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Poisoning Earth and our terrible fate, if, if, if

UN chief calls for restoring 

balance of the oceans

 by Pavel López Lazo

June 8th, 4:10pm

(Prensa Latina) 


The UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, on Thursday, 

called on the international community -- to work to restore 

the balance & vitality of the oceans & marine ecosystems.


The message comes on the occasion of World Oceans Day, 

which aims to reflect on the significance of the oceans and 

the efforts needed to restore life and sustainability to their 

natural wealth.


“The ocean is the foundation of life. It supplies the air we

 breathe and food we eat. It regulates our climate and

 weather. The ocean is our planet´s greatest 

reservoir of biodiversity,” said Guterres.


However, he warned that marine biodiversity is also under 

attack from overfishing, over-exploitation and ocean

 acidification, fish stocks are being depleted, and

 coastal waters have been polluted ---- with 

chemicals, plastics and human waste.


“Over a third of fish stocks are being exploited at

 unsustainable levels. We are polluting our 

coastal waters with chemicals, plastics

and human waste,” Guterres stated.


An estimated 90% of large fish stocks 

are depleted, and 50% of coral reefs 

are destroyed.




Half of DPR forests 
destroyed or mined

 — official

May 29th, 12:34pm (DAN)


About 50% of woodland in the Donetsk People’s Republic has 

been destroyed or mined during hostilities, said chairman of 

the DPR State Forestry Committee Alexey Shebalkov. “The 

Republic’s forest coverage in relation to land area... is 7% 

(195,000 hectares of forest overall),” Shebalkov told the 

Donetsk News Agency. 


“According to our earlier estimates, at least 20,000 hectares

 of woodland were completely destroyed in fighting, and
another 70,000 hectares are accessible in principle - 

but we don’t know what happened: some forests
have been destroyed, and some, mined.
clearance operations will be
needed anyway.” 


The ongoing fighting - endangers the forests 

in the Slavyansk and Krasny Liman districts.

They are largely coniferous forests; the fire 

danger period is about to begin --- so wild 

fires are possible, amid the hostilities, 

he said.


 Earlier reports, said the Donetsk People’s Republic

 authorities, planned reforestation of 300 hectares 

in 2023-2025.





Brazil To Host the COP30

 Climate Summit in 2025

May 26th, 6:07pm 



President Lula wants everyone to know, how 

the Amazonian rivers, jungles, and fauna are.


On Friday, Brazilian President Lula da Silva announced 

that the United Nations confirmed Brazil as the host 

of the COP30 Climate Summit, to be held in 2025.


He also mentioned that COP30 will take place in Belem do

 Para, a city near the mouth of the Amazon River into the

 Atlantic Ocean, and considered the confirmation 

received from the United Nations as 

"extraordinary news" for

 the country.


“I already participated in a COP in Egypt and in another 

in Copenhagen. In all of them, the attendees talked 

about the Amazon, but without ever having been 

there," Lula said.


"I always thought: why not hold a COP in the Amazon so 

that everyone gets to know the Amazon and see what

 the Amazonian rivers, jungles and fauna are like," 

he added.


Brazil had been chosen by the UN as the host of the
COP25 in 2019, but the far-right President Jair 

Bolsonaro (2019-2023), who assumed the 

presidency that same year, declined to 

take charge of organizing the event, 

which was ultimately held in Spain.


During his administration, the former Capitan promoted

 aggressive development policies in the Amazon and

 dismantled all environmental oversight agencies, 

which Lula has begun to strengthen again,
taking office in January.


Furthermore, Lula has resumed programs to protect the

 Amazon and combat the climate crisis that existed 

before Bolsonaro came to power. Lula reinforced

 the Environment Ministry and created a new 

ministry specifically focused on 

indigenous peoples.






Venezuela Releases 20,000 Turtles

 for Species Conservation

May 26th (teleSUR)


On Friday, Venezuela's Environment Ministry announced 

that 20,000 Arrau turtle hatchlings were released in the 

state of Amazonas, as part of a plan for conserving

 endangered species.


The turtles were taken to their habitat in an area called 

"Cuba Island," which serves as a wildlife refuge and

 protective zone for this species, also known as 

the "Orinoco turtle."


The release event was led by the Amazonas Governor 

Miguel Rodriguez, the Environment Regional Director 

Doralbis Lara, and other members of the ministry.


"The conservation of the species, has led to the 

reproduction of Arrau turtles in shelters.. until

 they reach a size that ensures their survival 

against potential natural predators and
be returned to their habitats,"
Environment Ministry said.


The existence of the Arrau turtle is highly threatened, with

 humans being its greatest predator, as they are trafficked

 without authorization for their meat consumption and the 

trade of their shells for artisanal crafts.


Last Sunday, Environment Minister Josue Lorca also

 announced that over 300 Orinoco caimans will be

 released in the state of Apure.


He also mentioned that in the Laguna de la Restinga National

 Park, located in the state of Nueva Esparta, another 350 

seahorses would be returned to their habitat.




 Rwanda Marks Biodiversity Day 

With a Call to Protect Nature

May 22nd (teleSUR)


On Monday, Rwanda celebrates the International Day

 for Biological Diversity, with a call on the public to 

reconnect with nature and prioritize biodiversity.


The event, organized by the Environment Ministry in Kigali, 

featured discussions about the implementation of the

 Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework 

adopted last December --- as part of efforts to
and reverse nature loss.


Speaking at the event, Rwandan Environment Minister Jeanne

 d'Arc Mujawamariya said the country's development agenda

 recognizes the central role that biodiversity plays in terms 

of supporting national economic growth.


"We cannot develop our nation unless we put the environment

 at the heart of everything we do," Mujawamariya said - and 

warned against cutting down trees.


"We need to reverse this trend, and educate future

 generations to understand the importance of 

biodiversity in everything we do..... for a 

brighter future."


The Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA)

 highlighted that Rwanda's biodiversity plays a critical 

role in ecosystem services - such as ensuring water 

provision, air for breathing, controlling soil erosion 

and flooding, as well as climate change mitigation.


"Biodiversity is part of our lives. Growing up, I was

surrounded by nature and this helped build my 

passion --- for protecting the environment
understanding the importance of

 biodiversity. I encourage us all --- 

to reconnect with nature -- and 

prioritize biodiversity," REMA 

Director Juliet Kabera, said.


The International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated

 this year under the theme "From agreement to action: 

Build Back Biodiversity" to remind nations that 

biodiversity is essential to ecosystem 

functioning and services delivery.




Brazil: Amazon Rainforest 

Deforestation Fell 67.9% 

In April

May 12th, 3:55am 


The Brazilian Institute for Space Studies (INPE) reported

on Friday, that deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon 

rainforest fell 67.9 percent in April ---- compared
 the same month in 2022.


April last year, 1,026 square kilometres of rainforest were

 lost in the Amazon region, however, this year the figure 

is 329 square kilometres, the institute indicated.


In the first four months of the year, there was a 41
percent drop in the year-on-year comparison of

 deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.


The area deforested in the Brazilian part of the world's

 largest rainforest in the first four months of the year

 was 1,173 square kilometres, INPE data indicate.


April's result is the first month with a reduction in Amazon

deforestation in Brazil, since President Luiz Inácio Lula 

da Silva took office. 


President Lula da Silva.. has stepped up the crackdown 

on environmental crime, including the use of the police 

force against illegal mining on indigenous lands.


The main states most affected by the devastation of the 

rainforest are Amazonas (north), Pará (north), and Mato

 Grosso (west).


Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon soared by almost 60% 

in the 4 years of Jair Bolsonaro's government (2019-2022) 

compared to the previous four-year term.




Developed Nations Should 

Deliver Climate Justice:


May 4th (teleSUR)


Developed countries, which are major contributors to the

 emission of planet-warming gases like methane and 

carbon dioxide, should honour their financial 

commitment to helping Africa adapt to the 

unfolding climate crisis, United Nations 

Secretary Antonio Guterres said 

on Wednesday.


Guterres, who is on an official visit to Kenya, said at a media 

briefing in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi that the industrial 

north has a moral obligation to help African countries 

become climate resilient.


"Developed countries must deliver on the US$100 billion a 

year promised to developing countries and the loss and

 damage fund agreed in Sharm el-Sheikh," Guterres 

said --- adding that delivering climate justice in 

Africa is crucial for global peace, growth, 

and stability.


While reiterating that the transition to a green and resilient

 future, is urgent in Africa, Guterres called on developed

 nations and industry: to support the continent's quest 

for decarbonizing key economic sectors like energy.


The UN chief hailed Kenyan President William Ruto's 

commitment to a 100 percent transition to clean 

energy by 2030, adding that the African Union's 

ambitious Green Stimulus Program will 

reinvigorate climate response in 

the continent.


Guterres noted that South Africa's Just Energy Transition

 Partnership, and Egypt and Nigeria's energy transition 

plans were bold moves toward low carbon transition 

in Africa.


The UN chief disclosed that he has proposed a Climate 

Solidarity Pact --- in which developed countries lend 

financial and technical support to help emerging

 economies in Africa and beyond, hasten their 

transition to green energy.


Guterres observed that despite its minimal contribution to

 greenhouse gas emissions, Africa continues to bear the 

brunt of climate disasters... like floods and droughts.


The climate-induced drought crisis engulfing the Horn of 

Africa region is a wake-up call for governments, donors, 

and the private sector to back community-based 

resilient programs.


Guterres said 50 percent of climate financing in Africa 

should be channeled toward adaptation projects to 

enable communities to withstand climate-related

 shocks like hunger and water scarcity.






teleSUR English



The Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio

 Guterres warned the Security Council (UNSC) that the rise 

in sea level generated by climate change threatens entire 

communities on the planet and is especially serious to 

almost 900 million people living in low-lying areas




Media: EU attempts to replace 

Russian gas with wind power 


April 25th, 12:51pm



Against the backdrop of a gradual refusal to purchase Russian 

gas, European countries decided to try to replace fuel supplies 

with wind energy. This is facilitated by the fact that EU 

member states are simultaneously trying to reduce
carbon emissions in the atmosphere in order to
fight global
 warming. However, the attempt
failed. This was 
stated by Bloomberg
analyst Mathis.


The European Union fails to overcome dependence on Russian

 gas with the help of offshore wind farms. Bloomberg analyst 

Will Mathis writes about this.


The EU countries have decided to stop buying Russian gas.

 In addition, they are trying to reduce carbon emissions in 

the atmosphere - in order to fight global warming.


About a year ago, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands 

and Denmark issued a declaration accelerating the 

construction of offshore wind farms to increase 

capacity to 65 gigawatts by 2030 – about five 

times more than today. Britain also decided 

to build wind turbines to increase 

generation by 50 gigawatts. 

However, European leaders 

realized that the plan failed.


“European efforts to rapidly build offshore wind farms, which

 should help reduce dependence on Russian natural gas and 

reduce global warming emissions, are failing, as developers 

struggle to implement the projects,” the publication says.



Russian scientists propose 

method.... to improve

 soil fertility

by Luis Linares Petrov

April 11th, 9:26am

 (Prensa Latina) 


Scientists from the Tyumen State University have proposed the

 use of biochar obtained from organic waste to improve soil 

properties and fertility, RIA Novosti reported.


“Since the introduction of biochar-based improvers in the soil 

has a positive effect on its fertility, it is possible to reduce 

the amount of accumulated organic waste and at the 

same time increase crop yields” --- said the head of 

the technologies laboratory from the university,

 Ivan Shanenkov.


According to the researchers, the results will ensure

 environmental cleanup for agricultural enterprises

 as a partial replacement for mineral fertilizers.


“We obtained the biochar from organic waste ---- which was 

used as an additive in increasing the yield of cereal crops,” 

Shanenkov added. He said that --- as a result of thermal 

processing in an oxygen-free environment --- organic 

waste.. such as sawdust, straw and pine nut shells, 

are converted into a highly porous carbon material.


“In our country, biochar is mainly woody and is used mainly as

 a fuel resource. We propose to consider it as an independent 

fertilizer for agricultural land, or as part of compositions with

 other types of soil improvers”, Konstantin Ponomarev, a

 scientist at the laboratory, explained.


According to Russia’s environmental safety strategy, by 2025

 the volume of waste production and consumption is 

expected to exceed 30 billion tons.


The Tyumen State University participates in the Priority-2030 

state strategic academic leadership program and the report 

is produced within the framework of the Ecosystems of the 

Future project.




Brazil Proposes - Summit of Amazon

 Countries To Debate Climate Action

 April 10th (teleSUR)


The Brazilian government has scheduled a meeting in Belem 

for early August to revive the Amazon Cooperation Treaty 

Organization (ACTO), which brings together countries

 that make up the Amazon, as reported by 

Brasil 247, a partner of TV BRICS.


The meeting will contribute to define a single position for the 

region, on development and fighting the climate crisis in 

international forums.


President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva wants to use the position 

to be agreed at the ACTO meeting to define the line of his 

speech at the opening of the United Nations General 

Assembly in September.


The resumption of ACTO -- is one of Lula's goals in his third

 government. This body can be used to unify the discourse

 of the Amazon countries --- and attract investment to the

 region... within the policies of combating deforestation, 

protecting indigenous peoples and development, with

 the aim of strengthening the position in front of 

international organizations and developed 

countries, which are the ones most 

pressing for action in the region.




Biden - broke his promise 
not to touch oil in Alaska

April 7th, 12:12pm



The US is starting to produce oil in Alaska. They have already

 brought equipment and people there. This is a prime example

 of an American president not keeping his campaign promises.


 American environmentalists are simply shocked at the betrayal 

of their elected representative. Why did Biden, an ardent 

supporter of the green agenda, defect to oil? And what 

role do Russia and the European Union play in it?


It’s only been a few weeks since Joe Biden’s administration 

approved the $8 billion Willow development and oil drilling

 in Alaska’s National Oil Refuge. This happened for the 

first time in twenty years.


But oil giant ConocoPhillips has already begun assembling

 equipment here and transporting workers and provisions

 to this largest stretch of unspoilt wilderness in the 

country, 250 miles beyond the Arctic Circle, writes 

the New York Times. More than two dozen yellow

 dump trucks are already waiting in the snow-

covered tundra at the northernmost tip of

 the United States on a glistening patch 

of ice.


The project has the potential to produce around 600 million

 barrels of oil over 30 years. To do so, ConocoPhillips will

drill wells in three sections of the field, the minimum 

volume that the company estimates...  makes it 

economically viable. It is a highly controversial 

project that has been fiercely fought by 

environmental activists.


The US is already the second largest emitter after China (it 

emits around 5.6 billion metric tonnes of carbon dioxide 

into the atmosphere every year). And burning that 

much oil in a new field could emit 9.2 million 

metric tons of carbon dioxide into the 

atmosphere annually, the equivalent 

of nearly two million new cars on

 the roads.


The approval of mining in Alaska immediately sparked a wave 

of outrage inside the US – among environmentalists and other 

Biden supporters alike. After all, the American president has

 radically changed his original position. In the 2020 election, 

one of his key pledges was that no new oil fields would 

come on stream in the country. 


Biden got all environmentalists on his side with such a tough

 “green agenda”. However, on 13 March, in a surprise move, 

the US approved a bill allowing drilling in Alaska as part of 

the Willow Field.


“The start of drilling at sites in Alaska is a massive blow to

 Biden’s image. He was betting the campaign on a ‘green 

agenda’ and now that promise is being broken,” says 

Artem Deyev, head of analysis at AMarkets.


Why did Biden go against himself, not even frightened by the

 criticism of his own supporters? What was he afraid of?


There are two main theories. The first, is that the U.S. economy

cannot absorb oil shortages and high oil prices - and the states

need more oil for themselves. The second is that the US wants

to increase its oil exports even more, to become a stronger

 exporter in the world in order to keep the same Europe in 

check, and at the same time to make even more money

 from the raw material.


“Sanctions against Russia have hit the US oil and gas industry. 

Their refineries consumed either Venezuelan oil or Russian

 Urals. But both countries are under sanctions, so there is

 not enough crude, and the attempt to restore relations 

with Caracas has failed: Venezuela would love to 

supply oil to the US again, but it is technically 

impossible as the industry is virtually ruined. 


Buying oil from Russia to bypass its sanctions means losing its 

reputation. And then there are the OPEC+ cuts in production. 

Quotations are rising, which will have a direct impact on the

 rising cost of fuel in the US. And the country’s strategic oil 

reserves have long been unloaded and need to be 

replenished,” explained Deyev.


Meanwhile, world oil prices are rising, but OPEC+ does not listen

 to the US and cuts production at will in order to keep black gold 

expensive – around $90 a barrel. And there is nothing 

Washington can do – and it is really pissed off. 


Adding to the problem of rising gasoline prices inside the US, 

for which Americans may not re-elect Biden, is the problem 

of inflation, the rate of which promises to accelerate again 

from such a situation. In other words, the USA is trying to 

win back oil.


Finally, against the backdrop of these difficulties also in the USA

 green energy has been relegated to the back burner (the EU 

has long since given up and switched even to coal).


The West admits without a word that the transition to green

 energy will take a long time. “During this transition time, oil 

products will remain in demand on the world market.. and 

are likely to be quite expensive, judging by the measures 

the OPEC+ countries are taking.. to achieve this,” says 

Vladimir Chernov, analyst at Freedom Finance Global.


 It is worth realising that development of the Alaska field is just

 starting from scratch and it is projected to take 6 years before 

the first oil from this project reaches the market. This clearly 

speaks to the US expectation that in six years oil will be in

 extremely high demand in the US market, and secondly, 

it will be expensive, because producing oil from 

scratch in a challenging environment like 

Alaska, is very expensive.


The statistics scream inexorably that the US needs more 

oil, and they are short of it. First, US drilling activity has 

been stagnant for more than six months and shale oil 

production has gone down because of rising 

production costs, Chernov notes.


Secondly, US oil inventories are decreasing. In March this year

 they fell by 4.35 million barrels and strategic reserves to their

 lowest level since 1983. “Last year the US actively released

 strategic oil reserves, which helped reduce domestic fuel 

prices slightly, but only slightly, by about one or two 

dollars per gallon,” Chernov says.


Finally, America is increasing exports to the EU --- to replace

 Russian energy supplies. And, to all appearances, the US 

plans to increase these exports and earn even more from 

them. While the US used to be both an oil importer and 

exporter, at the beginning of 2023, the US became a 

net oil exporter for the first time. They supply up to 

2 million barrels per day to other countries.


“Most likely, the US tactics now will not just be about energy

 neutrality, but about increasing oil exports, primarily to EU

 countries, so they need to increase production as well,” 

Chernov believes.


Although Deyev believes that the US itself needs this oil first and

 foremost – to solve its problems with fuel prices and reserves. 

“What cannot be done to keep the economy from collapsing: 

oil is the foundation of the modern economic system, 

without it - one can forget about development,”

 the expert believes.


“The Biden administration’s decision -- confirms only one thing: 

the world is facing a lack of resources amid sanctions against 

Russia. Because of that, unpopular projects, which were

 previously banned, have to be initiated. It was easier 

and better for the environment to buy oil from other 

countries than to produce it at home. It is also not 

for nothing that the UK has recently approved a 

project to frack and extract oil in its territory

 in this way. It is extremely unpopular in 

England, but they have to restart it, as

the island also needs oil,” concludes 

the interlocutor.


Olga Samofalova, VZGLYAD




Mexican Environmental Activist Is 

Found Dead In Michoacan State

April 5th, 1:38pm



On Tuesday, Mexican authorities confirmed that Eustacio Alcala,

 an Indigenous activist who opposed mining activities, was

 found dead in a hilly area in the San Juan Huizontla 

community in the Michoacan state.


"Alcala's body had several gunshot wounds," the Attorney

 General’s Office (FGE) lamented and promised to 

investigate this murder thoroughly.


On Saturday, Alcala was transporting three nuns in his truck

 when armed men ordered him to stop the vehicle and 

detained him and the women. Hours later, the nuns

 were released. Alcala, however, remained 

missing for three days.


This activist had successfully prevented the opening of an iron

 mine that would contaminate the water resources of the San

 Juan Huitzontla community, where drug cartels usually 

extort mining companies and kill activists.


Mexico is the most dangerous country in the world for

 environmental activists. The Global Witness non-

governmental organization registered that - at 

least 54 activists were killed in this country

 in 2021.


Environmental activists Antonio Diaz and Ricardo Lagunes 

have been missing since January. The van in which they 

used to travel --- was found riddled with bullets near
 Alcala’s body appeared.


In February, activist Alfredo Cisneros, who opposed cartels-

related violence and illegal logging of pine and fir forests

 in the Michoacan state, was also shot dead in the 

Sicuicho Indigenous town.



Nature Day in Iran

April 2nd, 2:08pm (FNA)

 Iran Nature Day known as Sizdah-bedar is marked on the 13th

 day of the current month of Farvardin corresponding to April

the 2nd, when Iranians have the tradition of spending the 

day outdoors, each year.


'Sizdah' means thirteen, and '-bedar' outdoors. It is a tradition

 amongst the Iranian people to enjoy the fresh spring air of 

this day before ending the annual fortnightly holidays of 

the New Year, and to begin the work and 

education schedule.


The tradition of leaving the house on the thirteenth day of 

Farvardin is widespread throughout Iran. It is a day that is 

spent outside with joy, laughter and friendly get togethers. 


This is the last phase of the celebrations of the New Year. It 

is the custom of many Iranians to pass as many hours as

 possible outdoors. People leave their homes to go to 

the parks or mountains, for a picnic.


All kinds of food and delicacies are prepared with tea, sherbet, 

fruits, bread, cheese, fresh herbs, noodle soup called 'ash-e 

reshteh' and herbed rice with lamb called baqali polou and 

barreh, are favourites.


The occasion is a communal one and all close relatives and

 friends will participate. Iranian families all eat alfresco, 

preferably near water springs and lush greener spots,

 on this day.


Sizdah-bedar is the last day of the New Year holidays. On the 

following day, routine life resumes; schools and offices open 

after almost a fortnight and life heads back to normalcy. The

 occasion has no religious significance and is celebrated 

by all.


In addition to Iran, Sizdah Bedar is also among the festivals 

celebrated in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, India,

 and many other parts of the world.


Games using horses are often chosen, since this animal 

also represents rain. Adults and older people may play 

the traditional game of backgammon.


During the picnic day of Sizdah Bedar, some people also follow 

the oldest prank-tradition in the world and play jokes on each

 other. This has possibly led many men and women to 

consider that the origin of the April Fools' Day 

goes back to the Iranian tradition 

of Sizdah-bedar.




Russian environmentalists condemn 

UK decision to send depleted 

uranium shells to Kiev

March 27th, 2:59pm (TASS)


Great Britain’s plans to supply depleted uranium (DU) weapons

 to Ukraine will lead to mass health problems among the 

civilian population, as DU shells are chemical weapons, 

an environmental commission under Russia’s Civic 

Chamber said in a statement on Monday.


"The Commission on Ecology and Environmental Protection of 

the Russian Civic Chamber categorically condemns the 

decision by the British government to supply depleted 

uranium shells to Ukraine. Their use causes major 

uranium oxide contamination to the environment,"

 the commission said, referring to research 

showing that such contamination may 

lead to mass incidences of disease 

in both military personnel 

and civilians.


Among other things, the commission cited the WHO World Health 

Report 2001, mentioning the radiological and chemical toxicity o

f depleted uranium. In-depth research into workplace exposure 

to DU showed that the critical organs most prone to toxicity 

from DU munitions are the kidneys and the lungs, while 

young children could receive greater DU exposure 

from contaminated soil when playing within a 

conflict zone, according to the document.


In December 2008, 141 countries voted for a UN General 

Assembly resolution urging additional research into the 

effects of munitions containing DU by 2010, but this 

never took place for various reasons, primarily of 

a political nature, the commission said.


The environmentalists likened this to the use of Agent Orange, a

 chemical herbicide and defoliant, by the US Army in Vietnam.

 "The use of that chemical affected over 3 million people, 

with more than 1 million people under 18... left 

incapacitated, and suffering from hereditary 

diseases," the commission emphasized.


A British Defense Ministry official, Baroness Annabel Goldie, said

 in a written response to a question by a member of the House of 

Lords last week that the United Kingdom would supply Ukraine 

with shells containing DU, which she said are more effective

 in destroying armoured vehicles.




Norway Reaffirms Commitment 

to Brazilian Amazon Rainforest

March 23rd, 5:50pm (teleSUR)


President Lula da Silva reactivated the "Amazon Fund" 

that oversees some US$1 billion contributed by 

Norway and Germany.


On Wednesday, the Norwegian government reaffirmed its

 environmental commitment to the Brazilian Amazon 

region and announced that it will help in seeking 

additional resources from other donors --- to 

maintain the world's largest rainforest 

and jungle.


The announcement was made during a meeting between 

Brazilian Environment Minister Marina Silva and her 

Norwegian counterpart Espen Barth Eide at which 

they analyzed details of the Amazon Fund, a 

mechanism in which Norway has been
main collaborator.


After the meeting, Silva announced that a package of 14 

sustainable development projects, which had been

 frozen during the Presidency of Jair Bolsonaro, 

now will have priority.


"We are continuing support and we are also trying to mobilize

 other donors to come in because we think this has been a 

very successful model," the Norwegian minister said, 

adding that his county is "very happy" to work with 

President Lula da Silva.


The projects include efforts to halt deforestation in the 

Amazon, to push forward with bioeconomic activities 

and to provide food security and protection to 

Indigenous peoples.


Silva said that the issues linked to climate change.. are 

also a priority for the Lula administration, adding that

 Brazil must look to clean energy sources.


The Amazon Fund was created in 2008 and operated until

 2019 ----, when the Bolsonaro administration decided to 

deactivate it ..amid a campaign to implement policies

 to push for increased mining and other economic 

activities in the region.


On his first day as Brazilian president, Lula overturned those

 policies and ordered the reactivation of the Amazon Fund,

 to which he now wants to attract the United States, 

China and France, among other big 

economic powers.


Currently, the Amazon Fund oversees some US$1 billion

 contributed by Norway and Germany and expectations

 are that the U.S. will join the effort with an initial 

donation of US$50 million.




Russia plans to ban the
import of plastic goods

March 21st, 1:21am



The Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade 

proposes to introduce a ban on the import 

of disposable plastic tableware to Russia.


This is reported by the newspaper 

"Izvestia" with reference to sources.


It is noted that there are only 28 products 

in the list. They are offered to replace 

them, with products made of a 

biodegradable analogue, eg,

glass, paper and wood.




CARICOM praises work on

 ocean biodiversity treaty

by Pavel López Lazo

March 10th, 5:53pm 

(Prensa Latina) 


The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) on Friday heaped 

praise on the work done by the organization's experts

 in the just-agreed international treaty on Marine 

Biodiversity, beyond national jurisdictions, 

crucial to address climate change.


Our experts not only participated in discussions, but 

also facilitated the debate on the most important

 areas, CARICOM stressed.


It included representatives of the region’s Permanent 

Missions to the United Nations --- and experts who 

were supported by scientists and legal experts 

from the region’s institutions.


Among others, CARICOM mentioned the Ambassador of

Belize Janine Coye Felson who is responsible for the 

bloc’s area-based management tools and was also

 called upon by the conference chair to facilitate 

the group on marine genetic resources.


Our joint efforts to successfully negotiate this Treaty 

are examples of what we can do, when we are 

united, Felson stressed.


Known as the High Seas Treaty, this legal instrument will

 place 30% of the world’s oceans in protected areas, 

allocate more money for preservation and
access to and the use of,
genetic resources.


UN Secretary-General (UNSG), António Guterres,
said in a 
statement that this is a breakthrough
after nearly 20 years
 of negotiations.




Deforestation in Brazilian Amazon 

reached record high in February

by Ana Luisa Brown

March 3rd, 2:31pm

(Prensa Latina) 


The accumulated deforestation alerts in the Brazilian Legal

 Amazon was 291 square kilometres (km²) in February, the 

highest mark for the month in the entire historical series, 

started in 2015, it was announced today.


The data released by the Institute for Space Research (INPE) 

are supported by the Real-Time Deforestation Detection

 System (Detener), which produces daily signals of 

alteration in forest cover for areas larger than

 three hectares (0.03 km²).


Such indications occur for totally deforested areas as well 

as for those in the process of wild degradation (logging, 

mining, burning and others).


The Deter is not the official deforestation data, 

but an alert on where the problem is occurring.


The Legal Amazon corresponds to 59 percent of the national

 territory and includes the total area of eight states (Acre, 

Amapá, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, 

Roraima and Tocantins) and part of Maranhão.


The G1 portal assures that since December, January,

 February and March are rainy months in most of the 

states that are part of the biome, deforestation 

rates are typically lower during these months.


However, last month experts pointed out that INPE’s numbers

 for this year should be interpreted with caution, as January

 registered high cloud cover and a consequent drop in the 

period’s figures, now reflected in a rise in February.


‘The escalation in the area deforested in the first 

days of February should be viewed with caution.


Marco Astrini, Executive Sec. of the Climate Observatory

 believes that the current administration of President Luiz 

Inácio Lula da Silva adopted correct measures against 

deforestation, but the ‘work of rebuilding, putting the

 house in order is slower, more difficult than the 

destruction of the previous government’ of 

the defeated president Jair Bolsonaro.




Endangered dolphin population 

increases in China

by Alina Ramos Martin

March 1st 1:26pm 

(Prensa Latina) 


The population of the finless porpoise, a dolphin endemic 

to the Yangtze River, increased to 1,249 and the new 

animals are larger, a study by China's Ministry of

Agriculture and Rural Affairs confirmed.


According to the research, the recovery of this species 

followed the fishing ban adopted in 2021 and there 

are now specimens in different provinces.


Along with the ban, many invasive plants disappeared and

 docks along the Yangtze river were dismantled, which

 contributed to clean water and ensured the

 dolphin’s food source.


However, experts are calling for increased measures to

 protect the animal and address the difficulties they

 face in their habitat due to human activities

 and shipping.


The finless porpoise is believed to be the last surviving

 mammal in the Yangtze, after the baiji was declared 

extinct in 2007.







Youth leaders -- will debate in 

Panama on ocean protection

by Alina Ramos Martin

March 1st,  9:59am

(Prensa Latina)


 In the Preamble of the VIII Conference Our Ocean 2023, 

youth leaders from several nations will discuss, in 

Panama, the protection of marine resources.


According to the Vice Minister of Multilateral Affairs and

 International Cooperation... of the Ministry of Foreign 

Affairs, Yill Otero, at the Our Ocean Youth Summit, 

some 70 solutions will be presented --- and the 

creation of alliances for sustainable action 

will be advocated.


The forum will begin tomorrow with the participation of more 

than 600 experts who will discuss six lines of action: marine 

protected areas, marine security, blue economy, sustainable

 fisheries, climate change and marine pollution.


During the two-day event, representatives of governments, 

private companies and civil society will share actions and 

policies for the protection of large bodies of water & the

 responsible management of marine resources for the 

future, as well as sustainable economic growth.


The meeting takes place at a time when climate change, 

marine pollution and the devastation of marine life have 

reached increasingly alarming levels --- due to the 

harmful actions of mankind.


In statements to La Prensa newspaper, Juan Monterrey, 

director of Geoversity’s Biocultural Leadership School, 

pointed out that this world conference cannot be

 another ‘diplomatic show’.


Panama will be the first Central American country to hold 

the Our Oceans conference, and in the opinion of Diana 

Laguna, vice-minister of the Environment, the world 

meeting is a key space for countries to 

their actions in favour of the oceans 

and expose them to the world.




China Adds Sites to Wetlands of

 International Importance List

February 2nd (teleSUR)


Wetlands can purify water and provide food and shelter 

to migratory birds. They are among the Earth's top 

stores of carbon.


On Thursday, the Chinese National Forestry and Grassland

 Administration (NFGA) announced that 18 wetlands in 

China were designated in 2022 as Wetlands of 

International Importance under the Ramsar 

Convention on Wetlands.


The 18 new sites include Beijing Wild Duck Lake Wetland, the

 nine turns and 18 bends on the Greater Khingan Range, and

 Baima Lake Wetland in Huai'an, Jiangsu Province. Following 

the expansion, the number of Wetlands of International 

Importance hit 82 in China, covering a surface area of 

7.647 million hectares, the fourth largest in the world.


February 2nd marks the World Wetlands Day, which is the date

 of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in 1971 in the

 Iranian city of Ramsar. The Ramsar Convention is an

 agreement dedicated to the conservation and 

rational use of wetland ecosystems.


This year's theme of World Wetlands Day is "It's Time for 

Wetlands Restoration," highlighting the urgent need to

 prioritize wetland restoration. On Thursday, the 

NFGA released the results of the monitoring 

of the ecological status of wetlands in 

China in 2022.


The results show that the ecological status of the Wetlands of

 International Importance in China is generally stable, the total

 wetland area has increased compared with the previous year, 

there is a good trend in water quality, and the water supply 

status remains stable. China's wetland biodiversity has

 been enriched, with 2,391 plant species recorded.


During the 2016-2020 period, China allocated about US$1.47 

billion --- to carry out 53 wetland protection and restoration 

projects, and over 2,000 wetland ecological compensation 

projects, projects to return farmland to wetlands, as well 

as wetland protection and restoration subsidy projects.

 The restoration of 467,400 hectares of degraded 

wetlands has been achieved, and 202,600 

hectares of new wetlands were added.


Over the past decade, China has added or restored more than

 800,000 hectares of wetlands. China's first specialized law 

on wetland protection took effect in June 2022. China 

became a party to the Ramsar Convention in 1992.


So far, more than 2,400 wetlands around the world have been 

designated as Wetlands of International Importance, also

 known as Ramsar Sites. Wetlands include natural and 

artificial water bodies on land..... like rivers, lakes, 

swamps, rice paddies, and some coastal areas.


Known as the "kidneys of the Earth" and a reservoir of

 biodiversity, they can purify water and provide food 

and shelter to migratory birds. They are among the 

Earth's top stores of carbon, whose existence 

contributes to global efforts to reduce 

carbon emissions.




Colombia to Protect Santa Marta's 

Cienaga Grande Wetland

Colombia, 2023.

February 2nd (teleSUR)


This coastal ecosystem was declared a Ramsar wetland of

 international importance in 1998 and a UNESCO Biosphere

 Reserve in 2000.


On Wednesday, Environment Minister Susana Muhamad
presented the management plan for the Santa Marta's

 Cienaga Grande, the Colombian largest complex of 

coastal wetlands.


This plan contemplates an investment of US$8 million for the 

recovery of an ecosystem whose environmental goods and 

services directly benefit over 25,000 people in the 

surrounding region.


To preserve this wetland complex, the National Environmental 

System will work together with local communities on projects 

related to issues such as economic reconversion, ecological 

restoration, and the reestablishment of connections 

through channels.


To achieve these goals, the Inter-American Development Bank

 (IDB) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF)... will provide 

financing. These announcements were made.. in connection 

with World Wetlands Day, which is celebrated
every year, on February the 2nd.


During the last decades, the Santa Marta's Cienaga Grande

 has been seriously affected in its ability to sustain fishing

 production, from which, thousands of low-income 

families benefit.


A tweet reads, "We present to you the majestic Cienaga

 Grande de Santa Marta, the first site in the country 

included in the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands 

of International Importance."


"It's not just a matter of saving the ecosystem," said

 Muhamad, who explained that the administration of 

President Gustavo Petro... also seeks to provide 

economic opportunities for local families so 

that they can dignify their way of life 

and culture.


Currently, there are 28 monitoring stations in the Santa 

Marta's Cienaga Grande --- which was declared a 

Ramsar wetland of international importance 

in 1998 and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve 

in 2000.


Through these stations, environmental scientists and 

technicians permanently evaluate the quality of 

water, a resource that nourishes an important

 fauna of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, 

mammals, reptiles, amphibians, 

and birds.




Planet Earth could lose 

10% of biodiversity 

by 2050

by Pavel López Lazo

January 1st, 9:56am

 (Prensa Latina) 


A new study indicates that the Earth is in danger 

of losing 10% of its biodiversity by 2050, due to

 climate change and poor land use.


Recently published by the scientific journal Science

 Advances, the research referred to the cascading

 extinctions of animals and plants on the planet, 

which could lead to the loss of up to 27% of

 biodiversity by 2100. 


This means that, if a certain species becomes extinct,

a predator species of the extinct one could disappear
as it runs out of food.


The same thing... will happen to plants, because, if

pollinating insects become extinct... due to harsh 

heat, they will also disappear because there will 

be no insect to pollinate them. This study 

proves, once again, that all species 

depend, in some way, on others.


The benefits of a rich biodiversity, lead to a balanced

 equilibrium of ecosystems and their respective food

 chains, noted Science Advances, so their resources

 are maximized where energy waste is minimal and 

if biological diversity is limited, there will not be a

 healthy ecosystem ------- with very detrimental

 repercussions for the planet.


Having a rich variety of flora and fauna means great

productivity - and improves the possibility of taking

advantage of all the resources it provides.




 Germany is starting 
to use coal -- again

December 22nd, 3:44pm


Germany is restoring the performance of some coal-

fired power plants. It is reported by Bloomberg.


The German government has decided to return to fossil

 fuels, despite the promise to achieve its climate goals. 

Due to the economic situation in the country, the

 government is trying to prevent a rapid rise 

in energy prices.


The agency reports that the volume of electricity 

consumed in the third quarter was 13.3 percent 

more than in the same period a year ago.


Despite the current situation, the country is not 

backing down, on its pledge to phase out coal 

by 2030. But now the priority of the country’s

 authorities is aimed at supplying electricity 

to its citizens.


“We don’t stop sticking to our climate goals, but when

 we were faced with the challenge of keeping the

 lights on or cutting back on carbon emissions, 

we chose light,” says the International 

Energy Agency.




Kazakhstan and Russia have 

potential -- to work together

 on decarbonization projects

December 22nd, 11:52am (TASS)


Kazakhstan proposes a joint project with Russia, 

to decarbonize the economy and hopes to solve

 various environmental problems together, 

Ambassador to Moscow, Ermek 

Kosherbaev, told TASS in 

an interview.


The environmental issue requires balanced, joint 

solutions, because the countries have similar 

problems: high levels of air, water and soil 

pollution and the buildup of radiation 

and industrial waste, the 

diplomat said. 


"We could jointly work on projects to decarbonize 

the economy. Kazakhstan, like Russia, is an 

energy-consuming country -- where up to 

60% of electricity is generated through 

burning coal," Kosherbaev noted.


Scarce forests are another problem where Russia can

 help Kazakhstan, the Ambassador said. Kazakhstan 

is implementing a state program to plant up to two
billion trees, by 2025, he noted. "We need help 

growing and preserving these forests," the

 diplomat stressed.


There is also a problem of a lack of fresh water. 

Kazakhstan’s water security - largely depends 

on the hydrological and ecological condition 

of cross-border rivers flowing in Russia. In

particular, the catastrophic shallowing &

pollution of the Ural river threatens the 

health of residents in the border 

regions of both countries, the 

diplomat noted.


"I hope that together we will be able to find ways of

 solving these problems - and preserve a clean and 

comfortable environment for future generations,"

 the Ambassador added.





Brazilian indigenous leader

denounces effects of 

climate change

by Martin Hacthoun

November 13th, 10:10am

 (Prensa Latina) 


Climate change deeply affects the lives of indigenous 

peoples due to fires, floods and other similar

 phenomena, warned here, today, Ze 

Bajaga Apurin --- the leader of a

Brazilian indigenous community.


''In the past, the rainy season was very regular, but

 today it is different --- a situation that also occurs 

with floods,'' Bajaga Apurina who is also general

 coordinator of the Indigenous Organization 

and Community Federation of Pura said.


Now we can’t work all day in the fields, because of 

the high temperatures, he said, in an interview 

with the Egyptian daily Al Ahram.


Wearing his traditional feathered attire, Bajaga Apurina

 said it was for these reasons that he decided to

 attend the 27th Conference of the Parties to 

the United Nations Framework Convention 

on Climate Change, which is being held 

in this city, located in the north-

western Sinai Peninsula.


''We are here to bring a message to all governments

 and businessmen: what they are doing is not only

 endangering indigenous peoples, but the entire 

planet and all living beings,'' he stressed.




Rwanda Reduced 126,000 Tons 

of Carbon Emissions: in 9 Years

November 10th, 2022



At least 47,000 hectares of forests and agro-forestry

 were planted while 31,000 hectares of watershed 

and water bodies have been protected.


Rwanda has cut 126,000 tonnes of carbon emissions

 over the last nine years owing to strategic climate

 resilience investments made across the country,

 official data released during Finance Day at the 

27th session of the Conference of the Parties 

(COP27) in Egypt showed.


The data on green investments released by the

 Rwanda Green Fund showed that since 2013, 

funding worth US$247 million... has been 

mobilized for strategic climate resilient 

investments. The funding was invested 

in 46 green projects across the country 

that helped to cut carbon emissions. 


At least 47,000 hectares of forests and agro-forestry

 were planted while 31,000 hectares of watershed 

and water bodies have been protected.


 Over 88,000 households were given access to off-grid

 clean energy while 120,000 people were supported
 cope with the effects of climate change,
according to
 the data.


Rwanda needs an estimated US$11 billion
to mitigate,
 and adapt to climate change
effects up to 2030,
 Rwanda's Economic
Planning Minister 
Claudine Uwera said.


"COP27 is an opportunity to engage development

 partners, to meet the remaining financing of 

US$6.5 billion to accelerate momentum to 

deliver on Rwanda's climate agenda," 

she added.


Jeanne D'arc Mujawamariya, Rwandan Environment

 Minister called on rich nations to deliver on the US

$100 billion per annum pledge. Since 2009, the 

pledge of US$100 billion ------- by developed 

countries every year, by 2020, to support
developing countries ----- 
to cope with
climate change, 
is yet to be met.


During the Finance Day heads of governments and

 activists called for immediate and innovative

 solutions to drive the global climate finance 

landscape to complement public finance. 


Rwandan President Paul Kagame has said 

- questioning whether Africa is ready to 

make use of climate finance, should 

not be used as an excuse to 

justify inaction.




Seychelles to Protect
of Mangroves
& Seagrass in 2023

 Says President At COP27

November 8th,

Seychelles News
Agency (Victoria)


Seychelles will move to 100 percent protection of all

 its mangroves and seagrass meadows, in 2023,

 adding to the already 32 percent protection 

of its ocean and 50 percent of its forest, 

President Wavel Ramkalawan said 

on Monday.


Ramkalawan made the announcement in his

 statement.. at the high-level segment for 

heads of state and government in the 

27th Conference of the Parties

(COP27) --- taking place in 

Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.


"Like other islands - we contribute less to the 

destruction of the planet, yet we suffer the 

most. For example, the carbon emissions 

of Seychelles are very low and we clean 

up through our mangroves & seagrass 

meadows, thus making us a zero 

contributor.. to the destruction 

of the planet, yet our islands 

are disappearing and our 

coasts are being 


 he said.


Seychelles has one of the most biologically diverse

 marine ecosystems on the planet while the carbon

 ecosystems cover over two million hectares, with

 seagrass beds accounting for 99 percent of the 

blue carbon extent. 


The other carbon ecosystem in the island nation 

is mangrove forests with more than 80 percent 

located within the Aldabra atoll.


Ramkalawan took the opportunity to express

 Seychelles' support and solidarity -- with all 

nations that have experienced the terrible 

effects of climate change, lately.


The head of state of Seychelles, an archipelago 

in the western Indian Ocean, asked if the 

Conference of the Parties is a counting 

game or a real countdown to saving

 the planet.


"I pray that we leave Egypt with good decisions and 

pledges, that will be followed by concrete actions 

--- instead of another set of empty promises," 

he said.


Ramkalawan reiterated the need for the Multi 

Vulnerability Index (MVI) to be the new order 

as "SIDS [Small Island Developing States] 

are vulnerable and we need access to 

concessionary funding, in order to 

defend ourselves against climate 

change, while fulfilling the SDGs 

[Sustainable Development Goals] 

to give our people a better life."


"Industrialised nations must pay greater attention 

to the Damage and Loss agenda. We, the oceanic 

states that receive the harsh effects of your 

activities, have to be assisted in repairing 

the damage you cause to us," he added.


Ramkalawan said that Seychelles is playing

a leadership role... and building strong 

partnerships... however small the 

island nation is.


He spoke about the Ocean Race Summit the 

island nation hosted to discuss the urgency 

of saving the ocean.


"Later... we offered the venue for the first European 

Blue Invest Forum outside Europe to put emphasis 

on financing the Blue Economy and late last 

month we welcomed Prince Albert of 

Monaco and the Monaco research 

expedition in the search for 

resilient corals, plus we 

are active in promoting 

the Great Blue Wall 

project," he said.


"Let us be good partners, let us give our youth 

a better planet and may we leave Egypt with

 enhanced hope and commitment: to save 

our one and only blue planet," 

Ramkalawan concluded.




China launches promotion 

of bamboo as a substitute

 for plastic

by Alina Ramos Martin

November 7th, 11am

 (Prensa Latina) 


China and the International Bamboo and Rattan 

Organization (Inbar) launched an initiative that 

seeks to promote the use of the first resource 

as a substitute for plastic, including durable 

types such as PVC.


The project aims to formulate policies at national, 

regional and global levels, identifying industries 

and coordinating standards for trade in


It calls for scientific research, expanding
technological innovation and defining 

standards in the development of this 

area, promoting the expansion of
marketing, advertising and 

consumption of this plant as
a durable material -------- in 

construction, decoration,

furniture, paper making,

and disposable items.


The initiative is expected to serve as a roadmap 

to progress in mitigating plastic pollution and 

the effects of climate change.


China and Inbar prepared it as part of measures 

aimed at strengthening global partnerships and

 achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda for 

Sustainable Development.


The parties presented the program during the opening

of the 2nd Bamboo and Rattan World Congress (BARC

2022), which is ongoing in Beijing until tomorrow with
the attendance of representatives from governments,
research institutes, international organizations, non-

governmental organizations and private sectors.


This meeting is seeking to create new platforms to 

support producers and achieve carbon neutrality,

 including high-level dialogues between 

policymakers, parallel sessions and 

a small exhibition of goods.




New UN Weather Report 

'A Chronicle of Chaos

- UN Chief

Monday, November 7th, 2022

Pan-African News Wire

The world's only international 

daily Pan-African News source


UN News Service


The latest report from the UN World Meteorological 

Organization (WMO), released on Sunday, shows 

that the last 8 years have been the warmest

on record ------ fueled by ever-rising 

greenhouse gas concentrations.


The provisional 2022 State of the Global Climate study

 outlines the increasingly dramatic signs of the

 climate emergency, which include a doubling 

of the rate of sea level rise since 1993, to a 

new record high this year; and indications 

of unprecedented glacier melting on the 

European Alps.


The full 2022 report is due to be released in the Spring

 of 2023, but the provisional study was brought out

 ahead of COP27, the UN climate conference, 

raising awareness of the huge scale of the 

problems that world leaders must tackle, 

if they are to have any hope of getting 

the climate crisis under control.


"The greater the warming, the worse the impacts", 

said WMO chief Petter Taalas, who launched the

report.... at an event held in Sharm El-Sheikh, 

Egypt, the venue for this year's conference. 


"We have such high levels of carbon dioxide in the

 atmosphere now that the lower 1.5 degree of the

 Paris Agreement is barely within reach. It's 

already too late for many glaciers and the

 melting will continue for hundreds, if 

not thousands of years, with major 

implications for water security".


Critical conditions in all parts of the world


The report is a dizzying catalogue of worrying climate

 events, taking place against a backdrop of record

 levels of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous 

oxide - the three main greenhouse gases that 

contribute to global warming - which is 

currently estimated to be around 

1.15 degrees Celsius above 

pre-industrial levels.


Throughout the alps --- an average thickness loss of 

between three and over four metres was recorded, 

whilst in Switzerland, all snow melted during the

 summer season, the first time this has 

happened in recorded history; since 

the beginning of the century, the 

volume of glacier ice in the 

country, has dropped by 

more than a third.


The increasing ice melt worldwide has led to sea

 levels rising... over the last 30 years, at rapidly

 increasing rates. The rate of ocean warming 

has been exceptionally high over the past 

two decades; marine heatwaves... are 

becoming more frequent, and these

warming rates are expected to 

continue in the future.


The study, details the effects of both droughts and

 excessive rains. Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia are 

facing crop failure and food insecurity, because of

 another season of below-average rains, whilst 

more than a third of Pakistan was flooded in 

July and August, as a result of record-

breaking rain, displacing almost 

eight million people.


The southern Africa region, was battered by a series 

of cyclones over two months at the start of the year, 

hitting Madagascar hardest with torrential rain and 

devastating floods, and in September, Hurricane

 Ian caused extensive damage and loss of life

 in Cuba and southwest Florida.


Large parts of Europe sweltered in repeated episodes

of extreme heat: the UK saw a new national record 

on July 19th, when the temperature topped more 

than 40°C for the first time. This was 

accompanied by a persistent and 

damaging drought and wildfires.


Early warnings for all


In a statement released on Sunday, the UN 

Secretary-General, António Guterres, 

described the WMO report as a 

"chronicle of climate chaos," 

detailing the catastrophic 

speed of climate change, 

which is devastating 

lives and livelihoods 

on every continent.


Faced with the inevitability of continued climate

 shocks and extreme weather across the world, 

Mr. Guterres is to launch an action plan at 

COP27 to achieve Early Warnings for All 

in the next five years.


The UN chief explained that these early warning systems

 are necessary, to protect people and communities

 everywhere. "We must answer the planet's 

distress signal with action, ambitious, 

credible climate action," he argued. 

"COP27 must be the place - and 

now must be the time."



Scientific Plan for Nature-

Based Climate Solutions

October 13th, 2:23pm (FNA)


Agricultural engineering professor, Ben Runkle, has 

co-authored a leading ecosystem scientists and 

policy experts report --- calling for a scientific 

approach to nature-based climate solutions 

in the United States.


The report is the result of dozens of scientists and

policy experts --- gathering in Washington, DC, in 

June, to confront the consequences of climate 

change and ensure a scientific footing for 

nature-based climate solutions.


The report reviews the current knowledge in the field

 and offers a multidisciplinary plan for the science, 

tools and technologies needed to support a 

policy that will mitigate the effects of 

climate change.


The researchers are calling for a roughly $1 billion

 investment in science and infrastructure 

development to ensure nature-based 

climate solutions are robust and 

credible, that ground-based 

experiments & monitoring, 

inform rigorously bench-

marked maps, model 

predictions and also

protocol evaluations.


"Although... the investment necessary to generate this

 information is not small, it is a fraction of the amount

 already allocated, to implement nature-based 

solutions," Runkle said. "Investing in sound 

science to predict, monitor and verify the 

benefits of these strategies is 

fundamental to ensuring 

their success."


Nature-based climate solutions include reforestation, 

as well as climate-smart agriculture, and wetland

 restoration. They harness natural processes to

 reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the 

atmosphere and slow climate change.


These approaches have substantial and growing

 support from bipartisan lawmakers, the private 

sector and conservation-minded organizations, 

but the scientific evidence to support their

 effectiveness is not fully developed.


The authors identify critical gaps in the science needed..

 to support large-scale implementations of nature-based

 climate solutions and chart a research agenda to

 address these gaps. They also provide a set of

 principles to guide future assessments of the

 effectiveness and viability of nature-

based climate solutions.


Among the numerous strategies for achieving the

 overall goal, Runkle's research group focuses on

 ecosystem-scale measurement. They use 

micrometeorological flux towers to 

measure basic atmospheric 



 The measurements will enable the team to enhance

 and expand ground-based monitoring networks 

and distributed experiments.


This effort includes: • Creating robust datasets against 

which models, mapping tools and monitoring protocols

 can be evaluated and compared. • Creating networks

 of distributed field trials and experiments to evaluate

 emerging or understudied strategies for nature-based

 climate solutions. • Enhancing existing environmental 

observation networks with more representative sites 

and data. • Creating a national soil-carbon-

monitoring network.


"Essentially we can use the many agricultural fields of

 Arkansas... as test-beds for research under real-world

 management conditions," Runkle said. "This provides

 a quicker and more thorough understanding of how

 field and farm management can be used to boost 

sustainability outcomes -- quicker because we

 don't have to work first in a greenhouse and

 then an experimental farm."


Runkle has already started. He recently received $1

 million from the USDA Climate Smart Agriculture

 Initiative, a project led by USA Rice and Ducks

 Unlimited. The award is part of $80 million in
funding from US Department of Agriculture 

to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions 

associated with rice production.


The grant was one of 70 announced in September, 

totaling a $2.8 billion investment.. in the creation
Partnerships for Climate Smart Commodities
the USDA.


US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack visited Isbell 

Farms in central Arkansas on Sept. 16 to highlight 

the project. Runkle has collaborated with the 

Isbells for several years, focused on making 

rice production more sustainable and 

climate friendly.



$10.1 billion to be allocated to 

environmental programs for

 2023-2025: Russian minister

October 7th, 3:46pm (TASS)

 Funding for environmental protection, natural 

resources reproduction and use and forestry

 development programs... will amount to 

628 bln rubles ($10.1 bln) ..over the 

next three years, Russian Minister 

of Natural Resources Alexander 

Kozlov said on Friday.

"The Environment Protection state programs - 320 bln

 [rubles] ($5.1 bln) --- for the three-year period. We
have such positions here as hydrometeorology, 

environmental supervision, Arctic research 

and hunting, and such federal projects as 

Clean Country, Clean Air, Integrated 

System of Solid Communal Waste

 Management, and Preservation 

of Lake Baikal, Biodiversity 

and Eco-tourism," the 

Minister said.

Funding for the state program... of natural resources

 reproduction and use, will amount to 156 bln rubles

 ($2.5 bln) in the three years to come, and 152 bln 

rubles ($2.45 bln) will be provided for the state 

program of forestry development, 

Kozlov added.



Microplastics are 

now discovered
plant leaves

September 12th, 10:37pm 



The University of Presov in Slovakia said that in the

 studied samples of plant leaves, scientists, for
first time, found traces of microplastics.

findings are published
in the
 journal BioRisk.


Plants from the genus of villi (Dipsacus) have

 characteristic leaves growing in pairs on 

several tiers --- which forms a kind of 

receptacle that collects water and 

attracts insects into it.


 In the samples taken, experts found fragments and

 fibres of multi-coloured microplastics -- some of 

which were up to 2.4 millimetres long. No third

-party sources of pollution around the territory 

were recorded, so the plastic got into the 

flowers from the polluted atmosphere, 

the researchers say. 


Another suggestion is that it could have been

 introduced by snails from the soil or from 

other plants.


In the future, experts plan to thoroughly study the

 impact of microplastics on ecosystems of flora 

and insects. In addition, they suggest using 

villi as bioindicators of environmental 



In June 2022, the University of Canterbury 

announced the first detection of micro-

plastics in fresh snow.. in Antarctica.




Cuba will host the International 

Agroforestry Convention in

by Elsy Fors Garzon

August 27th, 3:43am

(Prensa Latina) 


Cuba will host the 2022 International Agroforestry 

Convention next October, a macro-event aimed 

at researchers, academics, businessmen and 

communicators, it was reported at a

 press conference.


The director of the Agroforestry Research Institute 

(INAF), Pedro Pablo Henry, highlighted that the VIII 

Forestry Congress of Cuba, the IV International

Congress of Coffee and Cocoa, the VIII 

International Meeting of Young 

Researchers and the VII Cuban

 Congress of Beekeeping, will 

meet, as part of the event.


Henry pointed out that for 4 days the event’s agenda

will occupy the link between forests and society, 

biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate 

change, production, as well as the 

interactions of forests and water 

and sustainable agricultural

production technologies.


Similarly, the director of the INAF, highlighted, that 

the integrated management of soils and nutrients, 

agroforestry activity  ....facing the challenges
achieve the UNs Sustainable Development
Goals, the quality, benefit 
and by-products
of coffee, and cocoa, 
will be discussed &
the improvement 
and breeding of bees.


Henry stressed that the convention will be an opportune

 moment - to exchange endorsed scientific experiences 

that directly affect the increase in productive activity.


The director of the INAF reported that the presence of

 about 400 participants is estimated, and that to date 

specialists from Italy, Peru, Panama, Mexico, 

Colombia and Ecuador, have confirmed.




Many Ways Nature 

Nurtures Human 


August 7th, 10:31am (FNA)


 A systematic review of 301 academic articles, 

on "cultural ecosystem services" has enabled
researchers to identify how the nonmaterial 

contributions from nature, are linked to and 

significantly affect, human well-being. 


They identified 227 unique pathways through which

 human interaction with nature - positively or 

negatively - affects well-being. These were 

then used to isolate 16 distinct underlying 

mechanisms, or types of connection, 

through which people experience 

these effects.


The comprehensive review brings together observations

from a fragmented field of research, which could be 

of great use to policymakers --- looking to benefit 

society through the careful use and protection 

of the intangible benefits of nature.


Do you ever feel the need for a bit of fresh air... to

 energize yourself, or to spend time in the garden 

to relax? Aside from clean water, food & useful 

raw materials, nature provides many other 

benefits, that we might overlook, or find 

hard to grasp and quantify. 


Research into cultural ecosystem services (CESs) the

 nonmaterial benefits we receive from nature, aims to

 better understand these contributions, whether they 

emerge through recreation and social experiences, 

or nature's spiritual value and our sense of place.


Hundreds of CESs studies have explored the

 connections between nature and human 

well-being. However -- they have often 

used different methods and measure

-ments -- or focused on different 

demographics and places. 


This fragmentation makes it difficult to identify

 overarching patterns or commonalities, on 

how these intangible contributions really 

affect human well-being. Better under-

standing them could aid real-world 

decision-making --- about the 

environment, which could 

benefit individuals and 

the wider society.


To try to get a "big-picture" view, graduate student

 Lam Huynh, from the Graduate Program in

 Sustainability Science at the University 

of Tokyo, and team... conducted a 

systematic literature review of 

301 academic articles. 


After a critical reading, they were able to identify 

hundreds of links. "We identified 227 unique 

linkages between a single CES (such as 

recreation or aesthetic value), and a 

single constituent of human well-

being (such as connectedness, 

spirituality, or health). 


''We knew that there are many linkages, but we were

 surprised ---- to find quite so many of them," said
"Then, through further critical reading,
we could 
identify major commonalities."


In particular, they identified 16 distinct underlying 

"mechanisms," or types of connection, which 

refer to the different ways that people's 

interaction with nature... affects


For example, there can be positive interactions through

 "cohesive," "creative" and "formative" mechanisms,

 but also, negative interactions, through "irritative" 

and "destructive" mechanisms. Previous studies 

had identified some of these mechanisms, but 

10 were newly defined --- including the more 

negative effects, clearly showing that our 

well-being is linked to the intangible 

aspects of nature, in many more 

ways than previously thought.


According to the paper, the negative contributions 

to human well-being came mainly through the

 degradation or loss of CESs, and through 

ecosystem "disservices" ------ such as 

annoyance at wildlife noise, which 

can affect some people's mental 

health, in particular. 


However, on the other hand, the highest positive 

contributions of CESs, were to both mental and 

physical health, which were generated mainly

 through: recreation, tourism and 

aesthetic value.


"It is particularly interesting to note that the identified

 pathways and mechanisms, rather than affecting

 human well-being independently, often interact

 strongly," explained co-author, Alexandros 

Gasparatos, associate professor at the 

Institute for Future Initiatives (IFI)
the University of Tokyo. 


"This can create negative trade-offs in some contexts, 

but also important positive synergies that can be

 leveraged, to provide multiple benefits to 

human well-being."


Despite the comprehensiveness of the review, the

 researchers acknowledge that there may still be

 more links, that have not yet been identified,

 especially as the review revealed gaps in

 the current research landscape. 


"We hypothesize... that missing pathways and

mechanisms could be present in ecosystem

-dependent communities, and, especially, 

traditional and Indigenous communities, 

considering their very unique relations 

with nature," said Gasparatos.


"Another of the knowledge gaps we identified --- is 

that the existing literature on these nonmaterial 

dimensions of human-nature relationships 

--- mainly focuses... on the well-being of 

individuals, rather than on collective 

(community) well-being," 

explained Huynh.


 "This significant gap hinders our capacity to identify

 possible synergies and trade-offs in ecosystem

 management research and practice."


The team has now received a grant, to explore the

 effects of CESs provision to human well-being in

 the urban spaces of Tokyo. "This project is a 

logical follow-up, to test whether and how 

some of the identified pathways and 

mechanisms unfold in reality and

 ...intersect with human well-

being," said Gasparatos.


The researchers hope that this study and similar efforts,

 will make it possible to apply the key findings from this

 complex and diverse body of knowledge, to enable a

 real-world impact. 


Professor Kensuke Fukushi from IFI, and study co-

author, summarized their hope that: "an improved 

understanding of nature's many connections to 

human well-being & the underlying processes

 mediating them, can help policymakers to 

design appropriate interventions. Such 

coordinated actions - could leverage 

the positive contributions of these 

connections - & become another 

avenue to protect and manage 

ecosystems sustainably."




EU Climate Plan Doomed 

Unless Anti-Russia 

Sanctions Lifted: 


July 10th, 10:29am

(al Manar)


The controversial EU green transition plan, also known

 as Fit for 55, which was designed to reduce the bloc’s 

greenhouse gas emissions by 55%... by 2030, is

 unfeasible --- unless sanctions against Russia 

are lifted, EU lawmaker, Roman Haider, 

told Sputnik.


“They don’t know how to save their unrealistic

 and dangerous, Fit for 55 strategy --- without 

canceling the sanctions against Russia,”
Haider considered.


On Wednesday, the European Parliament backed EU 

regulations designating nuclear and gas energy: as

 environmentally sustainable economic activities, 

saying that private investment in gas and 

nuclear projects... may play a role in
green transition process.


Massively harmful to the environment


Haider indicated that the European Parliament 

decision signaled that EU governments are 

facing a stark reality, recognizing that 

more time and more realistic goals 

are required to transform the 

energy infrastructure

 in Europe.


“This package is a massive threat to businesses in

 Europe. It makes Europe even more dependent
 imports and drives the price spiral further 

upwards. It destroys jobs, promotes the

 impoverishment of Europeans --- and is 

massively harmful to the environment.

In short, Fit for 55 - is a serious threat 

to Europe,” the EU lawmaker warned.


He also stressed that to achieve carbon neutrality

 by 2040.. and meet the goals of the Paris climate

 agreement, Austria would have to cut emissions,

 by 95% over the next 18 years, as a recent study

 shows that the country’s CO2 emissions in 2021 

reached 1990 levels.


Source: Agencies (edited by

 Al-Manar English Website)




Colombians Reject Judicial 

Authorization for Fracking

July 8th, 2022



The decision disregards the risk of serious and

 irreversible damage that this experimental 

technique represents --- for the human 

environment, health, and integrity.


On Thursday, Colombian environmental defenders

 rejected a decision whereby the Council of State

 facilitates oil exploitation through hydraulic

 fracturing (fracking).


"The decision disregards the environmental 

precautionary principle -- and the risk of 

serious and irreversible damage that 

this experimental technique 

represents: for the human 

environment, health, and 

integrity" ...the Fracking 

Free Colombia Alliance

 (ACLF) stressed.


“Fracking is dangerous, in the context of the 

climate crisis and openly inconsistent with 

the international commitments acquired 

by Colombia,” it recalled.


The ACLF also recalled, that the implementation 

of this technique will increase risks to the lives 

of environmental defenders and Indigenous 

peoples in Magdalena Medio, "a territory 

that has suffered oil exploitation and 

armed violence, for more than 

a century."


The Colombian debate about fracking's environmental

 and social consequences intensified during the

 administration of President Juan Manuel 

Santos (2010-2018), who signed a 

decree that opened the doors to

 the use of fracking in so-called 

"unconventional deposits''.


Later, despite the social rejection of the pollution and

 violence associated with the operations of fracking

 companies, the far-right President Ivan Duque
implemented this exploitation practice, 

arguing that it would contribute to 

the country's energy security.


During the last electoral campaign, the Historical 

Pact candidate Gustavo Petro openly took a 

position against hydraulic fracturing.


On Thursday, ratifying his political promises, 

the President-elect Petro said "there will be 

no fracking in Colombia."



The Brazilian Amazon Lost 

3,987 SQ KM of Vegetation

July 8th, 12:53pm (teleSUR)


Since Jair Bolsonaro came to power, in 

January 2019, the rates of devastation 

in the jungle have increased by 73%.


On Friday, Brazil's National Institute for Space

Research (INPE) revealed that deforestation

in the Brazilian Amazon broke a record in 

the first half of the year, with 3,987 

square kilometres of devastated 

vegetation, 10.6 percent more 

than the same period in 2021.


The area of lost vegetation is equivalent to 483 

football fields. In June alone, 1,120 square 

kilometres of native vegetation were 

destroyed in that region of the 

country, 5.5 percent more 

than in the same month 

of 2021.


These are the highest rates - for the month and for 

the semester - registered since 2016, when the

 measurement began. The data corresponds to
the Legal Amazon Deforestation 
System in Real Time 
(DETER) which uses
images to offer early warnings 

about the areas that are being 
deforested in the Amazon.


This system captures monthly deforestation alarms in

 Brazil and differs from the PRODES system, which

 only issues annual information between August 

and July of the following year, which is 

considered the reference period for 

measuring environmental 



However, the figures are beginning to worry, as the 

trend shows that the deforestation of the jungle 

will grow for the 4th consecutive year, 

something that environmentalists 

attribute to the lack of controls 

and supervision of President 

Bolsonaro's administration,

to stop the activities that 

destroy the forest, such 

as illegal mining or the 

illicit trade in wood.


In fact, the far-right politician defends the 

exploitation of natural resources in the 

Amazon and in indigenous territories, 

where the law prohibits 

extractive activities.


Since Bolsonaro came to power in January 2019, 

the rates of devastation in the jungle have 

increased by 73 percent to reach 13,038 

square kilometres in 2021. In 2018, a 

year before the former Capitan took 

office, only 7,536 sq. kilometres 

of jungle were devastated.


The largest tropical forest on the planet 

concentrates 72%of Brazil's mining 

extraction and 99% of the wood 

sold by the country is illegally 

extracted from the Amazon.




Did you know...?


Russia is the only country in the world

where bio-resources... are increasing

every year: forests, fish and wildlife.

Image: Cuba-proteccion-medio-ambiente

Environmental protection 

--- a priority in Cuba’s

legislative framework

by Ileana Ferrer Fonte

June 5th, 11:07am (Prensa Latina) 


The protection of the environment in Cuba has 

solid foundations in a regulatory framework 

adapted to the peculiarities of the 

Caribbean island, which faces 

the severe impacts of 

climate change.


The Government’s will to promote sustainable 

development is expressed in the design and

implementation of specific policies --- such 

as the Natural Resources & Environment 

Macro Program... that, in turn, responds
the priorities established in Cuba’s 

National Economic and Social 

Development Plan.


Odalys Goicochea, general director for the 

Environment at the Ministry of Science, 

Technology and Environment (CITMA), 

explained how regulations respond

to the existing social demands

and problems.


“Tarea Vida” (Task Life), a Cuban State Plan to 

Face Climate Change, for example, underwent 

adjustments, in order to provide more specific 

attention to social aspects, and the need to 

involve scientists and the population 

--- to solve community problems, 

Goicochea said.


Several strategies... including the 

National Environmental Strategy 

- approved for the 2021-2025 

period - will allow measuring 

progress made in this area, 

thanks to indicators:- such 

as the ecological footprint 

index, the environmental 

quality index - & climate

resilience - are proof of 

the efforts made in the 

regulatory field.


The highest expression of Cuba’s political 

willingness to protect the environment, 

is the recent approval by the National 

People’s Power Assembly, of the 

Law on Natural Resources and 

Environment System.

Image: Cuba-dia-mundial-del-medio-ambiente

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel 

marks World Environment Day

by Ileana Ferrer Fonte

June 5th, 10:17am (Prensa Latina) 


President Miguel Diaz-Canel on Sunday marked 

World Environment Day, which is celebrated 

in Cuba with firm steps to preserve nature.


On Twitter, the president recalled that Cuba has a 

new law on Natural Resources and Environment, 

includes the natural sphere in the Heritage 

Protection Law, & ''types'' environmental 

crimes in the Penal Code.


On #WorldEnvironmentDay, recalling that speech 

made by #Fidel in #RiodeJaneiro in 1992 is 

essential. It seems that it has been said 

for today, Diaz-Canel tweeted, in 

another of his messages.


The president referred to the speech given by the

 historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel 

Castro, at the United Nations Conference on 

Environment and Development in Brazil, 

where he warned 30 years ago about 

the negative impact of humankind 

on nature.


“Enough of selfishness. Enough of schemes 

of domination. Enough of insensitivity, 

irresponsibility and deceit. Tomorrow 

will be too late to do what we should 

have done a long time ago,” said 

Fidel Castro on that occasion, 

when he advocated for a just

 international economic order.


World Environment Day has been celebrated since

1973 --- to raise awareness among the world’s 

population -- about the importance of caring

 for ecosystems and promoting respect 

for nature.




Plastic waste has more

than doubled since 2000

by Pavel López Lazo

February 24th, 6:35pm (Prensa Latina) 


A report entitled Global Plastics Outlook on

Thursday, revealed that the amount of 

plastic waste has more than doubled 

globally since 2000 --- and nearly a 

quarter, is dumped in uncontrolled 

sites, burned in open pits or leaks 

into the environment.


Plastic waste has more than doubled
worldwide, since 2000, with a
whopping 353 million tons
produced in 2019.


After taking into account losses during
recycling, only 9% of plastic waste 

was ultimately recycled, while 

19% was incinerated and 

nearly 50% went to 

sanitary landfills.


“The remaining 22% was disposed of in

 uncontrolled dumpsites, burned in 

open pits, or leaked into

 the environment.”


On the other hand, a scientific study shows 

the oceans already accumulate 24.4 billion

 pieces of microplastic.


Experts estimated that amounts range from

 82,000 to 578,000 tons, or the equivalent 

of roughly $30 billion 500-ml plastic 

water bottles.


According to the journal Microplastics and

 Nanoplastics, the study aimed to assess 

the true impact these particles have, on 

aquatic organisms and the environment.


Microplastics – up to 5-mm size – can travel

thousands of kilometres in the open sea 

and, depending on their degradation, 

remain at certain distances from 

the ocean surface.


Although more research is needed to know the 

effects of microplastics, several studies have

confirmed a real impact on people’s lives, as 

they can suffer from alveolar lung disease, 

and altered hormones, leading to other 

disorders, including infertility 

or hypothyroidism.


According to a report published by the World

 Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), people are at 

risk of ingesting around 5 grams of
plastic, per week.






 "A recent publication by a European commission
on soil health found up 
to 70% of soils in the
EU, a
re losing the capacity to provide
crucial ecological 


"When soil is healthy, it stores and drains water.
It also grows 95% of the 
food humans eat.''

''When soil is 
degraded, its basic
processes don't
properly. "

Go to this site before it's ''lost'':



Illegal gold mines flood

 Amazon forests with

 toxic mercury

by Elsy Fors Garzon

 January 29th, 3:02am (Prensa Latina)


 Illegal gold mines in the Amazon jungle of Peru

 contaminate with mercury at levels as high as

 those found in the industrial regions of China,

 a new investigation revealed today.


The levels, 137 micrograms per square metre 

of soil each year, were higher than in any 

forest tested near coal-fired power plants

 in Europe and North America... the 

authors reported...  in the British

 journal Nature Communication.


They behaved on a par with industrial cities in China 

such as coal-dependent Chongqing, they described, 

adding that the findings suggest a sponge-like

 behaviour of the rainforest trees.


The leaves, which are coated with contaminated dust,

 also absorb gaseous mercury as they take in air,

 they noted in the article.


The metal, eventually, finds its way to the ground 

as leaves fall or rain washes away dust and after

capturing the dripping water, they discovered 

more than twice as much rain washout, 

compared to any other site.


The results indicated that forests can buffer some 

of the harmful effects of mercury, by hiding it in

 leaves and soil, the study participants noted.


People and wildlife are generally not at risk from 

this locked-up mercury, explained Luis 

Fernandez, a tropical ecologist and 

executive director of Wake Forest 

University’s Amazon Science

 Innovation Centre.


You could walk, swim in the water, bury yourself in

 the leaves... and you’re not going to get toxicity 

doing that -- a reason to keep tropical forests 

standing, the expert emphasized.


Still, the airborne form of mercury can become very

 dangerous when it seeps into water and sediment 

and is converted to something else, 

methylmercury, by bacteria in

 the liquid, he warned.


The team involved found sobering signs, that

 methylmercury is reaching forest creatures, 

and by testing three species of songbirds 

they had levels two to 12 times higher 

than similar species caught in a 

forest far from a mine.


This shows that it is entering the food web, said 

Emily Bernhardt, a subject supervisor for

 biogeochemistry and analysis at Duke 

University in North Carolina.


Research data shows that gold mining recently

overtook coal burning, as the world’s largest 

source of airborne mercury pollution, 

annually releasing up to 1,000 tons 

of the potent brain poison into 

the atmosphere.




Media report


 impact of sea

 by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado

January 11th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 


Sea traffic in Europe accounts for 13.5 percent 

of the emission of greenhouse gases and 

carbon microparticles into the airways 

of crews working on ships, 

media reported.


The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) made

 public its 2021 report on the environmental impact 

of those operations, which revealed that container 

ships, bulk carriers and oil tankers account for 60

 percent of the emission of those particles (soot).


It noted that cruise ships, despite making up a low

percentage of the total fleet, emit 10 tons per ship 

a year, a figure lower than the 1.7 recorded for 

an oil tanker.


The report warned about wastewater discharge: large

 ships discharge huge quantities of dirty, oily, bilge

 and ballast water and solid waste (plastics, 

packages, food waste) into the sea, 

causing damage to the 

sea's ecosystems.


According to EMSA, the main dirty waters discharged

 into the sea are used to clean exhaust gases of 

chimneys through filters installed to retain

 polluting particles.


On the other hand, the report warned about the

 accidental loss of huge amounts of containers 

with all their content, which ends up at the 

bottom of the sea.


Another negative impact is the so-called underwater

 noise, caused by ships, which disturbs the life of 

cetaceans and other species that use

 frequencies to communicate with

 each other.





2022 to be among 

hottest years 

since 1850

by Ana Luisa Brown

January 7th, 00:30am (Prensa Latina)  


The average temperature in 2022 will be 

between 0.97 and 1.21 degrees Celsius

 (°C), among the warmest years since 

1850, the World Meteorological 

Organization (WMO) noted 

regarding the estimates 

from the UK Service.



The fact that the central figure has exceeded 1.0°C

 since 2015 masks the considerable international 

variation, explained one of the leading experts 

in climate prediction, Doug Smith, who added 

that in some places, such as the Arctic, 

temperatures have risen several 

degrees... since pre-

industrial times.


According to the head of Long Range Forecasting 

at the British Met Office, Professor Adam Scaife, 

the predicted temperature illustrates that the 

increase in greenhouse gases in the 

atmosphere is now warming the 

planet at an exponential rate.





China's 'man-made sun' 

sets new world record

December 31st, 2:22pm (PressTV)


Chinese scientists have set a new world record

 by achieving a 1,056 second-long operation of 

a "man-made sun".


The breakthrough was made on Thursday during 

the latest round of experiments at the 

experimental advanced super-

conducting tokamak (EAST),

 or China's "man-made sun".


The scientists achieved a temperature of 70 million

degrees Celsius of long-pulse and high-parameter

 plasma, lasting for 1,056 seconds, according to 

Gong Xianzu, a researcher at the Institute of 

Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of 

Sciences. The scientist is in charge of the 

experiment conducted in Hefei, capital 

of east China's Anhui province.


They had earlier set a world record of achieving 

a plasma temperature of 120 million degrees 

Celsius for 101 seconds on May 28 this year.


The latest round of experiments started in early 

December this year, and will last until at least 

June 2022.


The ultimate goal of EAST, located in Hefei, is 

to create nuclear fusion like the Sun, using 

deuterium abounding in the sea, to 

provide a steady stream of 

clean energy.




World faces largest
species extinction 

since dinosaur era,
WWF warns

December 31st, 1:09pm (RT)


Around a million species might disappear 

within the next few decades.....  the 

conservation organization reports


The Earth is facing the biggest extinction event.. 

since the end of the dinosaur era, with a million 

species at risk of becoming extinct, within the 

next few decades, the World Wildlife Fund

 (WWF) has said in a report.


Titled ‘Winners and Losers of 2021’, the article, 

published on Wednesday, lists the endangered 

animals whose populations have shrunk or 

grown the most this year.


“African forest elephants, polar bears, tree frogs, 

cranes and species of fish such as sturgeon and 

huchen --- these are just some of the losers in
They represent thousands of
endangered animal 
the WWF said.


Among the ‘winners’, the organization lists the Iberian

 lynx – one of the rarest cats in the world – along with

 Nepalese rhinos and great bustard birds. Noting that
the success of these species is a tribute to

 the efforts of conservationists, the WWF 

emphasizes that the situation 

remains serious.


“Around a million species could become extinct within

 the next few decades, which would mark the largest

 species extinction since the end of the dinosaur

 era,” the organization claimed.


According to a WWF board member Eberhard

 Brandes, species protection, now involves 

the question of “whether humanity will 

someday end up on the red list in a 

hazard category and become the

 loser of its own way of life.”


There are more than 40,000 animal and plant species

 currently on the International Red List, qualified as

 threatened with extinction by the International 

Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 


In total the Red List includes almost 

142,600 endangered species.



Fully biodegradable food 

packaging developed 

in Russia

December 21st, 2:55am (TASS) 


The first food packaging made of laminated 

cardboard, which decomposes in soil in 

six months, was developed in Russia, 

OSQ press service told TASS.


"Laminated craft packaging, when it gets into the

ground, 100% decomposes within six months

& has no analogs in Russia. For comparison, 

plastic food packaging begins to decompose 

in the ground only after 400 years. The 

products of the company’s previous 

brand underwent 70% 

decomposition in the 

environment," the

 statement said.


The company specified that the production of 

cardboard containers, cups, and other types 

of packaging has been established at the 

company's plant in Vidnoye, Moscow 

Region. In the future, additional 

capacities will be added to the 

plant in Kaliningrad - with the

investments in construction

of 1.1 bln rubles
($14.85 mln).




Biden electric vehicle push 

hits ''setback'' in US Senate

December 20th, 11:04am (PressTV)


A bid by the White House to dramatically boost 

electric vehicle tax credits hit a major road-

block on Sunday, when a key Senate 

Democrat...   said he would not 

support Biden's $1.75 trillion 

domestic investment bill.


West Virginia's Joe Manchin appeared to deal a fatal

 blow to President Joe Biden's signature domestic

 policy bill, known as Build Back Better, which 

also aims to expand the social safety net 

and tackle climate change.


The bill includes increasing the current $7,500 EV tax

 credit to up to $12,500 for union-made US vehicles 

as well as creating a credit of up to $4,000 for 

used vehicles. The bill would also, again, 

make General Motors and Tesla Inc... 

eligible for tax credits after they hit

 the 200,000-vehicle cap on the 

existing $7,500 credit.


The bill also includes a 30% credit
commercial electric vehicles.


GM and Ford are both launching electric pickup

 trucks in 2022, and new tax credits could be 

crucial to meeting initial sales targets,
well as meeting rising vehicle 

emissions requirements.


Biden wants 50% of new US vehicles to be electric or

 plug-in electric hybrid, by 2030. The administration

 is expected, as soon as this week, to finalize

 tougher new vehicle emissions rules 

through 2026, automakers say.


Manchin opposes a $4,500 tax credit for union-made

 vehicles that is part of the $12,500 proposal. He 

calls the union credit "wrong" and 

"not American."


The EV tax credits are backed by Biden, many 

congressional Democrats and the United
 Workers (UAW) union and would 

disproportionately benefit Detroit's
Big Three auto
makers - GM, Ford
 Co and Chrysler parent 

Stellantis NV - which 

assemble their US-

made vehicles in 

union plants.


Tesla, and foreign automakers operating in the 

United States do not have unions representing 

assembly workers --- and many have fought 

UAW efforts to organize US plants.


Toyota Motor Corp, which has a plant in West 

Virginia, but whose US employees are not 

union members, has ''lobbied'' against 

the $4,500 union credit.


Toyota announced this month it is building a $1.29

 billion battery plant in North Carolina, while EV 

startup, Rivian Automotive, said on Thursday 

that it will build a $5 billion plant in Georgia.


Vehicles would have to be made in the United States 

starting in 2027, to qualify for any of the $12,500 

credit, which includes $500 for US made 

batteries. It has faced criticism from 

Canada, Mexico, Japan and

 the European Union.

(Source: Reuters)



‘Doomsday Glacier’ 

--- melting at an

alarming rate

December, 15th, 11:54am (RT)


A massive glacier in Antarctica, seen as crucial to
global sea level rise, could lose its ice shelf in

“as little as five years,” a team of scientists

has warned.


The Thwaites Glacier in western Antarctica is

 sometimes called the Doomsday Glacier 

because of its great potential to raise 

sea levels once melted. The glacier

 is about 74,000 square miles... 

which is roughly the size of 

Florida, according to 

CBS News.


A team of US scientists reported at a US Geophysical

 Union meeting, this week, that new cracks were

forming on the eastern ice shelf --- which 

supports one third of the glacier.

 shelf, which “acts as a dam to slow 

the flow of ice off the continent into 

the ocean,” appears to be “losing 

its grip” ...due to warm water 

seeping under the glacier, 

researchers said, citing

 satellite images.


“If this floating ice shelf breaks apart, the Thwaites

 Glacier will accelerate, and its contribution to sea

 level rise, will increase by as much as 25%,” the

 scientists wrote, adding that the shelf could
 broken up in “as little as five years.”


According to the study, one of the fastest-melting

 glaciers in Antarctica is contributing as much as

 4% of global annual sea level rises, today, while 

the cracks are expanding into the central part 

of the ice shelf, at rates as high as 2km 

(1.2 miles) per year.


“There is going to be dramatic change in the front 

of the glacier, probably in less than a decade. 

Both published and unpublished studies 

point in that direction,” geology 

professor Ted Scambos, US 

lead coordinator for the 

International Thwaites 

Glacier Collaboration.. 

told the BBC, Tuesday.




New FAO report on land, 

water resources, paints

 an alarming picture

by Pavel López Lazo

December 9th, 5:13pm (Prensa Latina) 


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United

 Nations (FAO) on Thursday launched a landmark

 report highlighting the worsening state of the 

earth’s soil, land and water resources and 

the challenges it poses... for feeding a 

global population expected to near 

ten billion by 2050.


“The pressures on soil, land and water ecosystems...

 are now intense, and many are stressed to a critical

 point,” FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, wrote in

 the foreword to the synthesis report, entitled the 

State of the World´s Land and Water Resources 

for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking

 points (SOLAW 2021)....  “Against this back-

ground, it is clear our future food security 

will depend on safeguarding our land, 

soil and water resources.”


The report says if we keep to the current trajectory,

 producing the additional 50% more food needed

 could mean water withdrawals for agriculture 

increasing by up to 35%. That could create

 environmental disasters, increase 

competition for resources, and 

fuel new social challenges

 and conflicts.


Among other aspects, it stands out that human-induced
soil degradation affects 34% (1,660 
billion hectares)
of agricultural lands. Over 
95% of our food is
produced on land, but 
there is little room
for expanding areas 
of productive land.
Urban areas occupy 
less than 0.5% of
the Earth’s land 
surface but the rapid
growth of 
cities... has significantly
 land & water resources, 

polluting & encroaching on prime
agricultural land 
that’s crucial...
productivity & food security.


With limited arable land and freshwater resources - a 

rapid scaling-up of technology and innovation is vital. 

We must strengthen the digital architecture needed
 provide basic data, information & science-based 

solutions for agriculture... that make full use of 

digital technologies and are climate-proofing.


Land and water governance must be more inclusive

 and adaptive, to benefit millions of smallholder

 farmers, women, youth, and indigenous 

peoples. They are the most vulnerable

 to climatic and other socio-economic 

risks, and face the greatest food



Sustainable soils, land and water are the foundations

 for resilient agrifood systems. So the sustainable 

use of these resources... is key to achieving 

climate mitigation and adaptation targets.





Earth is Getting Its Own

Black Box 

That Will Tell What Caused 

Humanity's Demise

December 6th, 1:08pm (Sputnik)


The device will be placed on an empty plain in

 Tasmania, Australia. The researchers behind

 the project, say the area was chosen for its 

geological as well as geopolitical stability. 

Other locations proposed, were located 

in Malta, Norway, and Qatar.


Researchers from the University of Tasmania... 

have partnered with the Australian marketing

 communications company, Clemenger 

BBDO, to create a black box for our 

planet, which they say.... will tell 

future generations (and maybe 

extraterrestrial guests, who 

knows)....... what caused

 humanity's demise.


Black boxes installed on airplanes and automobiles

 play an invaluable role in establishing the causes 

of accidents - so why shouldn't Earth have one, 

researchers apparently wondered. Jim Curtis,

the executive creative director at Clemenger 

BBDO, told ABC --- that the project is 

completely non-commercial.


The box will be made from 7.5 centimetre-thick steel

 ...and will be filled with a mass of storage drives, 

which, according to researchers, will record 

"every step we take... towards" a potential 

catastrophe, meaning they are gathering 

information: on pollution, the extinction 

of species, ocean acidification, as well 

as climate change-related events such

 as average temperatures, and levels 

of carbon dioxide. The latter traps 

heat radiated from the Sun and 

consequently leads to

 climate change.


The black box will have an internet connection and 

will also collect contextual data ...such as news 

about key international events like the United 

Nations Climate Change Conference, 

meetings between world
leaders, etc. 


Although the construction of the structure to house the

 box will begin in the middle of 2022, the hard drives 

have already begun recording information.


The black box, which will be the size of a bus, will also

 have solar panels to provide backup power storage.


Jonathan Kneebone, a co-founder of the artistic 

collective, Glue Society, which is also involved

 in the project, said the device is "built to 

outlive us all".


Researchers say that while the main objective is to

 help future civilisations, or whoever accesses the

 black box, to understand what should be done to

 prevent catastrophes, they also hope that it will

 make politicians... put their money where their 

mouths are, when it comes to preserving the 

environment and protecting life on Earth.


"It's also there to hold leaders to account – to make

 sure their action - or inaction - is recorded. When 

people know they're being recorded... it does 

have an influence on what they do and say",

 said Jonathan Kneebone.


FAO calls for urgent action on

 sustainable soil management

by Luis Linares Petrov

December 4th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 


FAO Director General Qu Dongyu called to take

 urgent action - to improve information and 

capacities in favoor of sustainable soil.


The head of the United Nations Food and Agriculture

 Organization (FAO)took part in a video conference 

of the eighth edition of World Soil Day, which has 

been celebrated every December 5th, by 

decision of the General Assembly,

 since 2014.


Stopping salinization is the central topic this year, 

which according to Qu is one of the main threats

 to having healthy soils around the world.


The director general recalled that some 833 million

 hectares are affected by salinization in all corners 

of the planet, as shown in the World Soil Map 

presented in October.


He pointed out that it is a problem present in all

 regions, particularly in the Near East, South 

America, North Africa, as well as in the

 Pacific and Central Asia.


The effects of salt on soils pose a significant risk

 to world food security, he noted, and called to 

seek innovative ways to make agri-food 

systems more efficient, inclusive,

 resilient and sustainable.



Shell oil company abandons 

controversial project in

 British seas

 by Erich Tellez Corrales

December 3rd, 9:24am (Prensa Latina) 


The Anglo-Dutch multinational Royal Dutch Shell 

announced, today, that it will abandon a 

controversial oil exploration project 

in the North Sea, in a decision 

welcomed by the British 

environmental groups.


According to the company, a comprehensive 

analysis of plans to exploit Cambo, a field 

..outlined west of Scotland’s Shetland

 islands, showed that the economic 

benefits are not strong enough at 

the moment, plus there are 

possibilities of delays 

to put the project 

into motion.


The announcement by Shell, which held 30%

of the shares, was greeted with rejoicing by

environmental organizations, and environ-

mental defenders who have been demand-

ing for years.. that the British government 

prohibit exploration & exploitation permits.


Shell is out! This is the beginning of the end of 

Cambo, said on Twitter the environmental 

group, Stop Cambo, which warned, 

however, that it will not rest until 

the entire project is shut down.


Greenpeace’s UK affiliate, which last October lost a

 legal challenge to force the government to reverse

 a permit granted to British Petroleum to operate
a neighbouring North Sea field, said the
Dutch oil company’s withdrawal
should be 
seen as a death blow
to Cambo.


The right decision to ensure the UK’s energy security

 is to speed up the introduction of renewable sources

 and ensure that the interests of oil and gas workers

 are protected through a fair transition, said Labour 

MP and well-known environmentalist Ed Miliband.


The company Siccar Point Energy, which shared

 the Cambo project with Shell, promised to look 

for alternatives to continue exploration, while 

the government limited itself to saying that
is a commercial decision... taken 

independently by the Anglo-

Dutch transnational.




The US – the world’s biggest polluter – 

calls out countries that need to

 'step up' on climate change

December 2nd, 11:26am (PressTV)

US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John 

Kerry, has called out a number of countries 

that need to “step up” on climate change, 

despite the fact that the United States 

has contributed more than any other

country - to the atmospheric carbon 

dioxide that is scorching the planet.

According to studies, the US military is the 

largest consumer of hydrocarbons on 

the planet and one of the largest 

polluters in history.

However, Kerry, in an interview at the Reuters 

Next conference, on Wednesday, accused 

other countries of falling short on their 

commitments to stave off the worst 

effects of global warming.

“And that means you have China, India, Russia, 

Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, South Africa, a 

group of countries that are going to

 have to step up,” Kerry said.

“And we... have to help them. This, is not just 

unloading responsibility on them,” he added.

Kerry has said the current climate situation 

cannot be rectified... without the “full 

engagement and commitment” 

from China.

Democrats in the US House of Representatives 

and Senate --- have already called on US 

President Joe Biden to use targeted 

sanctions to punish individuals 

and companies that are 

worsening the global 

climate crisis.

In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken 

and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last month,

 Democratic lawmakers particularly targeted 

China and its companies.

The lawmakers urged the US administration to use

 sanction authorities under the Global Magnitsky

 Human Rights Accountability Act --- to target 

individuals and companies that are found 

to be involved in climate-related 

corruption and human rights 

abuses abroad.

Both the Trump and Biden administrations used 

the Magnitsky Act, to target individuals and
companies they said were engaged in 

corruption or human rights abuses

 around the world.

Largely, individuals and companies from Russia,

 China, Belarus, Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Eritrea, 

and Cuba, have been targeted.

Last month, scores of countries convened in 

Glasgow, Scotland, for the COP26 climate 

summit, where they reached a deal that 

calls for cutting global carbon dioxide

emissions by 45% by 2030, when

 compared to 2010 levels.

Kerry on Wednesday said private investments for 

clean-energy technologies are also essential for 

fighting climate change, according to Reuters.

“No government on the planet has enough money 

to effect this transition... But, the private sector 

does have that money. I believe the private 

sector has the ability to win this battle

 for us,” he said.

US is world's biggest
plastic polluter:

According to a new report submitted to the US 

federal government on Wednesday, the US is, 

by far, the biggest contributor to global 

plastic waste in the world.

Entitled "Reckoning with the U.S. Role in Global

Ocean Plastic Waste," the report calls for... a 

national strategy to tackle the growing crisis.

The US contributed around 42 million metric tons

 (MMT) in plastic waste in 2016: more than twice

 as much as China has --- and more than all the 

countries of the European Union combined,
according to
 the analysis.

Every US citizen generates 130 kilograms of plastic

waste in a year, with Britain next on the list --- at 

99 kilos per person, per year, followed by

South Korea, at 88 kilos per year,

 AFP reported.  

"The success of the 20th-century miracle invention (sic) 

of plastics, has also produced a global scale deluge 

of plastic waste, seemingly, everywhere we look,"

 wrote Margaret Spring, chief science officer of 

Monterey Bay Aquarium, who chaired the 

committee of experts that compiled 

this report.

Another Government report says climate change 

will shrink the US economy and kill thousands

of US people.


Vietnam readies 2nd largest 

garbage recycling plant
...in the WORLD

 by Lino Céspedes Rodríguez

December 2nd, 10:03am (Prensa Latina) 

Vietnam polishes the finishing touches to a plant 

that will recycle garbage into energy, and be

 the second largest in the world, of its kind, 

officials from investment company Thien

 Y Environment, reported today.

Located on the outskirts of Hanoi, the plant will

have the capacity of processing 4,000 tons of 

waste per day (60% of what is produced by 

the capital) and producing 75 megawatts 

of electricity per hour.

Built at a cost of nearly $ 310 million dollars... the 

plant covers a surface of 173,900 square metres, 

making it the second largest in the world, after 

Chinese Shenzhen, which processes 5,000 

tons of garbage per day.

Left over matter, after being used to produce energy,

 will be incinerated and used in the manufacture of 

bricks and other construction materials.

To fully ensure safety, it will count on a gas 

filtration system: preventing the emission 

of dioxins, mercury, nitrogen and other 

polluting substances into

 the environment.

Vietnam thus takes a new step towards the 

full elimination and use of... solid waste.

Currently the 3 main ways of waste treatment 

in the country, are: burial, the production of 

microbiological fertilizers, and burning.

Only 30% of Vietnam’s existing dumping areas 

meet ecological standards, while most of its 

nearly 300 incinerators, are small-scale.


Climate change...... 

promises unfulfilled, 

pledges forgotten

November 25th, 7:41pm (PressTV)

Climate change, has long been debated under 

different settings, researched and debunked

 and ‘rebunked’ over the years, so much so 

that you would think, strides should have 

been made by now, unfortunately, how-

ever, that hasn't been the case. Major 

corporations and rich countries have 

all fallen short on their so called 



Hypocrisy and inaction


COP 26 still lacks large coal using countries. Studies 

show CO2 levels are back at pre COVID-19 levels in

 the COP countries but did not include Australia, 

China or the United States in the assessment.


Such a state of affairs led to climate protests decrying

 one of the highlights of the COP 26 Summit, the 

coal pledge.


Children Youth Act climate activists protested 

their concerns regarding the slow pace of 

emissions reductions and lack of action

 on the climate emergency.


Children Youth Act climate activists were rightly

 worried about the slow pace of emissions 

reductions and action on the 

climate emergency.


Nothing will be saved without it is important to 

begin with the fact you're born to be creators 

of the ground.


Yrsa Daley-Ward, Writer


The 26th session of the Conference of the Parties 

to the United Nations Framework Convention on

 Climate Change.


Carolina Schmidt, President, COP 25


The opening of the COP 26 summit in Glasgow 

was quite inspiring but it all came down to the 

final draft communiqué.


Well, you know we got a very lengthy 

draft decisions from the presidency…


Carolina Schmidt, President, COP25


We need much more concrete action to be 

sure to actually really meet this 1.5 target.


Maarten Van Aalst, Director, Intl.

 Red Crescent Climate Centre


But the details of the draft were inconsistent 

with the declared intention of phasing out 

coal as a fuel source.


As a reference of a phasing out of coal and we 

are strong believers that that phase out of 

coal [is imperative].


Luca Lacoboni, Greenpeace, Italy


Climate Reality, which is funded by the former US 

Vice President Al Gore, claimed in an article that 

more than 250,000 Americans are exposed to

 levels of cancer risk above the highest 

limits set by the EPA.


This is an environmental justice nightmare and the

 main culprit is toxic pollution from fossil fuels and

 petrochemical facilities.


This is what US Senator Ted Cruz said about 

the climate change summit that took place

 in Glasgow.


I’m not saying they do not believe what they're saying,

 but their hypocrisy is rampant. Headed to this
 conference, these officials flew
in giant jets.


John Kerry has a private jet that has flown dozens 

of times, this past year, all around the country.


I don't know about you, but I don't have a private jet. 

I don't believe any of the people on this stage have

 their own private jet.


John Kerry when asked about his private jet said

 "really, for someone like me it's the only way 

that makes sense to travel".


What dripping, condescending, arrogance!


Ted Cruz, US Senator


Robert Evans is a former member of the European

 Parliament MEP, and a British Labour Cooperative

 politician..... who served as a member of the 

European Parliament from 1994 until 2009. 

He was first elected to the European 

Parliament for London Northwest 

and then in 1999 and 2004 for 

the London constituency.


Taking a look at what the US Senator Ted Cruz has

 said about US policy, slamming his fellow Senator

 John Kerry and other world leaders as a whole 

for travelling on jets to this cop 26 Glasgow 

Summit, does he have a point?


Yeah, I think it's sending entirely the wrong message. 

I realize the challenges that some global leaders have

 getting from A to B or getting from their own country

 to Glasgow, but I think it's sending entirely the 

wrong message when they are arriving in 

private  jets to go around.


Most of the airlines have flights that come to 

London where they could have got a train 

or a number of people could have 

managed it.


Using private airplanes, which are very, very 

carbon expensive, is entirely, not so much

 unnecessary, but it's sending completely 

the wrong message to everybody else.


We have the situation where our Prime Minister 

Boris Johnson came back to London by 

private jet. Well, I looked it up; there 

were six possible scheduled 

airlines flights he could

have taken, or a train 

from Glasgow 

to London.


We cannot have one rule for them 

and one rule for everybody else.


So global leaders need to reflect on that; 

whatever the challenges, there are 

plenty of airlines that could have

 accommodated them.


Robert Evens, Former MEP, British Labour Cooperative


That makes sense and sounds fair, but ‘therein lies 

the rub’ and the barely veiled hypocrisy of what US

 Senator Ted Cruz has said. He himself has, in fact,

 received more money from oil and gas companies 

in 2018 than any other senator.


Ted Cruz received nearly $800,000 from the oil and

 gas industry in the year 2018. And as for other US

 senators, one in four US Senators still hold fossil 

fuel investments.


The households of those 28 senators own a 

combined minimum of $3.7 million, and as 

much as $12.6 billion in fossil fuel assets.


"The vicious spiral of global debt these countries at

the frontline of the climate crisis, unable to respond 

to his Fallout, and the failure of the world's richest 

countries to lift the burden, exposes their climate

 hypocrisy", according to The Tribune.


Debt hypocrisy


COP 26.. actually exposed the debt hypocrisy of the

 rich nations, and that is where the problem is. Last 

year, we had $72 billion flowing out of low income

 countries in debt repayments. These are vital

 resources that could have been directed to 

tackling the climate emergency and easing

 the effects of the Pandemic.


Instead, lower income countries are now spending 

five times more on debt-repayments that they're

 spending on fighting the climate crisis.


Luca Lacoboni is a campaign manager for 

energy and climate at Greenpeace, Italy.


When you take a look at the developing countries

there was a lack of representation. Why was 

that at this conference? It's a summit?


[The] most affected countries, the countries that 

actually see climate change impacting their daily 

life almost every day around the world are those

 countries that are less represented in COP, in
Glasgow and this is absolutely unacceptable

 since the richest countries... are those who 

are feeling the impacts of climate change
less, --- 
and should hear the voices of
the most 
affected countries and of
the most 
effective people.


This is another important sign of the fact that at 

the moment, also that COP26 in Glasgow is 

doing a lot of words, but really, not 

enough action.


Luca Lacaboni, Greenpeace


One wonders how much money was actually spent

 fighting the COVID 19 pandemic, and how much 

was spent saving businesses and countries 

from actually crashing.


For the prime minister of Barbados, the COP26 

summit sheds light on how the desired 1.5 

degrees Celsius goal could already have

 been reached.


The central banks of the wealthiest countries engaged

 in $25 trillion of quantitative easing in the last 13

 years, 25 trillion, of that, 9 trillion was in the 

last 18 months, to fight the pandemic.


If we had used that 25 trillion to purchase bonds, the

 energy transition or the transition of how we eat or

 how we move ourselves in transport, we would 

now be reaching that 1.5 degrees limit that is 

so vital to us.


Mia Motley, PM Barbados


While social media giant Facebook changed its name

 to Meta, a group of protestors placed a large melting

 iceberg sculpture in front of the Capitol Building in

 Washington. This group said Facebook had played

 a major role --- by not stopping the spread of 

climate disinformation.


Actually, climate disinformation is rampant on

 Facebook. There's 1.3 million views of climate

 disinformation daily.


Facebook says that they send 100,000 people 

to their climate information centre every day.


But if we look at their numbers versus the numbers

 that we're getting from the researchers, there's a

 massive discrepancy of how much climate

 misinformation there really is, on 

their platform.


Rewan Al-Haddad, Sumofus Campaign Advisor


When it comes to climate change there needs to be

 strong will, on all fronts, from political incentives to

 budgetary allocations. With so much ground to 

cover on the issue, where would be the 

good place to start?


The companies that are responsible for most of 

the worlds greenhouse gas emissions would

 be a good place to start.


The 20 major fossil fuel companies are collectively

 responsible for 35% of global greenhouse gas

 emissions. Surely if we know who these 20 

companies are, then we should stop them 

from doing what they're doing. If only it 

were that simple.


What is needed is strong political will, and action 

by the gas and oil companies responsible.  


Considering the top corporations, for example, 

Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, Exxon, Mobil, BP, 

and Royal Dutch Shell, and examining how 

much CO2 they actually emitted into the

 atmosphere, we are looking at 480 

billion tons of carbon dioxide.


That's a lot of CO2, regardless of all environmental

 disasters that have happened over the past few

 decades, however, that is not where the 

controversy lies.


The whole notion of the use of coal, oil and gas and its

 detrimental effects on the planet and environments..

 has been known from as long ago as the year 1965.


In 1965 the US president’s scientific advisory

committee announced that pollutants had 

altered the carbon dioxide content of the 

air and the lead concentrations in ocean