 

of plastic waste, seemingly, everywhere we look,"

 wrote Margaret Spring, chief science officer of 

Monterey Bay Aquarium, who chaired the 

committee of experts that compiled 

this report.

Another Government report says climate change 

will shrink the US economy and kill thousands

of US people.


Vietnam readies 2nd largest 

garbage recycling plant
...in the WORLD

 by Lino Céspedes Rodríguez

December 2nd, 10:03am (Prensa Latina) 

Vietnam polishes the finishing touches to a plant 

that will recycle garbage into energy, and be

 the second largest in the world, of its kind, 

officials from investment company Thien

 Y Environment, reported today.

Located on the outskirts of Hanoi, the plant will

have the capacity of processing 4,000 tons of 

waste per day (60% of what is produced by 

the capital) and producing 75 megawatts 

of electricity per hour.

Built at a cost of nearly $ 310 million dollars... the 

plant covers a surface of 173,900 square metres, 

making it the second largest in the world, after 

Chinese Shenzhen, which processes 5,000 

tons of garbage per day.

Left over matter, after being used to produce energy,

 will be incinerated and used in the manufacture of 

bricks and other construction materials.

To fully ensure safety, it will count on a gas 

filtration system: preventing the emission 

of dioxins, mercury, nitrogen and other 

polluting substances into

 the environment.

Vietnam thus takes a new step towards the 

full elimination and use of... solid waste.

Currently the 3 main ways of waste treatment 

in the country, are: burial, the production of 

microbiological fertilizers, and burning.

Only 30% of Vietnam’s existing dumping areas 

meet ecological standards, while most of its 

nearly 300 incinerators, are small-scale.


Climate change...... 

promises unfulfilled, 

pledges forgotten

November 25th, 7:41pm (PressTV)

Climate change, has long been debated under 

different settings, researched and debunked

 and ‘rebunked’ over the years, so much so 

that you would think, strides should have 

been made by now, unfortunately, how-

ever, that hasn't been the case. Major 

corporations and rich countries have 

all fallen short on their so called 



Hypocrisy and inaction


COP 26 still lacks large coal using countries. Studies 

show CO2 levels are back at pre COVID-19 levels in

 the COP countries but did not include Australia, 

China or the United States in the assessment.


Such a state of affairs led to climate protests decrying

 one of the highlights of the COP 26 Summit, the 

coal pledge.


Children Youth Act climate activists protested 

their concerns regarding the slow pace of 

emissions reductions and lack of action

 on the climate emergency.


Children Youth Act climate activists were rightly

 worried about the slow pace of emissions 

reductions and action on the 

climate emergency.


Nothing will be saved without it is important to 

begin with the fact you're born to be creators 

of the ground.


Yrsa Daley-Ward, Writer


The 26th session of the Conference of the Parties 

to the United Nations Framework Convention on

 Climate Change.


Carolina Schmidt, President, COP 25


The opening of the COP 26 summit in Glasgow 

was quite inspiring but it all came down to the 

final draft communiqué.


Well, you know we got a very lengthy 

draft decisions from the presidency…


Carolina Schmidt, President, COP25


We need much more concrete action to be 

sure to actually really meet this 1.5 target.


Maarten Van Aalst, Director, Intl.

 Red Crescent Climate Centre


But the details of the draft were inconsistent 

with the declared intention of phasing out 

coal as a fuel source.


As a reference of a phasing out of coal and we 

are strong believers that that phase out of 

coal [is imperative].


Luca Lacoboni, Greenpeace, Italy


Climate Reality, which is funded by the former US 

Vice President Al Gore, claimed in an article that 

more than 250,000 Americans are exposed to

 levels of cancer risk above the highest 

limits set by the EPA.


This is an environmental justice nightmare and the

 main culprit is toxic pollution from fossil fuels and

 petrochemical facilities.


This is what US Senator Ted Cruz said about 

the climate change summit that took place

 in Glasgow.


I’m not saying they do not believe what they're saying,

 but their hypocrisy is rampant. Headed to this
 conference, these officials flew
in giant jets.


John Kerry has a private jet that has flown dozens 

of times, this past year, all around the country.


I don't know about you, but I don't have a private jet. 

I don't believe any of the people on this stage have

 their own private jet.


John Kerry when asked about his private jet said

 "really, for someone like me it's the only way 

that makes sense to travel".


What dripping, condescending, arrogance!


Ted Cruz, US Senator


Robert Evans is a former member of the European

 Parliament MEP, and a British Labour Cooperative

 politician..... who served as a member of the 

European Parliament from 1994 until 2009. 

He was first elected to the European 

Parliament for London Northwest 

and then in 1999 and 2004 for 

the London constituency.


Taking a look at what the US Senator Ted Cruz has

 said about US policy, slamming his fellow Senator

 John Kerry and other world leaders as a whole 

for travelling on jets to this cop 26 Glasgow 

Summit, does he have a point?


Yeah, I think it's sending entirely the wrong message. 

I realize the challenges that some global leaders have

 getting from A to B or getting from their own country

 to Glasgow, but I think it's sending entirely the 

wrong message when they are arriving in 

private  jets to go around.


Most of the airlines have flights that come to 

London where they could have got a train 

or a number of people could have 

managed it.


Using private airplanes, which are very, very 

carbon expensive, is entirely, not so much

 unnecessary, but it's sending completely 

the wrong message to everybody else.


We have the situation where our Prime Minister 

Boris Johnson came back to London by 

private jet. Well, I looked it up; there 

were six possible scheduled 

airlines flights he could

have taken, or a train 

from Glasgow 

to London.


We cannot have one rule for them 

and one rule for everybody else.


So global leaders need to reflect on that; 

whatever the challenges, there are 

plenty of airlines that could have

 accommodated them.


Robert Evens, Former MEP, British Labour Cooperative


That makes sense and sounds fair, but ‘therein lies 

the rub’ and the barely veiled hypocrisy of what US

 Senator Ted Cruz has said. He himself has, in fact,

 received more money from oil and gas companies 

in 2018 than any other senator.


Ted Cruz received nearly $800,000 from the oil and

 gas industry in the year 2018. And as for other US

 senators, one in four US Senators still hold fossil 

fuel investments.


The households of those 28 senators own a 

combined minimum of $3.7 million, and as 

much as $12.6 billion in fossil fuel assets.


"The vicious spiral of global debt these countries at

the frontline of the climate crisis, unable to respond 

to his Fallout, and the failure of the world's richest 

countries to lift the burden, exposes their climate

 hypocrisy", according to The Tribune.


Debt hypocrisy


COP 26.. actually exposed the debt hypocrisy of the

 rich nations, and that is where the problem is. Last 

year, we had $72 billion flowing out of low income

 countries in debt repayments. These are vital

 resources that could have been directed to 

tackling the climate emergency and easing

 the effects of the Pandemic.


Instead, lower income countries are now spending 

five times more on debt-repayments that they're

 spending on fighting the climate crisis.


Luca Lacoboni is a campaign manager for 

energy and climate at Greenpeace, Italy.


When you take a look at the developing countries

there was a lack of representation. Why was 

that at this conference? It's a summit?


[The] most affected countries, the countries that 

actually see climate change impacting their daily 

life almost every day around the world are those

 countries that are less represented in COP, in
Glasgow and this is absolutely unacceptable

 since the richest countries... are those who 

are feeling the impacts of climate change
less, --- 
and should hear the voices of
the most 
affected countries and of
the most 
effective people.


This is another important sign of the fact that at 

the moment, also that COP26 in Glasgow is 

doing a lot of words, but really, not 

enough action.


Luca Lacaboni, Greenpeace


One wonders how much money was actually spent

 fighting the COVID 19 pandemic, and how much 

was spent saving businesses and countries 

from actually crashing.


For the prime minister of Barbados, the COP26 

summit sheds light on how the desired 1.5 

degrees Celsius goal could already have

 been reached.


The central banks of the wealthiest countries engaged

 in $25 trillion of quantitative easing in the last 13

 years, 25 trillion, of that, 9 trillion was in the 

last 18 months, to fight the pandemic.


If we had used that 25 trillion to purchase bonds, the

 energy transition or the transition of how we eat or

 how we move ourselves in transport, we would 

now be reaching that 1.5 degrees limit that is 

so vital to us.


Mia Motley, PM Barbados


While social media giant Facebook changed its name

 to Meta, a group of protestors placed a large melting

 iceberg sculpture in front of the Capitol Building in

 Washington. This group said Facebook had played

 a major role --- by not stopping the spread of 

climate disinformation.


Actually, climate disinformation is rampant on

 Facebook. There's 1.3 million views of climate

 disinformation daily.


Facebook says that they send 100,000 people 

to their climate information centre every day.


But if we look at their numbers versus the numbers

 that we're getting from the researchers, there's a

 massive discrepancy of how much climate

 misinformation there really is, on 

their platform.


Rewan Al-Haddad, Sumofus Campaign Advisor


When it comes to climate change there needs to be

 strong will, on all fronts, from political incentives to

 budgetary allocations. With so much ground to 

cover on the issue, where would be the 

good place to start?


The companies that are responsible for most of 

the worlds greenhouse gas emissions would

 be a good place to start.


The 20 major fossil fuel companies are collectively

 responsible for 35% of global greenhouse gas

 emissions. Surely if we know who these 20 

companies are, then we should stop them 

from doing what they're doing. If only it 

were that simple.


What is needed is strong political will, and action 

by the gas and oil companies responsible.  


Considering the top corporations, for example, 

Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, Exxon, Mobil, BP, 

and Royal Dutch Shell, and examining how 

much CO2 they actually emitted into the

 atmosphere, we are looking at 480 

billion tons of carbon dioxide.


That's a lot of CO2, regardless of all environmental

 disasters that have happened over the past few

 decades, however, that is not where the 

controversy lies.


The whole notion of the use of coal, oil and gas and its

 detrimental effects on the planet and environments..

 has been known from as long ago as the year 1965.


In 1965 the US president’s scientific advisory

committee announced that pollutants had 

altered the carbon dioxide content of the 

air and the lead concentrations in ocean

waters and human populations... on a 

global scale.


In simpler language, fossil fuels were causing the

 release of carbon dioxide, which was altering the 

air on a global scale, posing a huge risk

 for mankind.


More examples


The American Petroleum Institute issued a warning

 that there's still time to save the planet from the

 catastrophic consequences of pollution but 

that time was running out.


So there has been warning after warning, and, as if

 that were not bad enough... an internal memo from

 Exxon Mobil, in 1981, reveals a shocking warning.


One of the managers issued an internal memo 

saying that the company's long term business 

plans produce effects which will indeed be

 catastrophic, at least for a substantial 

fraction of the Earth's population.


The big oil companies, however, were not going 

to ignore or forgo their profits, thus in 1989 a 

company --- by the name of Global Climate 

Coalition was established. It was, in fact, 

not an environmental group, as the name 

may suggest but was intended to really 

to sow doubts about climate change.


It actually induced lawmakers to block clean 

energy legislation and climate treaties 

throughout the 1990s.


Which is, more or less, when the general public 

began to doubt the effects of climate change.


The COP 26 goal was to reduce carbon 

emissions in the hope of eliminating 

it altogether.


The commitments made by various countries, for

 instance India, which has pledged net zero 

emissions by the year 2070, or Saudi 

Arabia, which made a commitment

 for net zero emissions by the 

year 2060 are both very far

 into the future.


We were under the impression that time is 

running out and it now appears that

 those commitments shall not 

be enough.


Saudi Arabia is a very rich country and it's 

done very well out of oil over many years. 

Of course, I understand why it's worried 

about changing it.


But if you're going to have a net zero by 2060, 

nearly 40 years away, it's totally unacceptable 

as a target. Now, it may be that they don't 

reach it till then but I do believe that 

countries have got to set ambitious

 targets and really make much 

greater moves.


You know, the reason that we are still driving around

 in petrol driven cars, to a large extent, when 50 years

 ago, they had the technology to build battery vehicles, 

they just haven't developed it, is because of the power 

of the oil industry over the years, the oil industry in 

the Middle East, and the plentiful supply of cheap oil. 


The amount of investment (that could have) gone into

 alternative forms that went into, for instance, mobile

 phones, which are now very sophisticated pieces 

of technology.


If the same amount of effort and energy had gone 

into more environmentally friendly, mass 

produced vehicles, we would not all be 

driving around in petrol driven 

vehicles at the moment.


Robert Evens, Former MEP, 

British Labour Cooperative


Subsidized Oil and Gas


The statement lays out important steps: CO2 

emissions, as well as including the need to 

accelerate using best efforts, by all of us,

 to phase down unabated coal in this 

decade, as fast as is achievable.


John F Kerry, US Climate Envoy


The US climate representative neglects to point out 

the fact that the US government has actually
subsidized coal, oil and gas for decades, 

to the tune of a billion dollars a year.


So, in the draft today, we saw that coal was referenced

in the draft... as well as subsidies. That's not good

enough! 86% of the emissions trapped in our 

atmosphere come from oil, gas and coal, 

....and while we talk about targets and 

emissions here - these governments, 

many of them, especially the wealthy 

nations, are proposing new projects 

that would take us past 1.5 degrees.


Tzeporah Berman, Chair, Fossil 

Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty


It comes as no surprise... that there are

 protests against this blatant hypocrisy.


At the moment it isn't sufficient. And we need, you

 know, world leaders from the richest and most

 polluting countries to raise their efficiency 

and to provide a clear mandate for 

countries to come back to the 

table next year... with much

more ambitious emission 

reductions by 2030.


Armelle Le Comte, Climate 

Advocacy Manager, Oxfam


One of the things that stood out at the COP26 summit

 was the presence and the actions of the activists, 

urging world leaders to act on climate change, 

keen on pointing out the hypocrisy of

 feeding lies to the general public.


Take the group of activists led by members of the

 Extinction Rebellion direct action group who

 highlighted how the mode of transportation 

chosen makes a difference, like opting to 

travel by rail rather than air.


It is our job to make it very clear; travelling by train 

for this distance (instead of by air) is justified by 

the carbon emission when we compare that 

to airlines.


Jacques Damas, CEO, Eurostar


Another mode of transportation that needs reforming

 is global shipping. There is actually a trillion dollar

 push to decarbonize cargo ships, which are huge

 carbon emitters.


Therefore, if countries and companies hope to meet

 the Paris Agreement targets, they must change the

 way freight shipping is managed. The use of 

electric batteries or alternative fuels, is one 

way to go about this.


At present.. shipping products across the ocean using

freight ships creates more greenhouse gas emissions 

than the estimated 2 billion US cars and trucks on US

roads combined, at around 1 billion metric tons.


Activists with the group Ocean Rebellion held 

a theatrical demonstration in an attempt to 

demonstrate the need by COP 26 

attendees to step up efforts to 

protect their national borders, 

calling for greater investment 

in ocean based renewable 

energy, decarbonization 

of industries and further 

pertinent research.


So today, we have one of our Ocean Rebellion 

classic theatrical performances, creating 

conscious pricking imagery to try and 

help tell the story, which today, is on 

the eve of COP Ocean day, to draw 

attention to the delegates that our 

oceans need to be way up on

their agenda.


It covers 70% of our [planet] and provides 50 to

 80% of the oxygen that we breathe, so it's 

vitally important and our oceans are at

 crisis point.


Laura Baldwin, Ocean Rebellion, Member


$100 Million pledge made and lost in Copenhagen


12 years ago, at the United Nations climate summit in

 Copenhagen, rich nations made a significant pledge; 

they promised to channel 100 billion US dollars a 

year to less wealthy nations, by 2020, to help 

them tackle climate change and mitigate 

further rises in global temperatures.


Another clear case of climate hypocrisy was

 evidenced when one climate activist asked 

the British Finance minister about UK tax 

breaks and funding for fossil

 fuel companies.


The UK Prime Minister had earlier made a grand

 pledge..... to some bemused young pupils at an 

infant school to cut greenhouse gas emissions.


And then there was the United States Special 

Presidential Envoy for Climate, John Kerry,

 talking about emissions.


The IPCC report is the synthesis report of the NDC's,

 indicates that we have to achieve somewhere in the

 vicinity of a 45% reduction over the next 10 years.


John F Kerry, US Climate Envoy


But the best these two so called world leaders could

 do was to squeeze a 2060 pledge out of Saudi Arabia.


I announce today that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

 aims to reach net zero in the year 2060, through 

the carbon circular economy approach, in line 

with its development plans and enabling its 

economic diversification and in accordance 

with the “Dynamic Baseline”, while 

preserving and reinforcing the 

Kingdom’s leading role.. in the 

security and stability of global 

energy markets.


 Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, 

Mohammad Bin Salman


The COP 26 Climate Summit has ended, more than 190

 nations reached a deal, but... without an enforcement

 mechanism, critics are saying the agreement, which 

calls on governments to strengthen greenhouse gas

 emission cuts, is going to fall short --- if not flat on 

its nether regions.


We are, globally speaking, a consumer driven society

 with billions of products - which are produced using

 material & substances produced by these oil firms.


Unless we change the way we live, our lifestyles, and

 how we spend our money, that's not going to change,

 and the petroleum companies are well aware of that, 

which is why they will most probably not live up to

 their  clean energy commitments;  thought 

provoking - yet hardly surprising.





Malaysian and Costa
win UNESCO prize

by Ileana Ferrer Fonte

November 17th, 11:18am (Prensa Latina) 


The Forestry Research Institute in Malaysia and 

the University for International Cooperation in 

Costa Rica won the 2021 UNESCO-Sultan 

Qaboos Prize for Environmental 

Conservation, the multilateral 

organization announced 

on Wednesday.


In a communique, the specialized UN agency in 

education, science and culture issues, stated 

that the awarding ceremony will be held this 

Wednesday, in the context of celebrating

 the 50th anniversary of the Man and the

 Biosphere Program... during the 41st 

General Conference of UNESCO,
forum taking place from 

November 9th to 24th.


The Malaysian institution was awarded for its initiatives

to monitor & preserve endangered species of national
interest, producing publications such as the Plant 

Red List, and for documenting the traditional 

knowledge of indigenous peoples and

 local communities.


The Costa Rican university won the UNESCO-Sultan 

Qaboos Prize, for its support to creating new 

biosphere reserves in Latin America, such 

as Sumaco (Ecuador), Cabo de Hornos

 (Chile) and Agua y Paz, in Costa Rica.


According to the jury, both institutions also stood out 

for their outreach and public awareness, such as 

outdoor activities for students, and the 

development of community farms 

and eco-tourism.


Allocated every two years -- since 1991 -- the UNESCO-

Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Conservation 

was established, thanks to a donation by Sultan 

Qaboos Bin Said Al-Said, of Oman.







FAO supports Cuba in green-

house effect readings

by Erich Tellez Corrales

 November 17th, 11:16am (Prensa Latina) 


Cuba has reportedly widened its capacity 

to read greenhouse gas emissions - with 

technical assistance, from the Food and

Agriculture Organization of the United 

Nations (FAO).


A workshop recently held by the CBIT- AFOLU project, 

implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture of Cuba, 

with technical assistance from the FAO and
from the Global Environment
Facility (GEF), 
has contributed
to this purpose.


A press release from the Office of that UN agency
in Cuba, 
referred to the assistance it provides in
 technical capacities to assess
and report on, 
emissions and removals of
Gases (GHG)... in the
agriculture, forestry 
and other
land uses (AFOLU).


The meeting (from the 8th to the 12th of this month),

allowed the exchange of knowledge & experiences 

among Cuban experts, to advance towards an 

improvement of the National Inventory of 

Greenhouse Gases (GHG), the text 

also indicates.


It also points out that the above will contribute to increase

accuracy & comparability, in relation to the requirements

 established by the Enhanced Transparency Framework 

of the Paris Agreement.


In this regard, the workshop addressed the methodologies 

used for the calculation of estimates of emissions and 

removals of Greenhouse Gases --- according to the 

2006 guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel 

on Climate Change (IPCC) in the AFOLU sector.


The participants in this process included professors 

from the Atmospheric Pollution and Chemistry 

Centre of the Institute of Meteorology, those 

responsible for preparing the inventory... 

and specialists from the Livestock 

Business Group’s Training 

Centre, the Soil Institute,

and the Agroforestry

 Research Institute.


The national coordinator of the CBIT-AFOLU project, 

Janet Blanco, referred to the problem of information 

gaps, in the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory.


She emphasized the need for scientific institutions 

to work on the identification of data and factors

that influence the emission of these gases
Cuban agriculture.




Iran climate chief calls COP26

 a failure because of colonialist 


November 16th, 6:36pm (PressTV)


Iranian authorities say the United Nations’ recent climate

 conference in the Scottish city of Glasgow (COP26) 

failed to reach its objectives... because of the 

colonialist approaches of rich countries 

toward developing nations.


Head of the Iranian government’s Department of 

Environment, Ali Salajegheh, said on Tuesday, 

that the Glasgow summit turned out to be a 

failure... because developed nations 

continued to dictate their wishes 

on countries that still rely on 

fossil fuels for a bulk of 

their energy needs.


Salajegheh made the remarks after returning from COP26, 

an occasion he used to highlight the impacts of US 

sanctions on Iran’s ability to meet climate goals 

set under a 2015 global agreement.


In his Tuesday briefing with reporters in Tehran.. the 

Iranian climate chief accused the developed nations 

of trying to force others into accepting the huge 

costs of the global transition to renewables.


“The question is, who created problems for the ozone 

layer and the greenhouse gases? They (who created 

them) have now come to the conclusion that the 

countries with energy resources should pay 

for improving the climate, this is a 

colonialist policy,” he said.


Salajegheh said Iran will seek to expand its cooperation

 with countries that have opposed the unilateral 

approaches adopted in the West, on the
 of the environment.


He hailed the positions adopted by Qatar and Saudi 

Arabia in COP26, saying Iran should seek to boost

 its regional diplomacy on the environment.


The Iranian delegation to the Glasgow summit announced 

on Saturday that it was not satisfied with the language 

used in the meeting’s draft agreement on phasing 

out fossil fuel subsidies and instead, declared

 its support for India’s position on the issue.




Report Finds Air Pollution in Europe

 Still Killing Over 300,000 A Year

November 15th, 12:06pm (FNA)


Premature deaths caused by fine particle air pollution

 have fallen 10 percent annually across Europe, but 

the invisible killer still accounts for 307,000 

premature deaths a year, the European 

Environment Agency said Monday.


If the latest air quality guidelines from the World Health 

Organisation were followed by EU members, the latest

 number of fatalities recorded in 2019 could be cut in 

half, according to an EEA report, AFP reported.


Deaths linked to fine particulate matter -- with a diameter

 below 2.5 micrometres or PM2.5 -- were estimated at 

346,000 for 2018.


The clear reduction in deaths for the following year were 

put down partly to favourable weather but above all to
 progressive improvement in air quality across the 

continent, the European Union's air pollution data

 centre said.


In the early 1990s, fine particles, which penetrate deeply

 into the lungs, led to nearly a million premature deaths 

in the 27 EU member nations, according to the report.


That figure had been more than

 halved to 450,000 by 2005.


In 2019, fine particulate matter caused 53,800 premature

 deaths in Germany, 49,900 in Italy, 29,800 in France 

and 23,300 in Spain.


Poland saw 39,300 deaths, the highest

 figure per head of population.


The EEA also registers premature deaths linked to two 

other leading pollutants, but says it does not count 

them in its overall toll, to avoid doubling up.


Deaths caused by nitrogen dioxide -- mainly from cars, 

trucks and thermal power stations -- fell by a quarter

 to 40,000 between 2018 and 2019.


Fatalities linked to ground-level ozone in 2019

 also dropped 13 percent to 16,800 dead.


Air pollution remains the biggest environmental threat

 to human health in Europe, the agency said.


Heart disease and strokes cause most premature deaths

 blamed on air pollution, followed by lung ailments 

including cancer.


In children, atmospheric pollution can harm lung

 development, cause respiratory infections and

 aggravate asthma.


Even if the situation is improving, the EEA warned

 in September that most EU countries were still 

above the recommended pollution limits, be

 they European guidelines or the more 

ambitious WHO targets.


According to the UN health body, air pollution causes 

seven million premature deaths, annually, across the 

globe - on the same levels as smoking and poor diet.


In September, the alarming statistics led the WHO 

to tighten its recommended limits on major air 

pollutants for the first time since 2005.


"Investing in cleaner heating, mobility, agriculture 

and industry improves health, productivity and 

the quality of life for all Europeans, and 

particularly for the most vulnerable," 

said EEA director Hans Bruyninck.


The EU wants to slash premature deaths, due to 

fine air pollution by at least 55 percent in 2030 

compared to 2005.


If air pollution continues to fall at the current rate, 

the agency estimates the target will be reached 

by 2032.


However an ageing and increasingly urbanised

 population could make that more difficult.


"An older population is more sensitive to air pollution...

 and a higher rate of urbanisation typically means that 

more people are exposed to PM 2.5 concentrations, 

which tend to be higher in cities," said the report.





Measures taken at COP26 - not

 sufficient - UN Sec.-General

November 14th, 10:37pm (TASS) 


Measures to combat climate changes agreed in 

the conclusion of the 26th UN Climate Change 

Conference (COP26, are not enough to 

save the planet, UN Sec.-General, 

Antonio Guterres, said.


"We did not achieve these goals at this conference. 

But we have some building blocks for progress," 

Guterres said. "We are still knocking on the 

door of climate catastrophe," he noted.


"These are welcome steps...  but they are 

not enough," the Secretary-General said.


Delegates of almost 200 countries participating 

in the COP26, agreed upon the texts of the

concluding documents of the forum, 

COP26 President, and member of 

the UK Cabinet, Alok Sharma, 

said earlier.





Deforestation in

Brazilian Amazon 

sets record in October

by Erich Tellez Corrales

November 12th, 3:17pm (Prensa Latina) 


The Brazilian Amazon lost 877 square kilometres 

(km²) of forest in October, an increase of five 

percent, compared to 2020 and a record for 

the month, official sources revealed today.


The data from the National Institute of Space
(INPE) relied on alerts from the
Deforestation Detection
System (Deter).


This method produces daily signals of changes in forest 

cover for areas larger than three hectares (0.03 km²),
 this case, those totally deforested and those in
process of degradation (by logging,
burning and others).


According to the information recorded, this is
the largest
 devastated area for this month
since 2016, covering 
eight states.


It corresponds to the Legal Amazon 59 percent of the

 Brazilian territory and comprises the area of the 

divisions of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato 

Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and 

Tocantins, as well as part 

of Maranhão.


The G1 news portal assures that, at the climate summit

(COP26), held in Glasgow (Scotland), Brazil ignored 

the devastation records... and promised to end 

illegal deforestation by 2028.


For Márcio Astrini, executive secretary of the 

non-governmental organization, Climate 

Observatory, the data show -- that the 

Brazilian Executive: has no intention 

of fulfilling the commitments signed 

at COP26: “Emissions occur on the

 forest floor, not in the plenary 

sessions in Glasgow”.


He pointed out that, in Glasgow, the government 

is trying to sell the illusion of its environmental 

commitment, but for the world, he remarked, 

“the important thing, is not the square 

metres of Brazilia that stand, but
kilometres of forest --- that
destroyed every day”.





Bill Dores: Wall Street and the 

Pentagon, not China, pose

 the largest climate threat

November 11th, 2:44pm (PressTV)


US political analyst and activist Bill Dores says 

Washington’s “attempt to frame China for the 

world climate crisis, is one of the most 

hypocritical acts in history,” as the 

US is the source of the deadliest 

corporate and military assault 

on the planet in history, 

not China.


Dores, a writer for Struggle/La Lucha, and a longtime 

antiwar activist, made the remarks in an interview 

with Press TV on Thursday, after Democrats in 

the US House of Representatives and Senate 

called on US President Joe Biden --- to use 

targeted sanctions to punish individuals 

and companies that are worsening the 

global climate crisis.


In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and 

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last week, Democrat

 lawmakers, particularly targeted China, and its 

companies despite the fact that studies show 

that the US military is the largest consumer 

of hydrocarbons on the planet and one 

of the largest polluters in history.


According to the New York Times, the US has contributed 

more than any other country to the atmospheric carbon

 dioxide that is scorching the planet.


Senators Ed Markey (D-Mass), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), 

Bernie Sanders (I-VT), and Rep. Veronica Escobar (D-

Texas), who signed on the letter, called on the Biden 

administration to target individuals and companies 

“that are perpetrating the worst climate damage.”


Following is the complete text of 

Dores’s comment to Press TV:


US hypocrisy on
looming climate disaster


Washington’s attempt to frame China for the 

world climate crisis is one of the most 

hypocritical acts in history. It is also 

one of the most dangerous. It is a 

deliberate effort to sabotage the 

international cooperation needed

to stop looming climate disaster. 


And it is a step toward war  ---  the 

ultimate environmental destroyer.


Fracking industry agent Donald Trump claimed that 

climate change: is a “hoax created by and for the 

Chinese.” Joe Biden admits the climate crisis is 

real, but seeks to blame it on China. Some
senators even say - China should
sanctioned for its alleged 

environmental misdeeds.


What mendacity! China leads the world in renewable 

energy production, reforestation, electric vehicles,

 high-speed rail and solar panel manufacture.


In recent years, China has surpassed the US in overall 

carbon emissions. But China is the largest country in

 the world. It has nearly five times the population of 

the United States. Its per capita emissions are
 than half those of the US. And it has
a concrete 
strategy to seriously
reduce them.


Meanwhile, the watered-down infrastructure bill passed

 by Congress gifts tens of billions of dollars... to the US 

fossil fuel industry. That’s not surprising considering 

28 US senators are directly invested in fossil fuel 

companies. And that 11 lawyers for ExxonMobil 

helped to write the bill.


The Trump regime imposed tariffs on all Chinese-made 

solar panels, at the behest of his oil company bosses.

Biden.... has outright banned the import of Chinese-

made solar panels.


The White House claims Chinese solar panels are made 

with forced labour. Yet the racist US prison-industrial

 complex --- is the biggest exploiter of forced labour
 the world. Imagine how many jobs installing
panels could create for workers here.


If Washington were really concerned about human rights,

 it could stop sending cops and marshals to attack the 

Water Protectors, Native activists and their allies, 

defending their land against fracking and 



 They have been gassed, clubbed, shot and jailed by 

federal and state agents, in the US and Canada. 


Under HR1374, a law now before Congress, state agents

 would be authorized to murder anti-pipeline protesters.


Biden seeks to weaponize
the climate crisis


Trump denied the climate crisis. Biden, seeks to weaponize

 it. Though their tactics be different, they share one object:

 To try and restore the stranglehold the US corporate 

ruling class once had on the world economy.


For decades, Washington and Wall Street, used their power 

to strangle economic development in Africa, Asia and Latin

 America.  They kept themselves at the centre of the world

 economy --- by keeping most of the world impoverished.
Meanwhile, US companies poisoned the air
with abandon.


Greenhouse gases don’t go away. At least 25 percent of 

those that now fill the atmosphere are made in the US. 

That doesn’t count the output of the offshore 

operations of US-owned corporations.


For decades after World War II, US corporations owned 

most of the world’s known oil reserves. That was key

 to US global power. They - purposely - kept oil-rich 

countries “underdeveloped” and dependent on 

selling oil. Today Washington tries to achieve 

that, with war and sanctions.


In the 1970s and ’80s, oil-producing countries began 

to take back ownership of their own resources. The

 Libyan Revolution of 1969, Iraq's nationalizations 

of 1972, and especially the Iranian Revolution

1979, were catalysts in this process.


1 in 4 US senators heavily invested 

in fossil fuel industry: Report


The senators present a major hurdle in the way of 

President Joe Biden’s ambitious climate agenda.


In 1991, as soon as the Cold War ended, the US
to war against oil-producing countries.
different names and pretexts, that
war has raged for 30 years.

It has destroyed 
millions of lives and cost
trillions of dollars. 
The climate is also
a victim.


US war machine is the most
polluting institution on earth


From 2001 to 2017, the US military poured 1.6 billion 

metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere. At least 

400 million tons of that, came from US military 

operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan 

and Syria.


The US war machine, with its massive global 

operations, is the most polluting institution 

on earth. In 2017... it unleashed 60 billion 

metric tons of carbon dioxide into the air. 

That was more than the individual output 

of 140 countries. Every year - it dumps 

750,000 tons of toxic waste-depleted 

uranium - oil, jet fuels, pesticides, 

defoliants, lead and other 

chemicals, into our air, 

water and soil. 


The US Army’s M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank uses nearly 

4 gallons of fuel per mile. An Air Force B2 bomber burns

 at least 4.2 gallons of jet fuel per mile, and has to be 

refueled every six hours. In the so-called “war on 

terror,” B2 bombers flew 44 hours from Missouri 

and Nebraska to rain bombs on people in Iraq 

and Afghanistan. But the biggest waste of 

energy, is the constant transport of 

troops, weapons and supplies 

around the world.


When the Clinton administration signed the Kyoto 

climate agreement in 1997, it insisted the US 

military be exempt from the treaty’s 



Washington’s 30-year oil war had another devastating 

impact on our planet’s climate. It unleashed the 

“shale oil revolution” that has made the US 

the world’s No. 1 fossil fuel producer.


US fracking industry
poisons the earth


After the US invaded Iraq, Corporate America pumped

hundreds of billions of dollars into fracking - the 

hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas from shale 

rock. War & sanctions against oil-producing 

countries created a triple-digit energy price

bubble that made these huge investments 

seem profitable. It stimulated the plunder 

of Canada’s tar sands, the DAPL and the

Enbridge 3 pipelines and mountain-top
removal projects, in Appalachia.


Fracking not only poisons the earth and water --- it 

unleashes much more methane, than conventional

 drilling. The collapse of the fracking boom has left 

many of these wells abandoned. There are over 3 

million abandoned oil and gas wells... across the 

United States. At least 2 million are unplugged: 

gushing out methane and other chemicals.


Plugging those wells and reclaiming the land around 

them would create a lot more jobs than fracking and 

pipelines do. So would investing in renewable 

energy, reforestation, mass transit and 

high-speed rail... instead of war.


Attacking China over climate change is a red herring. If 

Washington is serious about preventing environmental 

disaster -- it should end the US corporate and military 

assault on the planet. To make that happen will take 

a people’s struggle against corporate power.


End the wars and sanctions. Bring home all the troops, 

war fleets and warplanes. Invest that money in renew
able energy, expanding mass transit systems, 

affordable high-speed rail and reforestation. 


And help poorer countries do the same. Those things... 

could create millions of high-paying jobs. Ban fracking 

and shut down the DAPL and Enbridge pipelines. The

sky is the limit --- when the needs of humanity are
before corporate profit.



UNESCO highlights role of forests

 in the face of climate change

 October 28th, 2:13pm (Prensa Latina) 


UNESCO highlighted the contribution of the forests 

inscribed on its World Heritage list, in confronting 

climate change, with an estimated annual 

absorption of carbon dioxide, at 

190 million tons.


UNESCO issued a statement sharing the results of an

 unpublished study on the role of forest ecosystems 

spread over 257 sites on the planet.


Researchers from UNESCO, the World Resources Institute

- and the International Union for Conservation of Nature - 

participated in the research, which made it possible to

 measure the impact of forests against the existential 

threat posed by climate change, and determine the 

causes of certain emissions of pollutants into 

the atmosphere.


According to the study, the 190 million tonnes of carbon

dioxide present in the atmosphere absorbed, represent

 around half of the CO2 generated by fossil fuels that 

the United Kingdom emits annually.


The forests registered by UNESCO cover a total area of 

69 million hectares, and constitute ecosystems rich in

 biodiversity capable of storing large amounts of 

carbon, which, if released, would adversely

 impact the climate.


The research, however, left worrying results, in 10 of the

 forests, where human action has led them to emit more

 carbon than captured, in the last two decades.


Among the causes, UNESCO pointed to the fragmentation 

of land, due to forest exploitation, and clearing for the 

benefit of agriculture, and reiterated its call --- to 

protect forests and prioritize their sustainable 

management - in order that they continue to 

play a key role on the lives of current and 

future generations of human beings.



Extinction Rebellion activists...  blockade
 then break into UK’s largest oil refinery

 to roll out ‘no future in fossil fuels’

October 28th, 10:06am (RT)


Extinction Rebellion has deployed its infamous pink boat

 to blockade the entrance to Hampshire's Fawley Exxon-

Mobil oil refinery, with demonstrators cutting through 

the site's electric fence to unveil a banner over its 

oil silos.


In a statement released on Thursday, the climate activist

 group confirmed they had broken into the Fawley Oil

 refinery to “demand that the Government stops all 

new fossil fuel investments immediately.”


15 activists, including British Olympians Laura Baldwin 

and Etienne Stott, descended on the site in the early 

hours of the morning, with several of the activists 

breaching the electrified perimeter fence to
 two 50-foot oil silos.


The group unveiled banners declaring that there is
“climate emergency” and “no future in fossil
sharing photos of the stunt on their
Twitter account. 


Extinction Rebellion simultaneously blocked access to 

the UK’s largest oil refinery with the group’s infamous 

pink boat, the Beverly Geronimo, claiming that, 

“despite warnings,” British government 

officials are “letting Exxon expand
increase by 40%.”


Due to the blockade at the gate of the Hampshire site, 

the climate activists confirmed ExxonMobil had sent 

its staff home for the day and police were on site
 try and disperse the protest. 


The stated goal of the demonstration on Thursday is to

 secure a commitment from ExxonMobil to stop its 

expansion plans at the Fawley oil refinery,
supplies 20% of the UK’s
fossil fuels.


 (Rhondda Records adds: Why 'infamous', RT?)



UN Chief Warns World
 ‘One-Way Ticket to 

Disaster’ over Climate

October 22nd, 3:28pm (FNA)


 United Nations Chief Antonio Guterres said the world’s

 current climate situation is “a one-way ticket for 

disaster”, reiterating the urgency of agreement 

at the COP26 climate conference at the end 

of the month.


The 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, struck 

at the COP21 summit, called for global warming to 

be capped at well below two degrees Celsius 

(3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above the pre-

industrial level, and ideally closer to 

1.5C (2.7F), AFP reported.


But current UN estimates indicate a “catastrophic” 

warming of 2.7C  (4.8F) is on the cards.


Guterres said on Thursday that such an increase 

was “obviously a one-way ticket for disaster.”


“The carbon pollution of a handful of countries has 

brought humanity to its knees and they bear the 

greatest responsibility,” he told an online press 

conference with members of the Covering 

Climate Now international project.


“I hope we are still on time to avoid a failure in Glasgow, 

but time is running short, and things are getting more 

difficult and that is why I’m very very worried. I’m 

afraid things might go wrong,” he said.


The Glasgow summit begins on October 31st and is 

seen as crucial for agreeing on worldwide 

emission targets that will slow 

global heating.


The Group of 20, which includes the world’s biggest

 economies, is due to meet in Italy on October 30th,

 but leaders are said to be divided over phasing 

out coal and committing to the 1.5C target.


Earlier this month, COP26 President Alok Sharma, 

said the G20 meeting would be “make or break” 

for success in Glasgow.


“The G20 leaders will meet in Rome and they know 

their economies are responsible for four-fifths of 

the planet's carbon pollution,” Guterres said.


“If they do not stand up … we are headed 

for terrible human suffering,” he added.


He said, “China and the United States must do 

more than what they have announced so far.”







Among Europe’s dirtiest: ‘Green’ 

biomass power plant in Yorkshire

 burning ‘renewable’ wood emits

 MORE CO2 than UK’s coal

 – report

October 9th, 5:45pm (RT)


A supposedly “carbon neutral” Drax biomass power 

plant is the UK’s leading source of CO2 emissions 

--- and belches out more harmful carbon and 

particulate matter, than some of Europe’s 

dirtiest coal plants, according to a

new report.


Renewable energy firm Drax describes its plant in North 

Yorkshire as a “purely renewable” facility, boasting that 

it has slashed its carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, by

90% since 2012. The plant burns biomass – pellets 

of compressed wood – and received £832 million

 ($1.13 billion) in direct government subsidies 

last year, on top of an estimated £258
($351 million) in carbon
tax breaks.


Yet the energy generated at Drax... is far from green, a 

new report by environmental think tank Ember claims. 

While the UK and EU consider biomass power “carbon

 neutral,” this assessment is based on the assumption 

that biomass emissions are offset by the planting of

 new trees.


This forest regrowth takes time, and the European

 Academies’ Sciences Advisory Council (EASAC) 

reported earlier this year that switching plants 

from coal to biomass – as was the case at 

Drax’ Yorkshire facility – would not cause

 any drop in emissions for at least three

 to five decades. 


“Such technology is not effective in mitigating climate 

change and may even increase the risk of dangerous 

climate change,” the EASAC stated.


In the UK, wood burning plants like Drax’ currently spew 

out more CO2 than coal plants, including coal used in 

steel production. Drax is the country’s top emitter 

.......releasing 13.3 million tons of CO2 into the 

atmosphere per year ---- compared to the 

entire coal sector’s yearly emissions 

of 10 million tons.  


Data shows that Drax is Europe’s third-worst emitter 

of CO2, behind Germany's Neurath and Poland’s

BeÅ‚chatów coal plants. It is also Europe’s 4th

-worst emitter of PM10 particulate matter, 

coming in behind three coal plants in 

Poland and Romania. It is the only 

biomass facility... to rank in 

Europe’s top ten CO2 and

 PM10 emissions lists.


A Drax spokesman responded to Ember’s report by 

describing the think tank’s figures as “inaccurate 

and completely at odds with what the world’s 

leading climate scientists at the UN IPCC

say, about sustainable biomass being
to delivering global 

climate targets.” 

The company says that its carbon emissions are 

“biologically sequestered,” meaning they are 

technically counted as zero under the 

previously-mentioned EU and UK 

assumptions of forest regrowth.


However, critics suggest that the scientific
 on “sustainable” biomass...
may soon change.


“Recent science demonstrates that burning forest 

biomass for power is unlikely to be carbon 

neutral – and there’s a real risk that it’s 

responsible for significant emissions,”

 Ember Chief Operating Officer
MacDonald stated. 


“Before the government spends more taxpayer 

money on biomass..  we should make sure we 

know we’re getting the emissions reductions 

that we’re paying for.”




 Gazprom and Aeroflot behind 

Russia's first green aviation fuel

 September 24th, 12:30pm (Prensa Latina) 


The Russian companies Gazprom Oil and Aeroflot 

reported the signing of a deal to create the first 

production of aviation fuel with a minimal 

carbon footprint... from agro-forestry 



The oil company explained that the use of such a

green resource can reduce up greenhouse gas

 emissions in the sector up to 80 percent, 

TASS news agency reported.


The deal between the Russian firms... provides for 

the development of various efficient formulations

 of aviation fuel. In this case, the fuel is to be 

adjusted to various types of aircraft and

it will be certified in accordance with 

Russian and international aviation

 safety standards.


'In our country and around the world there is a potentially

 high demand from the aviation industry for green fuel, 

taking into account the task of reducing the carbon

 intensity of air traffic,' Gazprom Oil head 

Alexander Diukov noted.


He explained that the main research platform for the new 

product, will be the Gazprom Neft Industrial Innovation 

Technology Centre in Saint Petersburg.


According to Diukov, the partnership with Russia's largest 

airline will make the process of developing this aviation 

fuel more efficient.


According to Aeroflot CEO Mikhail Poluboyarinov, ecology 

is becoming one of the most important issues in aviation, 

and its relevance increased under the influence of the 

Covid-19 pandemic.




FAO launches tools to encourage 

soil organic carbon sequestration

 September 9th, 12:45pm (Prensa Latina) 


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the 

United Nations, on Wednesday, launched 

two practical instruments designed to 

encourage soil organic carbon

 (SOC) maintenance and 



The two products unveiled today, part of the RECSOIL

 initiative, are a global map illustrating how much
where, CO2 can be sequestered by soils...  
GSOCseq, and a technical manual of
practices, to sequester and
maintain SOC
 stocks in soils.


'We must look for innovative ways... to transform our agri-

food systems.. to more efficient, inclusive, resilient and 

sustainable. Healthy soils are critical to achieving this,' 

FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, told the opening 

session of the ninth Global Soil Partnership (GSP) 

Plenary Assembly.


While soils and soil health are well-rooted in the global 

agenda, tangible impacts remain an important 

challenge 'for better production, better 

nutrition, a better environment and

 a better life for all, leaving no
behind,' Qu said.






UN chief calls for bold action 

to curb biodiversity crisis

 August 31st, 12:51pm (Prensa Latina) 


UN Secretary-General (UNSG) António Guterres,

on Monday, warned about the threatening loss 

of biodiversity and called for greater actions 

to prevent further damage.


In remarks to a high-level virtual meeting to develop 

a new global framework to address biodiversity 

loss... Guterres underlined the need for 

commitment, ambition and credibility.


'As people and livestock encroach further into wild 

habitats, we run the risk of unleashing terrifying 

new pandemics,' he warned.


He also urged Governments to shift the 'perverse 

subsidies' that destroy healthy soils, pollute our

 water and empty the oceans of fish.


We must incentivize actions to sustain nature and also 

establish larger and better managed conservation 

areas to safeguard species, functioning 

ecosystems and carbon stocks - for

 current and future generations.


Likewise, he laid stress on the need to empower the 

leadership of indigenous peoples and local 

communities whose lands encompass 

much of the world's remaining 



One million species are at risk of extinction: 

this is wiping out options for society, from 

medicines to food, passing over crucial 

solutions for mitigating and adapting

to climate changes, Guterres said.


Humanity is now waging an absurd and self-destructive 

war on nature, and peace must be declared as soon as 

possible, only courageous action on the ground, can

curb the biodiversity crisis, he added.





UN chief
 - about 
global temperature rise

 September 7th, 12:31pm (Prensa Latina) 


The planet is dangerously close to reaching the 

internationally agreed threshold of 1.5 degrees 

Celsius of temperature increase, the UN 

Secretary-General (UNSG) António 

Guterres, warned on Monday.


We must act decisively now --- in order to avoid 

climate catastrophe. There is no longer time for 

delays, and no room for excuses, Guterres 

posted on Twitter.


He shared a link to the interactive atlas containing 

information from the most recent report of the
governmental Panel on Climate Change 
(IPCC). The digital tool enables flexible 

spatial and temporal analysis... of a 

large part of information checked

 and projected on this issue,
upcoming years.


According to IPCC, human-induced climate change 

is widespread and rapidly intensifying, while 

several trends are irreversible, at least 

during present period, and directly 

affect the happening of many 

extreme weather events.


Scientists also observed changes throughout the 

Earth's climate system, in the atmosphere, 

oceans, ice floes, and the ground.


Many of these transformations are unprecedented, 

and others, such as the continuing sea level rise,
already 'irreversible' for centuries or
in the future, according
to the IPCC report.


On Monday, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina 

Mohammed called for courageous measures
 a global economy with zero emissions
harmful gases by 2050, and to limit 

increased temperature levels.


The world is going through a season of wildfires 

and floods, which mainly affects fragile and 

vulnerable populations in rich and poor 

countries, she stressed.





Era of leaded petrol
worldwide, is over

August 31st, 12:52pm (Prensa Latina) 


As the service stations in Algeria stopped providing leaded 

petrol in July, the use of this highly polluting fuel ended

globally, international organizations reported. Since 

1922, the use of tetraethyllead as a petrol additive 

to improve engine performance, has been a 

catastrophe for the environment and for

public health. 2021 has marked the 

end of leaded petrol worldwide, 

after it's contaminated the air, 

dust, soil drinking water and 

food crops, for the better 

part of a century... as 

reported by the UN´s

official website.


Plus... leaded petrol caused heart disease, stroke and 

cancer. It also affects the development of the human 

brain, especially harming children, with studies 

suggesting it reduced 5-10 IQ points... so the 

UN Environment Program (UNEP) began its 

campaign to eliminate lead in petrol 

in 2002.


Banning the use of leaded petrol has been estimated
prevent over 1.2 million premature deaths per
increase IQ points among children, save

US$2.45 trillion for the global economy,
and decrease 
crime rates.


'The successful enforcement of the ban on leaded petrol, 

is a huge milestone for global health & our environment,'

 said Inger Andersen, Executive Director of UNEP. 

'Overcoming a century of deaths and illnesses....

that affected hundreds of millions and degraded 

the environment worldwide, we are invigorated 

to change humanity's trajectory for the better,

through an accelerated transition to clean 

vehicles and electric mobility.'


Experts said, while the world has eliminated the largest 

source of lead pollution, bold actions are still needed 

to curb it from other sources, such as paints, 

batteries, and household items.





Environmentalists block 
central London on 

2nd day of protests

 August 24th, 9:33pm (Prensa Latina) 


Hundreds of people today blocked the streets around 

Parliament.. and several government buildings in the 

centre of this capital on the second day of protests 

to demand urgent action against climate change.


Several protesters called by the environmental movement

 Extinction Rebellion (XR), lay on the pavement behind a 

large green cloth, accusing the 'government of getting 

into bed with climate criminals,' while others danced 

and sang to the beat of drums. .


We are here because the government does not tell the truth 

about climate change and what it will mean for our children 

and grandchildren, one of the activists, who said her name 

was Mary, told Prensa Latina.


According to the member of XR, an organization that defines 

itself as peaceful, the authorities of the United Kingdom and 

other developed countries try to hide from people that the 

lack of food and water, is a consequence of

 this phenomenon.


Mary considers, in turn... that the promises made by British 

Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, to reduce carbon emissions

 to zero by 2050 and his plan to replace gasoline and diesel 

vehicles with electric ones are 'too few and they are too late'.


We need to act now, because there are people in the Global 

South who are already suffering terribly, and there are 

even wars for resources affected by climate change,

 she said.


Juliana, a Brazilian living in London who, like other protesters,

attended the protest accompanied by her children, explained 

that she brought them with her because the future of the new

 generations is in danger.


The British environmental group, which also requires the 

government to declare a climate emergency and allow 

citizen assemblies to decide policies to address 

climate change, announced that its so-called 

'Impossible Rebellion' will last for 2 weeks, 

after a pause of several months, due
to the 
Covid-19 pandemic.


In addition to its usual demands in central London, XR plans 

to also focus on the City's financial district, where the 

offices of banks that finance fossil fuel companies

 are located.


Although the protests were developing peacefully, the

 Metropolitan Police reported that at least 50 people
 arrested between Monday and Tuesday.




Activists peacefully take over 

Ministry of Petroleum in Norway

August 23rd 5:20pm (Prensa Latina) 


A group of activists took over the Norwegian Ministry 

of Oil and Energy today, as part of environmental 

actions in various parts of the country...

 for 10 days.


These are members of the Extinction Rebellion group, 

which blocked the main entrance to the ministerial 

headquarters and called for the cessation of 

hydrocarbon exploitation.


Norway is the main producer in Western Europe 

and pumps about four million barrels daily.


In addition to a hundred protesters on the outskirts of 

the building with banners and messages in the palms 

of their hands, 17 people took to lobbying the 

Ministry to demand from its head, Tina Bru,

 the cessation of all activity in the sector.


The police, meanwhile, informed the NRK television station 

they would not suppress the protests for the moment,

 although they invited them to withdraw, in the
20 minutes.


'For decades we have written letters, we have spoken, we 

have demonstrated. They let us talk, but they are not

 listening,' young Hanna Kristina Jakobsen said,

 over a megaphone, to the crowd.


That is why we now do peaceful civil disobedience. 

We are desperate, added the 22-year-old woman.


The issue is a point of debate for the September 13th

 elections, in which a centre-left opposition is 

expected to defeat the conservative-

led coalition.


Minister Bru said that, while she shares concerns
climate change, protesters use what she
undemocratic methods, that will not 

deliver results.


We will never be successful in fighting climate change 

if we scrap democracy along the way, she said, in 

a statement.




 Activists from the international 

environmental movement 

Extinction Rebellion
to begin weeks-
protests in London.





at https://sputniknews.com/uk/




July was the hottest month 

on record in 142 years

  August 16th, 9:47am (Prensa Latina)


 Since weather records began in 1880, the month of 

July 2021, was the hottest on a global scale, it 

was known today.


According to the data published by the U.S. Office of 

the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, 

worldwide, the combined temperature of the land 

and ocean surface, was 0.93 degrees Celsius 

above the 20th century average of 

15.8 degrees.


This means one tenth of a degree higher than the 

previous record set in July 2016, which was then

 tied in 2019 and 2020, making July 2021 the 

hottest recorded in 142 years, the report 

from that entity pointed out.


It also indicated that in the northern hemisphere, the 

temperature on the earth's surface was the highest 

ever, with 1.54 degrees Celsius above the average,

 surpassing the previous record set in 2012.


Added to this is that the sea ice cover in the Arctic for 

July 2021 was the 4th smallest in the 43-year record

according to an analysis by the external link of the 

National Snow and Ice Data Centre of the US. Only 

July 2012, 2019 and 2020, had a lesser extension.


Those data could place 2021 among the 10 hottest years 

on record in the world, according to the Global Annual 

Temperature Rankings Outlook.